How to cut fuel consumption?of Money do not happen much. And gasoline too! Any driver will only be glad if appetite of its car becomes less. But here what price? Good it is necessary to pay for all, and low fuel consumption not an exception. Let`s talk about ways of economy of gasoline, about what costs or to you it is not necessary to endow for the sake of this economy.
of the Basis of bases.
The hottest petrol topic usually causes genuine interest in interlocutors. But it is worth drawing curves of specific expenses and to give the multystoried settlement formula containing 13 (!) sizes as the look of listeners grows turbid. One will yawn, but will keep silent, another will ask not to take it for a ride and to explain on fingers. It will be the rights for hundred percent. And though without physics with mathematics sometimes it is difficult to formulate thought if it worked well - it easy to understand!
It is possible to fight against excessive gluttony only on the serviceable car. It is a basis, it is necessary to begin with it. The compression in cylinders of the engine has to be normal, power supply systems and ignitions are debugged, bearings of a running gear it is easy to rotate, and not to shkryabat frictional overlays of brake shoes at the movement of the car empty on disks and drums.
For economy of fuel in a case of the engine and a transmission from the list recommended by plant is better to fill in that oil that is more liquid (within limits, of course!) . Special attention to a convergence - to disorder. To put it briefly, you contain the car in good repair. Even if you the representative of minority and do not pay attention to fuel consumption - all the same will not regret.
It is more preferable to economy tubeless tires of a radial design. Pressure in all four wheels does not have to be lower recommended by plant. Check it more often. Manometer more precisely than visual survey and percussion. A useful step - increase of pressure in tires in the range from recommended to the most admissible (it is specified on a sidewall of any tire). This action will inevitably be reflected in controllability and smoothness of the course of the car. Without getting into a technical jungle, we will offer a reasonable compromise. If norm of 2 kgfs/cm2, then we swing up to 2,3 - 2,5 kgfs/cm2. Is not necessary further.
Do not load the generator! On service of the conditioner, electrowindow regulators, headlights, the fan of a heater, heating of glasses or seats, the audiocenter, the additional equipment like refrigerators and autocoffee makers a lot of energy is required. As a result - the raised gasoline consumption. Therefore use what is really necessary. The radio tape recorder sounding at full capacity and the switched-on conditioner considerably increase fuel consumption.
To change aerodynamics of the car we not in forces radically. But more rare to go with open windows, not to put a luggage carrier on a roof and we can not drag the angular trailer nevertheless. You should not push under springs and shock-absorbers of a pro-rate for increase of clearance. Pay for doubtful cross-country ability the increased fuel consumption. And it, believe, not worst of the evils from application of pro-rates!
Tuning aerodynamic nashlepk are neatly nicknamed “ weather-cloth “. Expenses are big, effect, as a rule, zero or even negative. To design, make and correctly units are able to establish a spoiler. Perhaps, it is better not to experiment? Laying under the carburetor, turbines, “ wonderful “ friction modifiers at best are useless. Their purpose - to ruin fighters for economy by hook or by crook.
And here route computers deserve attention. Many foreign cars are already equipped by them, and they can be installed on domestic cars. From the computer the driver obtains full information on the current and average fuel consumption. With its help it is possible to lower appetite of the car on 0,5 l on 100 km.
If electronics is too expensive - will help ekonometr which on depression in an inlet collector allows to judge an expense. Such devices are built in in “ low “ panels of front-wheel VAZs, but are on sale and separately.
to Owners of expensive foreign cars should not be forgotten about cruise - control. It supports the set speed, using an optimum control algorithm. Clever electronics manipulates gas more precisely, than the driver`s leg, so, less fuel will depart to an exhaust pipe.
Show discretion at the choice of a route and time of a trip. The general strategy is as follows: the less difference between peak and average speeds, the better. The key to success - uniformity of the movement. Let`s give examples. You well know the district in which you live, and a situation on roads. If you are going to go to the country, choose time when the route is not loaded.
Do not plan purchases in way, stock up with all necessary better in advance. Try to agree also with your navigator about a minimum of stops - draft of a fine half of mankind to brake the driver at each booth is well-known. You will follow the tastes of own spouse - devastate a tank quicker.
Consider human physiology. Before a long journey do not drink a lot of water, do not forget also about passengers. It is not a joke. Travel can turn into real hell: from a bush to a bush by the principle “ girls - to the right, boys - on the left “ and from there at once on gas station.
Worst of all it is necessary the residents of the large cities spending days off at the dacha on Friday evening on departure from the megalopolis and on Sunday evening on entrance to it. In this nervous crowd the most perfect equipment consumes gasoline buckets.
What to do? There is no uniform recipe! One ask for leave from work a bit earlier, others postpone a trip for late night, the third come back from giving on Monday since morning. Generally, if circumstances allow, try not to get to rush hours.
Turmoil of city streets hardly gives in to forecasting. Here the optimum route is selected experimentally. And the long way can appear quicker and more economically short. Anyway the road to work and back should be studied to the smallest details. To represent its loading depending on day of week, to know an operating mode of traffic lights etc. It is ideally quite good to have several own, well mastered, sample schemes of movement on the city from edge to edge. And to reduce to them any unforeseen trips in whole or in part. Listen to radio, you watch TV, read newspapers. Holidays, demonstrations, meetings of delegations, trips of the government, opening of shops, working hours of the wholesale markets. According to these messages the skilled driver will calculate what are expensive and in what time will be blocked where traffic jams, jams and other troubles are possible.
The standing car of gasoline does not consume. Economy full - we do not take loss on evaporation of fuel into account. But as the car is bought to go, the gluttonous animal should be lured. And his appetite outright depends on your style of driving. Let`s reject boring calculations and we will offer three simple governed .
Rule first : do not fill in the motor with gasoline. In other words, accurately use an accelerator. If for maintenance of speed it is enough to press the accelerator pedal on a quarter of the course, there is no need to press it on a third. Remembering it, try to work as the right leg with smaller, than usually, amplitude and you will understand that you still pedalled too actively.
Rule second : the less courses make pistons on unit of the distance passed by the car, the less gasoline will get to combustion chambers. It is about advantage of the fastest transition to the highest transfers. Ideal option - the fifth transfer plus unconditional performance of the first condition. A consequence - about high turns and speed, and also it is necessary to forget about quick dispersal.
Rule third : the moving car saved up kinetic energy, and it is more favorable to maintain it, than to gather anew. Yes, everything is right, brake less often, then it is not necessary to burn down gasoline on dispersal.
Appears a tiresome unceasing pilezhka on the fifth transfer with a speed of 70 - 75 km/h. In life theoretically correct mode is impracticable. Besides - it is dangerous. Imagine that you go without dumping of the course in turns, on railway tracks, narrowings of the carriageway. You overtake, without accelerating, and dangerous maneuver takes well a lot of time. The horror takes!
There are also other ways of achievement of record indicators. For example, movement “ saw “. That is continuous dispersal - a setup, descent under to an ork with the switched-off engine with the subsequent launch of the motor on transfer, driving “ vnatyag “ etc. For ecorally is suitable, for daily application - hardly. Again it is dangerous, besides the increased wear of a number of knots of the car nullifies economy. Without speaking about the exhausting load of the driver.
What remains? Reasonable compromise. Try not to drop out of a stream not to create hindrances to themselves and people around. However count a road situation on many courses forward. It will allow to reduce number of dispersals, braking and to go more or less evenly. Do not tighten overtaking - life more expensive. But refuse racing ambitions - lack of sharp accelerations and high speeds will favorably be reflected in tank contents. On district folds skillfully use a setup (only a neutral, the engine you do not stop). Freely sliding from a hill, the car will gather the course. Then before rise include the highest transfer and, smoothly pressing gas, forward - to top.
Here actually and all. And where the promised sacrifices? Please! Exact, prudent work as the accelerator pedal tires a leg. Frequent reflections about a route and forecasting of a road situation overload the head. Refusal of high speeds and sharp starts smothers vanity. Whether it is worth straining itself, darling - solve.]