Who are you, Father Frost? As I already wrote (part 2) of, Father Frost, undoubtedly, is connected with Velez - Volosom and Nikola.
Velez - the Hair in national representations is tied with gold, silver, with idea of abundance, accumulation arrived. It can be presented “ gold person, huge growth by the grandfather “. But in folk customs between gold and blood, gold and red in national representations the equal-sign is put.
In this regard Nikola`s honoring is expressed in special ceremonies of cooking and dyeing of eggs. So, in Siberia, go to the wood to cook eggs and to paint them on Nikola Veshnego (on May 9). Cooked eggs and on Nikola Zimnego (on December 5).
These eggs in a ceremony are connected with a cult of the dead and fertility. Eggs cooked in the wood or on river banks of lakes for the Trinity, Rise, Petrov day, on May 8 - Veshnego Nikola`s eve. Such holiday as “ Volosye “ it is celebrated on Thursday the first week of the Lent. And though it is connected in a Christian calendar with St. Nikolay, his name confirms more ancient communications with Velez - the Hair - the Lord of the Universe of a pre-Christian North Russian pantheon.
Presence of such character in ceremonies of New year practically of all European people forces to look for a certain general initial mythological image. And it could develop only where the cold winter and long winter night which in many respects defined life of people, caused fear and forced to worship those forces which stopped the movement of the rivers, froze everything around and put the person on a side between life and death.
It should be noted that sacred texts of Ancient India “ Veda “ and also drevneiransky “ Avesta “ place the most ancient ancestral home of Indo-Iranians or ariyev in Subpolar zone, in the north of Eastern Europe, i.e. those lands which call the Russian North today.
Exactly here, judging by Rigveda and Avesta`s anthems, were created all-Indo-European myths, ceremonies and rituals, gods and goddesses " were born; senior generation “. God Varuna is especially distinguished from them.
Varuna created “ the way is wide on which the sun moves in the sky. And legless it gave it legs, Varuna averting the evil from heart “. Let`s notice that since December 22, from a winter solstice, day so exactly from now on it is valid " begins to arrive in the north; toritsya Solntsa Road “.
Varuna is the guardian of truth and justice, the autocrat, the tsar over the world, the lord of the world of ancestors, the bearer of fertility. He is god of magic plots, has wonderful magical force and is embodied in shape of a bull or horned month. Varuna holds a space tree of the Universe which roots are directed up, and branches down in hand. Stars hang on branches of this tree, addressing which the ancient singer asked: “ Yes their beams will get into our heart! “. Analogies to a New Year tree amazing.
It is worth remembering that a wonderful tree “ karkolist “ which is in sacral space “ next world “ - “ islands of the Brawler “ and too grows “ up is roots, down branches “ in the Russian national plots it is closely connected with St. Nikolay (Mikola) or Velez.
Varuna (as Nikola and Velez) sends diseases and brings disposal of them. Addressing Varuna, he is called “ the best doctor “ which possesses all remedies. So in “ Atkharvavede “ it is told:
“ You the best of remedies,
the Finest of plants,
As if Som - mister at one o`clock in the morning,
As if Varuna among gods “.
It should be noted what Som is not only the Moon, but also ritual intoxicated drink - mix of beer, honey and milk.
Coming back to the Slavic Nikola who replaced ancient Velez again - the Hair, Varuna`s analog, we will note that in the Russian North there was a custom to celebrate Nikola on bratchina beer. Nikola was called in Russia “ beer god “.
Witnesses noted that alcoholism on the St. Nicholas Day had universal and ritual character.
“ They (Russians) consider indecent and obscene not to revel this day in wine or " vodka;. From there is a verb “ to nikolit “ in " value; to drink, walk, drink “ to nanikolitsya - “ to get drunk drunk, celebrating the St. Nicholas Day “.
B. A. Uspensky notes that “ participation in bratchina had in general pronounced religious character: it is significant that in pre-Pertine Russia excommunication deprived as the right of an entrance to church, and it is equal also the rights to be present at bratchina and feasts “.
Creation in the Russian national consciousness is connected with spring (youth), preservation with summer (maturity), and destruction with winter (old age) death. Thus, in the ancient time year consisted of three seasons for four months in everyone: November - February - winter; March - June - spring; July - October - summer.
Varuna is the patron of a four-months season of heavenly waters (rains and snowfalls), i.e. Father Frost.
Varuna - Night, Winter, the night star sky, i.e. the beginning of all beginnings. Begin with it and in it all three forms of year and Time in general are based.
From same it is necessary to proceed probably explaining a name of Slavic god of winter of the Trojan (Varuna, Rod, Velez`s analog), and not just in connection with three phases of the moon. Such conclusion is confirmed by the apocryphal story (the 12th or 13th century of century) “ Circulation of the Virgin on torments “ where it is told: “ From a kamena that ustroy of the Trojan, Hors, Velez, Perun “ that can be clear how “ from that stone created the Trojan - the Gold Lord Molny.
These representations of our ancestors developed in a subpolar East European ancestral home where long winter night, long cold weather and abundance of snow. The deity was perceived as the Lord of night, snow, cold, a polar light - Varuna or Ded (Moroz).]