How to find happiness on the road? All knowthat the horseshoe which is picked up on the road possesses magic miracle property to bring happiness. Everything, even those who do not trust in it experience absolutely identical emotions at contact with a horseshoe. This irrational feeling, as if phantom pain.
Value of an image of a horseshoe is more, than its especially applied value.
As today on our roads it is possible to find anything, except a horseshoe as it is nowadays big historical deficiency, experts, judges and keepers of amulets easily agree to its reduced copy attached to a bracelet, a chain or a bunch of keys from the car.
The main thing - that the sign of presence of a horseshoe remained.
Quite recently - at the beginning of the last century - the horseshoe beaten at an entrance to the house was not just a tribute to ancient customs and the more so not an element of fashion, but quite everyday thing: it had to protect from any misfortunes, attract welcome guests.
For example, the bogopomazanny Autocrat All-Russian Tsar Nicholas II quite seriously considered himself as the person exclusively happy on only that basis that was lucky and often found horseshoes. In the palace the special room where it placed any again found horseshoe was arranged, supplying it with the note: where, when and under what circumstances the happy horseshoe was found. “ Happy “ the emperor did not learn that all horseshoes were thrown to him by the suite seeking to provide good mood to the sovereign. A dramaturgic small knot from the classical court tragicomedy of provisions.
If to return on one and a half thousand years ago, then the collection of horseshoes on roads of Europe would not manage to be collected even falsely - the simplified happy Nicholas II`s method.
Not so much because they could not be thrown how many from - for total of their absence.
And all because horses were just not grounded then, and if necessary on hoofs put on something similar bast shoes, wattled from a grass. Podkovyvaniye of horses everywhere in Europe extended only in the 13th century. (Certainly, grounded riding horses in some districts and much earlier. In Byzantium, under some certificates, it was done in the X century.)
The person who was fated to pick up one of the first horseshoes in road dirt had all reasons to feel happy: in his hands there was a subject from material quite expensive for those times - gland. But, having even stopped being rare and expensive, the horseshoe completely kept authority of the magic origin. It as the sorcerer or the magician - the magician, took from fire the smith whose craft long since reckoned inconceivable without constant antagonism with evil spirit.
Quite naturally the smith, Gogol Vakula, at night before Christmas very quietly could saddle the devil.
What only had not to be done to smiths in legends and myths of the different people. Sometimes the smith got even a role of the Supreme deity or as a last resort the intermediary between heavenly and underground forces, and “ to shape “ to whom follows a voice, and even happy destiny - smiths had enough such work always. The attitude towards smiths, their business, their mission was transformed to a widespread proper name: surname derivative of the word “ smith “ - Kuznetsov, Smith, Schmitt, Koval. Kovalsky... - meets all over the world more often others.
But at a horseshoe, as at a magnet, two poles. And if one is a smith, then another - a horse, the faithful assistant in fight against the enemy and against any powers of darkness. The fast horse and good luck, rescue, a good news in national consciousness were always near.
Still the top of a roof of the house is called “ fad “ because that our ancestors also really crowned the dwellings with wooden figures of horses to drive away from the house of evil spirits. Everything for what esteemed both the smith, and a horse, was embodied in a horseshoe. Its magic force was strengthened also by similarity to a moon rim. The moon in the ancient time was especially honored deity. In the Greek mythology Selena was represented on the chariot or astride a heavenly horse. All live on Earth is coordinated in rhythms with Moon phases. Milestones of formation of mankind are marked according to a lunar calendar, the invariable companion of the farmer.
It is now difficult to carry a horseshoe to the category of fetishes (from the Portuguese word feytisho - the captivated thing), that is objects to which supernatural properties are attributed.
For the majority of us it is just steady poetic image, a traditional symbol of happiness.]