What painter did not sell any picture for all the life? Van Gogh ofwas born on March 30, 1853 Vincent Van Gogh - the Dutch painter, the draftsman, the etcher and the lithographer.
Creativity reflected it a difficult, turning point in the history of the European culture. It imbued passionate love to life, to the simple labor person. At the same time it expressed with huge sincerity crisis of bourgeois humanity and realism of 19 century, painfully painful searches spiritual moral values. From here special creative obsession of Van Gogh, his gusty expression and tragic pathos; the special place of Van Gogh in art of postimpressionism is defined by them, one of the chief representatives of which it became.
The love to fine probably arose in youth when future master worked as the seller of cloths in salons of firm Gupil. However peripetias of private life, the experience which is saved up for so small period and that is important gave an example of the father it to thought that the world need to bear the word of the Lord and people. So the young preacher Vincent Van Gogh gets to the Belgian miner`s settlement under the name of Borinazh. As the person who is thinly feeling he could not remain indifferent to what here saw - to poverty and lawlessness. Understanding that he not in forces as - or to facilitate life of inhabitants of Borinazha sets Van Gogh thinking on sense and advantage of its profession, and it is rather, about its senselessness. Gradually he departs from activity of the preacher, for the first time realizes himself the developed artist and assumes new mission of service to society by means of the art.
With experience of the artist his palette is enriched, it becomes more colourful, pictures as if change, become more emotional as though are filled with light. The nature in pictures leads own full-fledged life, it is dynamic, will be transformed and changes.
Trying to comprehend enduring laws of the universe and to reflect this process in the works, Van Gogh skillfully uses symbolics of color, it plays it “ accords “ and “ contrasts “ thanks to what cloths get an own rhythm and sounding. So, it is easy to notice that yellow, solar tone becomes nearly main in the painter`s cloths. Yellow - a life symbol, a future symbol.
Throughout all career invariable was Van Gogh`s interest in the person. Therefore the person, a universe wreath, becomes the main hero of his works. Life of people with whom he lived side by side several years could not but concern the artist and witnessed their torments and troubles. In 1885 the cloth " appears; Eaters of " potatoes;. It is sustained in dark scale as if the land reminding of color which is cultivated by peasants. Creating a picture in reserved color, the artist in this the period pays more and more attention to a cloth formality.
Literally Van Gogh tried to find in everything human therefore it was so difficult for it to live and work in the world where the person was identified with car and his importance was estimated only from the point of view of his usefulness. Spiritual life becomes demanded less, and former communications in development of a civilization and progress fall. This reason and subjective pessimistic moods lead the artist to a mental disease.
In 1889 he becomes the patient of a clinic Seong - Remy. However these years do not pass for the master completely, after crisis he continues to create. At this time he creates a set of portraits, landscapes with cypresses, etudes, copies of cloths of Millet.
It was necessary for destiny that Van Gogh spent the last decade of the life, leading half-starved existence on money of the brother Teo, only person who supported him till the end.
Creativity of two last years of life of Van Gogh is noted by the ecstatic obsession which is extremely aggravated by an expression of color combinations, a rhythm and the invoice, sharp changes of moods - with frenzied despair to tender feeling of an enlightenment and tranquility.
In Overe, a small small village near Paris, the great artist dies. Not understood by the contemporaries, it leaves to descendants a set of the masterpieces and surprising letters turned to the brother Teo. These letters became one of the most interesting reflections about creativity and life of artists of the 19th century.
Cloths of a brush of Van Gogh, hundred years later after birth, became not only one of the most expensive works of the modern art, they, at last were appreciated by experts and judges of original masterpieces. Now its works decorate meetings of the best-known galleries and the museums of the world (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New - York; Art institute, Chicago; Tate Gallery, London). The destiny of pictures of Van Gogh becomes object of close attention of admirers of painting from around the world.]