How it is correct to break diamond?during usual evening round the managing director of the " mine; Prime minister “ Frederik Wells noticed a point on a pit wall, is dazzling sparkled in beams of the setting sun. The bright point was in ten meters from the top edge of a pit. The managing director of the mine himself could not rise, sent workers to look that it can sparkle so. Two employees unwillingly began to clamber on a slope. Soon employees of the mine took from breed a pure transparent crystal of 10 on 6,5 in size and on 5 centimeters. diamond was
immediately incurred it to the owner of the mine.
Became clear that diamond represented a fragment of larger crystal, unfortunately, though all slope of the pit which is not found was rummaged thoroughly.
So in the evening on January 25, 1905, Transvaal (nowadays the province in the Republic of South Africa) was found in the British colony largest in the history of mankind
diamond weighing 3106 carat (621,2 g).
the Stone struck experts not only the sizes, but also surprising purity, total absence of mineral inclusions, bubbles and cracks. Ideal crystal.
the name - “ Kullinan “ - diamond received in honor of the pioneer and the owner of the " mine; Prime minister “ sir Thomas Kullinan.
The wonder was sent for storage in bank of Johannesburg. The rumor about an unknown find was spread quickly, in bank brought down crowds of persons interested to see diamond. It was democratically shown to everyone. The announcement of the diamond found on the " mine; Prime minister “ spread around all newspapers on the continent and over the ocean. However at all obvious advantages of a stone, the real buyer long was not. The cost of the most rare diamond even for very rich individuals was too high.
was Seriously discussed the offer to chip in together for purchase of a stone - of shilling from each resident of the country, - to make it national property.
However over time real application was found for a precious find: after English - Boer war governors of the Transvaal republic in reconciliation decided to present expensive gift to the king of England Edward VII.
The knowing people counted that today the cost of the similar rough diamond weighing 620 grams would equal the cost of 100 tons of gold.
Not any state can brag of similar gold reserves.
Such here surprise on birthday to Eduard.
So, a gift it was necessary to deliver from Johannesburg to London. It just on the other end of the world. Before transporting a stone to England, it, certainly, insured, rented the special ship with a cabin - the safe and the whole army of vigilant security guards. However if, despite all precautionary measures, to dexterous robbers everything is it would be succeeded to take control of the protected freight, it would throw them in shock: their hands would be hit by a glass model “ Kullinan “. While the real diamond arrived to England in a usual post parcel.
Edward VII occupied with high royal efforts first did not estimate a gift of the South African republicans. Having by the way got acquainted with a unique crystal, indulgently called it fancy “ piece of glass “.
In 1908 wild “ Kullinan “ it was decided to improve, artly to issue, facet with ought care. For this purpose the stone was sent to Amsterdam - to the famous jewelers to brothers Asskor.
Josef Asskor nearly half a year laboriously studied a stone, fixedly peering through a powerful magnifying glass into an inner world of diamond. The master perfectly realized a measure of the responsibility. Ever and none of jewelers of the world solved to it a similar problem. Diamond, in a type of its natural forms in order that diamond worthy the king turned out before to facet, it was necessary to break.
And before splitting a stone into parts, it was necessary to imagine all possible consequences absolutely distinctly. Except absolutely fabulous price the miracle - diamond which could not be spoiled at all was staked what in general not at any price you will not buy - professional reputation of the jeweler house.
Experience and intuition prompted, how exactly it is necessary to work to reveal an ideal essence of grandiose diamond. But, having even finally defined a point of application of the first blow, Asskor himself did not decide on this blow, charged business to the pupil. At the time of drawing decisive blow Josef Asskor for nervousness just fainted consciousness. But its calculation was right. The pupil coped with a task excellently.
Upon completion of all works nearly 4 years later light was seen by two very large, seven large and ninety six average and small diamonds of unusual purity.
The largest part of diamond was facetted in the form of a pear (530,2 carats) and received the name “ Star of Africa “ or “ Kullinan - I “. Today it is the largest diamond in the world - it decorates a top of a royal scepter of Great Britain. It is curious that its size made exactly the one sixth part of initial diamond.
The second splinter of 317,4 carats was given the form of a natural emerald, having called “ Kullinan - II “ - to it there was a place in the British crown.
Diamonds were more small called “ Kullinan - III “ (94,4 carats), “ Kullinan - IV “ (63,65 carats), smaller received the general name “ Small stars of Africa “.
Claim that the king of England paid off brothers Asskor for their work not as money, namely small diamonds - small stars of Africa. And in payment did not stint. From the 3106th carat of an amusing piece of glass after masters from Amsterdam laid hands to it, the king had 1063,65 carats, that is a little more than 34%. What such losses - imperfection of equipment or the latent defects of a stone are explained by - it is authentically unknown. But anyway absolutely precisely the fact that brothers Asskor and their descendants flourished many decades, thanking destiny for a happy meeting with stars of Africa.
Now when there is the second century since Kullinan`s find, scientists - theorists are inclined to agree with conclusions of practicians - the experts believing that on the earth any more there will never be conditions under which in a volcanic subsoil diamond of the similar size could be born. And for this reason the diamond decorating a royal scepter of the English monarchs forever will remain the biggest diamond in the world.