How meet New year in Armenia?the Ancient Armenian calendar consisted of 12 months for 30 days and additional 13th month in which there were 5 days:
Navasard, Or, Sagmi, Tre, Kakhots, Arats, Megekan, Areg, Agekan, Mareri, Margats, Grotits, Avelyats.
Names of months have a legendary origin. Some chroniclers consider that months received the names on names of 12 sons and Ike Naapet`s daughters.
However at ancient Armenians not only months, but also days had the names:
of Areg, Grant, Aram, Margar, Agrank, Mazdekh, Astkhik, Migr, Dzopaber, Murts, Erezkan, Ania, Parkhar, Vanatur, Aramazd, Manya, Usak, Masis, Anait, Aragats, Grgur, Korduik, Tzmak, Lusnak, Tsron, Npat, Vaagn, Sim, Varag, Gisheravor.
And 5 days of the 13th month:
to Paylatz, Arusyak, Grat, Lusntag, Erevak.
The names had also hours. Day time:
of Ayg, Tzayg, Zayratsyal, Tzharagaytsyal, Sharavikhyal, Erkrates, Shantakokh, Grakat, Gurpaylyal, Takhantsyal, Aragot, Arpokh.
I night hours:
Havarak, Akhdzhamukhdzh, Mtatsyal, Shakhavot, Kamakot, Bawakan, Gavatapyal, Gekhak, Lusatzhem, Aravot, Lusapayl, to Paylatz.
In these names creative taste of ancient Armenians is shown: change of color scale of the heavenly arch is reflected in names of hours. Some of these names remained still, showing a certain period (for example, ayg - dawn, akhdzhamukhdzh - twilight, aravot - morning).
we will address directly New Year`s festivals Now. According to the data which reached us, Armenians had 3 New Year`s holidays: Amanor, Navasard, or Kakhand, and on January 1.
Till 25th century BC our ancestors met New Year on March 21 when day length is equal to duration of night. This choice was not casual. In these ancient times the Armenian priests, based on the supervision, were convinced that the nature wakens at the beginning of spring. Armenians celebrated this day celebrations in which glorified awakening of the nature, work of the farmer, addressed gods, asking that year was fruitful.
The second New Year`s holiday at Armenians is Navasard who was marked out on August 11. On a legend, Ike Akhekhnavor (Ike Luchnik), having killed in Ayots Dzore the tyrant Bela, granted freedom to the sort and future generations. It occurred on August 11, 2492 (according to other data - in the 22nd century BC). And this day became the beginning of new year for Armenians.
As it was already noted above, Armenians designated August new year Navasard (Nav - “ new “ + sard - “ year “) . The main New Year`s representations happened on both river banks of Aratzani, on a mountain slope Npat. On celebrations the tsar and the queen with the suite, commanders together with the Armenian army took part. Here came from every quarter of Armenia. The sense of a holiday was not only in fun, but also in a unification of the people.
of Festival lasted several days. In one of these days people drank sweet drinks and light wines. In day of Navasard drunk people were practically not as the ancient Armenian saying says: “ Gods leave most of all ryegrass in the field of the drunkard “. On these holidays even the food was moderate.
From - for different climatic conditions of Armenia in different areas on a holiday table various dishes moved. However on a New Year`s holiday all dishes had something the general that emphasized national peculiarities. In these dishes first place was won by round wheat which grew only in Armenia. Our ancestors put the bread baked from this wheat that pagan gods of Armenians made new year fertile on a table. Probably, one of ancient Armenian sayings - in New Year`s day it is impossible to borrow bread - is result of these traditions. And therefore always tried to put the bread baked from wheat which is grown up by the hands on a New Year`s table.
There is other ancient saying: “ without wine new year will come, without ngatzakhik - will be late “. In the ancient time ngatzakhik was the most known seasoning. This flower tempting appetite grew on Masis`s (Ararat) slopes. It was collected and dried by the Armenians living in areas Masyatsotn and Tzhakatk, and then extended across all Armenia. And in whatever area there lived an Armenian, for New Year it always had ngatzakhik. This tradition (to apply in New Year`s dishes dried ngatzakhik) was a symbol of a national unification of Armenians. Ngatzakhik connected all Armenians with Masis - Homeland heart.
In the 18th century. according to a calendar of the Catholicos Simeon Erevantsi (Simeon Erevansky) on January 1 it was considered to be as the beginning of new year. However even before in different districts of Armenia and in different settlements of refugees - Armenians Armenians already celebrated on January 1 as the beginning of new year. On January 1 the list of New Year`s dishes joins products which names begin with a letter N: Ngatzakhik, Nur (grenades), Nush (almonds), etc. Now practically differs the Armenian New year in nothing in
from Russian. Though... Armenians meet New year twice: at first on the Armenian time, having listened to the president Kocharyan, in an hour - on Russian, having listened to Putin.
the Main course on a table - quarrystone (a pork leg). ]