What breeds of hamsters and how they live in the nature happen? 1839 the English zoologist Uoterkhauz caughtB in one of the Syrian deserts of a small hamster: it is twice less than rat. To him nobody ever saw such hamster. However later nobody managed to meet fellows of the caught small animal. And suddenly, almost hundred years later, small animals who were already considered as died out were found in Syria. They were brought to London. They quickly accustomed to bondage, began to breed. Now they are called differently: Syrian and, golden hamsters or just hamsters, but the scientific name of small animals - West Asian hamsters. They are found in Forward Asia, on the Balkans, in Turkey and Iran, in foothill steppe landscapes and meadow steppes.
Not less known Asian hamsters live in semi-deserts and steppes of Central Asia, Southern Siberia and Severo - East Kazakhstan. And Roborovsky`s hamsters - in deserts in the south of Tuva, the Zaysansky hollow, Central Asia.
Krysovidny hamsters settle in river valleys and on plains of Primorye, Korea and China marshy, overgrown with bushes. They live and on fields. And mouse-like hamsters prefer mountains. They can be met in the Southern Turkmenistan, on Hugo - the East of Transcaucasia, in Afghanistan and Iran - where in mountains there are semidesertic sites with exits of rocks and stony scatterings.
If it was possible to construct all these hamsters in a row on growth, then the krysovidny hamster - it about a rat would be the first. Behind it there would be a West Asian hamster, dzhungarsky and mouse-like hamsters, and Roborovsky`s hamster - it less mouse would be the last.
To whom krysovidny and mouse-like hamsters are similar, I think, clearly. At both small animals long tails. But on a tail of a krysovidny hamster it is gray - brown hairs rare, a tip its white. And on a tail of a mouse-like hamster a thick hair, from above burovato - sandy, from below white. On the end of a tail a narrow brush, “ whisk “. At burovato - gray with a black strip on a back of Asian hamsters and one-time - pale-yellow hamsters of Roborovsky tails short, and fur coats - from dense fur. The same fur at them on soles of back pads why call small animals rough legged.
West Asian hamsters, too with short tails, having appeared in bondage, " steel; to carry “ not only zolotisto - brown fur coats, but also gray, and white with spots. And some of them “ became “ very fluffy, long-haired.
But whatever were fur coats at hamsters and hamsters, small animals never leave far from the houses protecting them from cold and a heat, solar radiation and strong wind, a rain, snow and, of course, from enemies.
The fast and quick mouse-like hamsters who are perfectly climbing stones and narrow cracks suit holes in cracks and emptiness among stones. Roborovsky`s hamsters dig out holes in sand. Houses of Asian and other hamsters are underground. And the most skillful builder - a krysovidny hamster. It digs holes with difficult system of underpasses and a bedroom at a one-and-a-half-meter depth.
For little small animals winter - a heartrending experience. Therefore hamsters begin to prepare for it in good time. By fall they get fat. The more cold, the more fat appears around a neck and a breast at West Asian hamsters. Fat - both the power supply, and a security measure from cold.
But fat fat, and it is useful to prepare food for the future too. In the fall hamsters, as well as hamsters, become very uneasy, they fill with products the storerooms. The Krysovidny hamster for September and October manages to collect sometimes ten kilograms of seeds of different herbs and cultural plants.
In November with the first frosts, still before snow for a long time will lay down on the earth, krysovidny hamsters hammer entrances to the houses with earth traffic jams from within and isolate themselves from the outside world. They do not fall into hibernation. Also Asian hamsters do not sleep. It is more than that, they get out from the houses. At Asian hamsters who live in places where snow drops out in the winter in November or December almost all fur coat becomes white. In such fur coat it is more difficult to notice a hamster who runs to the storeroom to the enemy.
The West Asian hamsters living in natural habitats sleep in the winter. But the cultivated small animals if fluctuations of temperature in the apartment do not exceed 3 - 4 degrees, do not fall into hibernation. In the following article we will tell how to support hamsters in house conditions.