Street children ofof 85% of street children - “ social orphans “ that is those children who nevertheless have parents, but for various reasons they do not participate in education of the children at all. Usually children leave the unsuccessful house and become “ social orphans “ from - for cruel, discourteous treatment of the parents (alcoholism, drug addiction and other social problems of already rich modern Russia are catalysts of this process).
But happens that the child lives in rather safe, even provided family, and he leaves the house from - for mockeries to which is exposed at school from the senior companions and absolute connivance of teachers. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, annually the house is left by about ninety thousand children. Every month about one thousand children perish or disappear.
In different regions, different methods of calculation of street children are put into practice. So, in Karelia consider the children who do not have what constant place for a residence. In their December, 2006 there were
more than 585. In the capital of Buryatia the Uhlan - Ude, consider only those children who got to police station.
In 10 months 2006 the militia detained 1655 homeless here. Street children, as a rule, live at stations, dumps, in thermal communications, in cellars of houses. The main “ income items “ and existence for them are collecting bottles and non-ferrous metals, theft, even a robbery of teenagers,
It is necessary to understand that it is the dry statistics taken from official sources. Actually. The number of orphans, precisely, to each person cannot be established. Orphanages, shelters, children`s homes and boarding schools of Russia are brought up and constantly more than 260,000 children - orphans and children without parental support live.
These children the public institution becomes have to forcedly the only house, protection against zhestokost of the outside world. A problem of our state - to make so that the child, being in such orphanage, would receive a maximum of care and warmth which it lost, having lost the real parents.
Heavy socially - an economic state into which there was Russia as a result of carried out to the last decade “ reforms “ one of the consequences has the enormous growth of number of street children. According to the Prosecutor General`s Office of the Russian Federation now in Russia there are two million homeless children. Someone from these children has no parents. At others parents lost housing and are the homeless.
Many children lived in families of parents - alcoholics, were exposed to a beating and were forced to leave the house. The reasons of children`s homelessness can be different, but result the general - children are forced to live for months and years at stations and in cellars, without having normal food, without getting educations. Often they get to criminal environment, live and are brought up under its laws.
In traditional Children`s Day in speeches of officials of different ranks iridescent notes sounded - money according to all items of expenditure is allocated more and more, in the summer more and more children without parental support at public expense will have a rest. And nobody expressed alarm concerning growth of number of neglected children, their destinies. Concerning destiny of street children. The official statistics is unfavourable.
And according to statements of the same experts, further destiny of graduates of boarding schools and schools such is - 40 percent go for a lattice, 40 more become alcoholics and addicts, and only approximately every fifth lives further more - less normally - works, takes place in society and housing. The picture is very gloomy. Obviously, it is possible to correct it only cardinal increase in financing and the expansion of system of establishments of education, health care and social establishments dealing with this problem.
Some experts see need of increase of the status in the form of the uniform center with great opportunities. Only then it will be possible to take under guardianship of all neglected, and then to give housing and work. But yet neither at federal, nor the regional authorities have no such plans.]