Rus Articles Journal

how there were words cab, taxi, van, bus?

the Majority of words of vehicles in Russian are borrowed from foreign.

They say that the phrase of hackney horse originally - since the 14th century - designated not the thoroughbred hakneysky, and just worn out hired horse. Hired crews, predecessors of a taxi, called hackney carriages, and also hackney and hack.

Taksistsky licenses in the United States still call hack licenses.

Roots of the word hackney can be looked for in the French name of language on which spoke in medieval England, - haquenee, or in the name which was famous in due time for horse breeding of the town of Hackney - nowadays the district of London.

Since 1820 - x years, in London hakne began to force out the cabriolets (cabriolets) which came from Italy and France - easy two-wheeled crews on which the driver often sat behind passengers. Soon cabriolets christened " cabs; (cabs), and drivers, that is drivers of mares - cabby. And though streets of the American cities are dammed " for a long time; self-moving crews, a taxi still call cab, and taxi drivers - cabby.

Pay attention what to stop rather to call up a taxi - to hail a cab.

But from where the word " came; taxi (taxi)?

In 1891 Wilhelm Bruhn invented taximeter (taximeter) for objective determination of cost of run of hired crews. But the device was widely adopted only with the advent of cabs - cars which began to call taximeter cab, and then just taxicab and taxi.

At the beginning of the last century dance halls with paid partners (taxi dancers) were popular. Today such pleasure institutions call taxi - dancing clubs or taxi clubs. Carefully! The general with the Russian or European taxi - clubs they have no anything!

Examples:

of In October of 1998 Houston officials investigated taxi - dancing clubs - In October, 1998 the authorities of Houston made investigation a dance hall - " clubs;.

of It was raining, and Jim hailed a cab - There was a rain, and Jim caught a taxi .

Other vehicles

English word caravan ( caravan ) in English, as well as in Russian, it is applied, to group of camels in the desert or vessels in the sea. Only in caravan English long since could designate also the most various vans - from carts to railway cars and cars.

In the 19th century such caravans began to call van from where the modern Russian word " went; Weng .

Word " origin; " bus; (bus) is similar. In 1828 in Paris there were many-placed horse carriages of public transport which all citizens out of social distinctions could use. Carriages were called voiture omnibus - mix of the French name of crew with a dative case of plural of a Latin pronoun in total . In Great Britain a new look omnibusny transport since 1832 bus began to be called in abbreviated form.

In a spoken language bus noun - " bus; - it was for fun applied to privately owned vehicles. Perekhodnyyglagol means to bus to transport by " bus;. From here and busing - delivery of children by school buses in distant schools.

The origin of intransitive value of the verb to bus " is absolutely unclear; to clear the table dirty ware at " restaurant;. From there was a position of bus boy, bus girl - assistant / assistant to the waiter . One consider that matter in the cart which is often used at the same time - " bus; others explain it to the same Latin omnibus as falls down the assistant to the waiter all dirty work.]