How celebrate Christmas in Germany?Christmas extremely popularly around the world also are one of the most significant and ancient traditions in human history.
Germany, as well as the majority of other countries, celebrates Christmas on December 24, in Sacred Night. This day shops work, celebration begin in the late afternoon.
of the Family gather at richly laid tables waiting for Santa (“ Weihnachtsmann “) which brings gifts this night. This day the majority of families exchanges gifts - this custom is called “ Bescherung “. Christmas Eve is followed by two more Christmas days - 25 - e and 26 - e December - the official days off which are spent with a family and friends.
Christmas or as it is called by Germans, “ Weihnachten “ is silent time in Germany. People are in thoughtful mood. City streets and offices are decorated with Christmas fires and branches of a fir-tree and pine. Buildings usually are hardly decorated - of course, you will see also fires in a window and drawn at windows of a figure and a snowflake, but all very much moderately. " colors; Weihnachten “ in Germany - red and it is dark - green.
The period with 1 - go on 24 - e in Germany carries December the name “ Adventszeit “ (“ Advent`s Time “) - this time before Christmas Eve. Latin word “ adventus “ means “ coming “. Expectation of coming of Jesus Christ to the world in the first day of Christmas means. In the first day of Advent parents give to the children Advent`s calendars (“ Adventskalender “), which count days upside-down. Every day December children can open one of doors of a calendar and receive a gift - a small chocolate in the form of a star or a tree, or a small toy. These calendars are urged to brighten up expectation of Christmas Eve.
All four weeks of Advent - happy time for those who trust in beautiful history of Christmas and wish to make this season even more charming. On the first Sunday of Advent, in commemoration of its beginning, a set of families in Germany do “ Adventskranz “ (“ Advent`s wreath “) . Usually “ Adventskranz “ is made of branches of evergreen trees and it is decorated it is red - green tapes, pine cones and four candles - on one for every week of Advent. The families adhering to religious traditions gather every Sunday around a wreath to consecrate the following candle and to sing Christmas Carols. In the past it had a bigger value as the Christmas tree was exposed on a public inspection only in Christmas Eve. Till this time provided a festive situation and aroma of needles “ Adventskranz “.
First mention of a Christmas tree (“ Tannenbaum “) it was written down in 1605 in Strasbourg, and said that “... people put Christmas trees in their rooms... “. Christmas-tree decorations of that time represented “ the roses made of color paper, apples, wafers, a foil, " sugar;. However the Christmas tree as tradition appeared only to the middle 16 - go centuries when the first ballad about “ Tannenbaum “ was published. To 19 - mu to a century the tradition extended across all Germany, crossed the German borders and reached the United States.
For decoration of Christmas fir-trees Germans use various Christmas-tree decorations, nuts, lollipops and candles. When the real candles were used, it was necessary to watch safety - not to allow candles to burn too long and not to leave them unguarded. The belief is widespread that Martin Luther was the first who put candles on a Christmas tree. Going once home in the winter evening and making the sermon, he tested reverential awe before a type of the diamond stars flickering through crowns. To show beauty of this picture to the family, he put a fir-tree in the main room and filled its branches with the lit candles. Now candles are almost everywhere replaced with electric bulbs.
In some parts of Germany there is other Christmas tradition: 26 - go December to visit families of friends and to praise highly their Christmas trees. Germans call it “ Christbaumloben “ (“ Praise to a Christmas tree “). Usually you ring a door and when open for you and let in inside, you look at a fir-tree and speak: “ Good tree! “ (“ Ein schoener Baum! “) . Why people do to
such strange things? Everything is very simple: the one who praises a fir-tree by tradition receives a glass of alcoholic drink, mainly some kind of brandy. Visitors, having received drink, usually remain - to talk, eat cookies for some time and to praise a fir-tree once again: “ VERY good tree! “.
Such visits are not really long - people visit several friends and praise several fir-trees. As you can understand that after ten such visits people are fairly drunk, but it is very cheerful too.
In prechristmas time there is nothing, so inspiring awe as visit “ Christkindlmarkt “ Christmas market. In each city there is an own Christmas market where people gather for celebrations of the Christmas-tide. There will offer you pastries, candies and toys, and also local house specialties. Markets open before the first Sunday of Advent and usually continue to work in the forenoon 24 - go December.
“ Christmas city of Germany No. 1 “ often call Nuremberg. The Christmas market of Nuremberg is the biggest and the oldest in the country.
of the Street, conducting to the market, are beautifully decorated with white strips with Christmas symbolics, garlands from fir-tree branches and festively lit. In the center of the market the shed and wooden figures is established, illustrating evangelical history - many visitors “ Christkindlmarkt “ stop before this composition. Tents of the market are decorated with branches of a fir-tree and lit with lamps.
Most of all Christmas scenery - angels from a gold foil, the small figures from plums made of dried fruits and krepirovanny paper known as " are on sale; Zwetschgenmaennle “ honey " gingerbreads; Lebkuchen “ and toys. Opening of a market - very popular festival. From a balcony over an entrance to " church; Frauenkirche “ Nuremberg “ Christkind “ (“ The Baby is Christ “) chosen each two years, solemnly pronounces words of the Prologue to the accompaniment of festive music. “ Christ - the Baby of all calls on the Christmas market, hurry everything on a meeting with it, welcome and mlad, and it is old! “.
To hear these words, to like the atmosphere of a holiday, to enjoy a fantastic enchanting spectacle, every year to Nuremberg there come more than 2 million tourists in the whole world. On streets play street organs, tons fry chestnuts and the well-known Bavarian sausages. And, of course, at every turn it is possible to buy a cup of hot mulled wine - traditional Christmas drink. Ceramic circles for mulled wine became at numerous tourists object for a collecting. Every year Nuremberg releases mugs with new festive motive, and nearly 80% of all mugs are taken away by tourists as souvenirs in all corners of the planet.]