What is Hinduism, or “ The good religion was thought up by Hindus... “?Are interesting material from the website “ Calendar of the holidays “ (the editor undressed the Urals Nureyev), who will acquaint the reader with spiritual heritage of India.
the Hinduism - is the main religion of India and one of world religions.
In the world about 500 million people practise this religion and, naturally, the majority them live in India. Hindu communities exist also in Bangladesh, Sri - Lanke, Kenya, the Republic of South Africa, Trinidad, Tobago and Guyana.
The Hinduism covers broad variety of beliefs and ceremonies, and the concept which explains that outside eternally changeable physical world there is a uniform universal, invariable, immemorial spirit which is called the Brahman is the cornerstone of it. Soul of any being in the Universe, including also gods, there is a particle of this spirit (Brahman). Also each living being is the eternal soul covered with a material body. When flesh dies, the soul does not perish, and passes into other body where continues new life.
The destiny of soul in each new life depends on her behavior in the former embodiments. The law of a karma says: no sin remains without punishment, any virtue - without award; if the person did not receive a deserved penalty or an award in this life, he will receive them in one of the subsequent. Higher or low status of the subsequent embodiment is defined by present behavior of the person.
Word “ Hinduism “ there is from the name of the river to Sindkh (also known under the name Hindu) which is located in the territory of modern Pakistan. Since about 1000 AD, armies of aggressors from the Middle East called the place behind the river to Sindkh Hindustan, and the people living there - Hindus (according to language of aggressors, the letter “ with “ replaced with the letter “ x. “) . In the next centuries the term “ to a hint “ became accepted even for Hindus. However as word “ to a hint “ does not occur in the Writing on which these traditions are based, this culture in the sacred writing is designated as the Vedic Dharma.
The word the Veda comes from the Sanskrit root of the Veda , “ knowledge “. Any knowledge which we receive, an essence the Veda . The aspiration to knowledge is initially put in soul. Word “ Vedic “ treats doctrines of Vedic literature. From them we learn that this Universe, along with a great number of others, was created from breath of the Move - Vishnu is about 155250 billion years ago. Divine breath of the Lord at the same time imparted all knowledge necessary for mankind for satisfaction of material needs and awakening of the consciousness of God dozing in everyone. Such knowledge is called the Veda.
And also the Veda specify four purposes to which achievement human life has to be directed. It is of an artkh - wealth and the power; Kama - pleasure and satisfaction of desires, first of all love. Artkh and Kama are the lawful purposes and are considered as important components of needs of any person, however they concede on the importance to two other purposes of life: to a Dharma - to the correct behavior; and to Moksha - to release from a cycle of never-ending regenerations.
Today there are various opinions concerning that, that the Highest blessing to which point for mankind of the Veda is. These various opinions are the reason of the various types of religious worship observed today within so-called Hinduism.
From all range of Hindu piety three religious great traditions are shown: of the Smart - brahmanism , Shiva - a shaktaizm and Vaishnavism . Each tradition is connected with one of three - murt , three main deities of the Vedic Dharma - Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu.
of the Smart - brahmen , or hereditary priests, predominate over all religious practices of millions of ordinary Hindus. They make service by various to devata (demigods) who present ordinary people with material benefits (prosperity, family happiness, good health, etc.) .
Shaivas and shakt worship Shiva and his female energy of Shakti which they address on such names as Davy, Durga, Parvati and Kali. As Brahma - the Lord of creation of the world, so Shiva - the Lord of destruction of the Universe. Shakti is a goddess of all material nature, or of a prakrita .
Worship of Ganesh and Muruge (Kartikeye) adjoins to Shaivism as they are Shiva`s sons. Also adjoins Shaivism and to a shaktaizm left - and a right-hand tantra .
the Vaishnavism is a worship of Vishnu, to operating of a sattv - Huns , Huns clemencies by means of which everything is supported. Brahma controls the rajah - to Gong , to Gong passions, and Shiva - Tam`s - to Gong , to Gong ignorances. From these three conditions of material existence clemency is the highest.
If to speak about the Vedic writing, then they represent spiritual literature of ancient Indian culture. The Veda, being huge collection of the books written in Sanskrit include: material (wordly); religious (ritualistic) and spiritual (monotheist) knowledge.
Externally Vedic writing can seem not systematic and even inconsistent, but this impression can easily change when we see how each step is connected with the purpose.
Four Veda famous as of Threshing barns , Yadzhur , Itself and Atkharva , these four Veda usually call the initial Vedic writing. of Threshing barns means “ ritual “ and, generally this Veda contains anthems and prayers ( of a mantra ) for worship of the universal forces known as demigods. Yadzhur means “ ceremony “ and this Veda, generally describes how to perform rituals. Itself means “ singing “ and this Veda contains many other mantras and strict rules how to repeat these of a mantra according to mystical vibrations. Atkharva means “ the priest having confidential knowledge “ and this Veda describes a set of different types of worship and spells. In a broader sense, Atkharva also includes the writing with material knowledge, such as the Ayurveda (pharmacology and health).
Still the Veda declare that there is only one Highest God . Then why - there are a lot of deities and pokloneniye to them? On this question of the Veda also give the answer that each of this Maiden (demigod) is authorized to operate various elements of a material world, and represents aspect (energy of the Highest) here. So, in effect, it is full divine system of the Highest forces. In effect, there is only one God.
Annually in India hundreds of religious holidays are celebrated. The most considerable of them, - Rama Navati, Krishna Dzhanmashtami, the Move - Shiva - Ratri and others.
All holidays of Hinduism, naturally, of depend on a lunar calendar and their dates vary every year. I invite you to visit my page on www. calend. ru where the main and significant holidays are described (calend. ru/holidays/hinduism/).