Rus Articles Journal

How freed the Crimea, Belarus and crushed Finland?

were released by the Third Stalin blow Odessa and the Crimea. On April 9 our troops with fights entered Odessa. On April 10 is day of exile from the city German - the Romanian fascists and it was celebrated as day of liberation of Odessa.

The Crimean operation was decided to be begun after an exit of our troops to Odessa, and she was led to the period from April 8 to May 12, 1944. Before in November, 1943 our troops straight off did not manage to free the Crimea.

According to the developed Rate of operation on liberation of the Crimea blows from the North with forces of troops 4 - go the Ukrainian front - from the Recop and Sivash and from the East by forces of Separate Seaside army - from the district of Kerch in the general direction to Simferopol - Sevastopol at the same time were struck. It was supposed not to allow with assistance of the Black Sea fleet, connections of Aircraft of distant action and guerrillas evacuations of enemy troops from the Crimea.

The Soviet troops surpassed the opponent in staff of troops in - 2,3 times, in tools and mortars in - 1,6 times, in tanks and SAU - by 2,6 times, on planes - by 8,4 times without the German planes which were based in Romania and Moldova. The enemy group in the Crimea totaled about 200 thousand soldiers and officers.

For implementation of operation through Sivash crossings were created: the bridge on frame support 1865 meters long, two earth dams 600 - 700 meters long and the pontoon bridge between them 1350 meters long. Loading capacity of these crossings was brought by engineering troops to 30 tons that provided a crossing of tanks T - 34 and heavy artillery. And it was necessary to transport on them except all other troops the whole tank case. For introduction of the opponent to delusion in kilometer from crossings the false bridge was built.

On April 8 troops 4 - go the Ukrainian front struck the main blow from bases beyond Sivash to the back to all strengthenings of the enemy on the Recop. On April 11 went to approach of army of Seaside army. In the evening on April 11 the capital of our Homeland Moscow saluted to valorous troops 4 - go the Ukrainian front, the city of Dzhankoy which broke through defense of the opponent on the Recop and Sivash and seized.

On April 15 mobile parts 51 - y armies left to external defensive contour of Sevastopol. Having prepared, having improved the positions, on May 5 after two-hour artillery preparation and blows of aircraft took the offensive 2 - I am Guards army. But the main storm of the Sevastopol strengthened district began on May 7, 1944. Our troops managed to seize Sapun - the mountain and Kai`s mountain - bash. On May 10 Moscow saluted to the valorous Soviet troops which released the main base of the Black Sea fleet - the city of Sevastopol.

Pay attention to power of the Soviet army and falsity of liberals - revisionists. Germans with Romanians in 1941 - 1942 took Sevastopol only on 250 - y day of fights with the parts of Red Army defending the city. The Soviet troops freed Sevastopol which was even more strengthened by Germans in three days.

Finland was brought by the fourth blow struck with troops of the Leningrad and Karelian fronts on the Karelian Isthmus and in the Southern Karelia from war. It was difficult to the Soviet troops to seize Vyborg at the Gulf of Finland and Petrozavodsk at Lake Onega. In 10 days our troops broke through many times the “Mannerheim`s line“ strengthened during war and seized Vyborg. In 1939 - 1940 the Red Army for this purpose needed 3,5 months.

All operation on release of northern part of the Leningrad region and the most part of Karelo - Finnish the USSR, located between the Ladoga and Onega lakes, lasted from June 10 to August 9, 1944. Here in 1941 our troops died in the last ditch on the river Svir and further did not pass the enemy. Now Finns were rejected in depth of Finland. On September 19 under pressure of Moscow the Finnish troops developed military operations against the German troops which were in the north of Finland. The Soviet Union, as well as in 1940, did not begin to enter the troops on the territory of Finland.

The fifth blow Stalin called the main blow struck in the summer of 1944 with Red Army. In this blow the Soviet troops freed the huge territory of our country. Operation on liberation of Belarus was performed from June 23 to August 29, 1944 and received the name “Bagration“. The Supreme Commander I. V. Stalin penetrated even in most it would seem insignificant questions of preparation and development of operation. And it is not surprising.

Our troops were resisted by the strongest German group of troops of group of Centre armies, in 1941 with fights reached from Minsk Moscow. Through Belarus the way to a den of the enemy - Berlin lay. The best German troops were concentrated on this direction. Except group of Centre armies the Soviet troops were resisted by part of troops of group of Sever armies and tank divisions from group of armies “Northern Ukraine“. Only the group of Centre armies contained on the direction of blow of our armies 1 million 200 of thousand soldiers and officers who had 9,5 thousand tools and mortars, 900 tanks and assault tools, 1350 warplanes.

Resisted to group of Centre armies from 4 - x the Soviet fronts 1 million 211 of thousand people, 24,4 thousand tools and mortars, more than 4 - x thousands of tanks and samokhodno - artillery installations, over 5,3 thousand planes. Our troops much more surpassed the opponent in arms, and it means that in the Belarusian operation, as well as in other operations 1943 - 1944, the Soviet troops brought down on the resisting opponent there are 3 - 4 times more shells and bombs, than received in reply, putting it enormous losses in manpower and equipment.

It is necessary that all people from the school student to the pensioner knew that our ancestors won not only thanks to courage of our soldiers, but, first of all, because they were armed much better than the opponent. It is bitter that our people trust falsifiers, does not know the true reasons of victories over the enemy and is not proud of the highest mental and organizing abilities of the ancestors. Is not proud of their ability to work and be at war, keep endurance, honor and advantage in any situations.

For defeat of the opponent in Belarus four fronts were attracted: 1 - y Baltic - the commander I. H. Bagramyan, 3 - y Belarusian - the commander I. D. Chernyakhovsky, 2 - y Belarusian (the right neighbor 1 - go Belarusian until the end of war) - the commander I. E. Petrov, and since the end of July G. F. Zakharov, 1 - y Belarusian - the commander K. K. Rokossovsky.

All the specified fronts had 2,4 million people, over 36 thousand tools and mortars, 5,2 thousand tanks and SAU. Troops of fronts were supported respectively by aircraft 3 - y, 1 - y, 4 - y, 6 - y and 16 - y air armies (only 5,3 thousand warplanes). In operation the aircraft of distant action - the commander A. E. Golovanov and aircraft of air defense was also recruited. Before operation by guerrillas about 40 thousand rails were undermined.

On June 23, 1944 under a thunder of tens of thousands of tools our troops took the offensive. Approach took place in bolotisto - the woody district with speeding up of many rivers, including the Western Dvina and Dnieper. Operation took place successfully for the Soviet troops. At its carrying out it was applied many new decisions which favorably influenced performance of objectives by troops. The enemy receded on the huge front. Only the general width of a strip 1 - go the Belarusian front reached nearly 900 kilometers. Groups of the German troops in the districts of Vitebsk, Babruysk, Minsk, and further near Vilnius and Brest were surrounded. By the end of day on July 3, 1944 the Soviet troops freed Minsk.

Only near Minsk 100 thousand soldiers and officers of the German troops got to an environment. In 12 days the Soviet troops promoted on 225 - 280 kilometers at average daily rate of approach of 20 - 25 kilometers. The group of the German armies “Centre“ suffered catastrophic defeat, its main forces were surrounded and crushed. The German command threw troops from other directions, but could not close the gap 400 kilometers long punched by our troops. So the first stage of operation ended.

At the second stage from July 5 to August 29 the Soviet troops finished group of Centre armies and caused a large loss to the German troops thrown from Germany, Norway, Italy, the Netherlands, and also from groups of Sever armies, “Southern Ukraine“, “Northern Ukraine“ and to again created German connections. The group of Sever armies was isolated in Baltic.

As a result of skillfully carried out fights of part of Red Army finished release Belarusian the Soviet Socialist Republic, released part Lithuanian and Latvian the Soviet Socialist Republic, on July 20 entered on the territory of Poland, on August 17 approached borders of East Prussia. By August 29 the Soviet troops reached a boundary to the west of Jelgava, Dobele, Siauliai, Suvalkija, suburb of Warsaw of Prague, the Vistula River and passed to defense.

By the way, K. K. Rokossovsky wrote: “The Polish population belonged to Red Army warmly and friendly. It was visible that the people sincerely rejoice to our arrival and tries to make everything to accelerate exile of fascist invaders. In process of advance forward 1 - I the Polish army quickly was replenished with volunteers from local population“.

Coming in a strip more than 1100 kilometers on the front, the Soviet troops promoted on the West to 550 - 600 kilometers. During approach of our troops in Belarus Germans lost the killed, wounded and taken prisoner of 500 thousand soldiers and officers.

After completion of the Belarusian operation Stalin gave to the German conquerors an opportunity to pass on streets of Moscow. On July 17, 1944 57 thousand German soldiers and the officers taken prisoner in Belarus were carried out headed by captured generals on streets of Moscow.



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