How to grow up vegetables without the earth and water?While in Russia agriculture - a question of prestige, productivity, disorder, policy, import substitution and anything else, but in any way not survivals, the resident of Kenya was engaged in cultivation of vegetables not to starve to death. Now she is the successful farmer developing unusual bag technology.
Nturukuma - the small region in the center of Kenya. District here severe. The desert vegetation, dry beds of the rivers, rare chaotic rainfall - all this does not promote farming. Most of locals prefer to earn a living by trade, but not rural economy.
In the conditions of lack of the soil, suitable for farming, and water the bag kitchen garden proved as a sample of steady agriculture. Two years later after its creation Jane Kayruti Katurima (Jane Kairuthi Kathurima) not only completely provides requirements of a family, but also sells surplus of spinach, beet and arugula in the market.
The bag farm consists of several plastic packages filled with soil mix with manure and pebble as a drainage. Plants on these “beds“ grow up, using openings from above and on each side packages.
Enthusiasts of bag agriculture in Kenya organized Public association of sisterly mutual aid of GROOTS (Grassroots Organisations Operating Together in Sisterhood) which the extensive network of the small-scale enterprises directed by women enters. Women help to overcome each other difficulties, share production receptions and in common develop simple, but effective technology in local conditions. Support of GROOTS improves position of women and changes their life, their families receive good nutrition, children - an opportunity to study at school.
Jane Katurima imparts own experience with colleagues, tells them, as in severe conditions of hot climate to grow up stable harvests. For example, she came to a conclusion that it is inefficient to do in bags individual small openings for each plant. Now Jane cuts a machete long wide cracks and mulches landings. The mulch passes water to roots of plants, but interferes with evaporation, reducing losses of precious moisture.
For cultivation of vegetables in bags much less water, than on usual farms is required. The plastic package does not interfere with access of moisture to roots, but sharply limits losses on evaporation. Nevertheless, water is necessary, however in its region it is not enough.
Katurima rationally uses rain water. During infrequent rains it covers the straw rooftop with a film, and collects moisture, sending the flowing-down streams to barrels. Water is required not only for watering, but also for domestic needs. Neutralizes the soap water of Jane which remained after washing, adding to it ashes that then to water with it the kitchen garden.
Originally the idea attracted the woman with the fact that it did not require a lot of earth, there is quite enough quarter of an acre which the family had. Today a bag kitchen garden of Katurima - the prospering enterprise providing a family with the stable income. Moreover, Jane expanded a farm, and grows up not only vegetables, but also a bird and rabbits. The kitchen garden turned into the small oasis which is clearly demonstrating to locals that it is not obligatory to fight against adverse climatic conditions at all, but it is quite possible to adapt to them.
“The bag farm rescued me, money which would be spent for food, I can use for education of three children, - Jane tells. - Today I am a respectable woman who managed to provide own employment. I urge other women to change the thinking to work for the sake of food security of the country“.