To Kudz. Whether there is an advantage of aggressors?Many lianas differ in unrestrained temper, but to a kudz, moved from habitual places, surpassed itself even. In the homeland, in Asia, it behaves quite decently, and here in the USA showed the abilities not from the best party.
Puerariya - sort of plants of family Bean. The name is given in honor of the Swiss botanist Puerari. In a sort there are about twenty types of treelike and grassy lianas.
In a wild look the puerariya grows in tropical and subtropical regions of the East and Hugo - the West of Asia. In Russia acclimatized and perfectly feel in the south of Primorye and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. In some places of the coast behaves as an aggressor, suppressing local vegetation.
The puerariya lobular is most widespread (bladed, fleecy). Japan calls it to a kudz, in China - gegen. This long-term liana braids everything on the way, it can curl or creep on a surface. In height under favorable conditions about 20 - 30 meters rise. Roots leave deep into soils on fifteen meters.
Leaves of a puerariya remind grape. Blue or violet, fragrant flowers do not differ in showiness, its main luxury - dense foliage. In October beans ripen.
At the end of the nineteenth century the puerariya was delivered on the South of the USA for fight against a soil erosion. Here she quickly accustomed, ran wild and became a malicious weed. Americans call it “green plague“ or “vegetable cancer“.
Speed of growth of this liana is huge: in a week to 2 meters. Hardly there is a sprout near the abandoned house or the tumbled-down tree, soon them it is not visible &ndash any more; continuous green material.
Annually farmers spend the considerable sums for fight against a chuzhestranka, but she continues to master the American open spaces, moving ahead on the continent North. Canada met her in all &ndash weapon; the taken measures suspended its victorious procession. Effective methods of fight against a zakhvatchitsa such: bevelling, use of herbicides, controlled fires.
In the homeland a puerariya two and a half millennia are used as fodder, food, spinning and a herb.
The foliage and young escapes with pleasure are eaten by pigs, sheep and goats.
local population eats Roots, beans and leaves of some types. From flowers cook gentle on taste and fragrant jam.
Tuberiform roots contain up to ten percent of starch, are used in Asian cuisine for preparation of soups. The flour received from roots is applied to production of noodles and solidification of dishes, in Japan - preparations of a kind of Motya.
For a long time make fiber from which weave fine strong fabrics of strong stalks.
Now the possibility of use of roots for receiving biofuel is studied. There are data that the mass of roots of one plant can reach 150 - 180 kg.
Long since in China and Japan from flowers cooked the medicine causing prophetic dreams. Puerariya in traditional Chinese medicine is included into the list of 50 major herbs. It is used at treatment of dizzinesses, noise in ears, an overheat, and also for decrease in requirement of alcohol at his fans.
Modern researches confirmed medicinal properties of a puerariya. It regulates the content of glucose in blood, promotes lowering of arterial pressure and cholesterol level, has antiarrhytmic effect, reduces alcoholic and cocaine addiction, brings toxins out of an organism, especially at alcoholic poisoning, normalizes work zheludochno - an intestinal path.
It is necessary to know that preparations of a puerariya are contraindicated to pregnant women and the feeding women.
The fans of exotic living in a temperate climate can grow up a puerariya bladed (it the most frost-resistant) on the site, without being afraid at the same time that she will captivate all territory. It is better to grow up this liana as pochvopokrovny - under snow she will transfer frosts to fifteen degrees. In colder winters it is desirable to cover with fir twigs or other warming materials.
To the soil the puyerariya is unpretentious, can live even on salty soils. But it will be better to feel on damp fertile soils and on the solar places protected from wind. I will be glad to organic fertilizers.