V. S. Zavoyko. Who was the first military governor of Kamchatka?the Phrase “the governor of Kamchatka“ are associated now with red caviar, but very few people know about the person who became the first military governor of strange lands. The name of Vasily Sergeyevich Zavoyko is unfairly forgotten though this person applied many forces for development of this severe earth. Still he is considered as one of the most significant people in the history of Kamchatka Krai and navy.
Vasily Zavoyko entered a position of the military governor of Kamchatka in 1850 at the age of 40 years. Before there was a study in Nikolaevsk mate school, service in the Black Sea fleet, an extensive experience of the naval officer, an award for participation in military operations, round-the-world travel and researches of new lands. For several years before he already was in the Far East, investigated east coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, the mouth of the Lena, Alaska River.
Not each, but naval officer could sustain severe climate got used to heavy everyday life. Vasily Sergeyevich wrote in the memories of how seamen accustomed not to be afraid of a storm. When once it, young 16 - the summer warrant officer, could not come for watch from - for strong rolling, the captain ordered to tie him in that place where waves are rolled through the deck and to hold until he does not cease to be afraid. It shivered with cold, tore blood, and only when fainted, it was carried in a cabin.
Also he remembered the first visit of Kamchatka during expedition of 1834 - 36 years. It was struck with beauty of the nature, warm curative geysers, snow-covered mountains in the light of sunshine, high herbs and lakes with hrustalno clear water. Wrote about how joyfully they were met by locals, transport arrived to these godforsaken and people of edge once a year, and sometimes and is more rare than that. In honor of their arrival locals arranged a holiday, seamen danced the French quadrille and drank tea.
Having started the responsibilities, first of all the governor began to adjust economic life and to equip the Peter and Paul port. The pier, the stone embankment, numerous warehouses, Gostiny dvor for visitors of merchants and seamen were constructed, began to bake bread and to prepare crackers for seamen. Also the social sphere developed: hospitals, and near geysers - balnearies, a drugstore were open, began to build good houses with furnaces.
As in this region there was a big deficiency of foodstuff and people often were ill a scurvy, the governor disposed to grow up the products. Each family was obliged to plant potato, cabbage and carrots. The best owners were encouraged and awarded with cash bonuses. After a while the livestock farm earned, the mill, a tkachesky workshop was open. Local people appreciated the governor that during his board in these severe lands with poor soils there was practically no hunger. Before inhabitants often starved.
When the Crimean war began, military operations came also to Kamchatka. In March, 1654 the governor received the warning that to Kamchatka it is sent English - the French squadron for destruction of all Russian basic posts. The city began to prepare for defense, the population learned to shoot and conduct a hand-to-hand battle. The opponent could not occupy the city. The French admiral Fevrie de Poin admired courageous defense and said that he did not expect to meet in this worthless settlement of such strong opponent. Wrote all newspapers about this victory, and the name of Zavoyko became known across all Europe.
Especially it is necessary to remember his wife - Yulia Egorovna Zavoyko, in girlhood baroness Wrangel. Among her famous relatives were the father - professor is right Egor Vasilyevich Wrangel, the uncle is the famous seafarer and the researcher of polar lands F. P. Wrangel, and also the cousin nephew, the top military commander of a White Guard during civil war P. N. Wrangel. Despite the high position in society, it, without reflecting, went after the husband. Their house was always open for people. She treated all who came on a visit, and in the yard put a poplar and a birch as a reminder on the far native earth. They had eleven children, and Yulia coped with all economy itself without governesses. The governor very much was proud of the children and said that God very generously awarded him with beautiful and clever children.
After retirement in 1865 the family returned to Ukraine where in an award for service received several thousands of tithes of the earth. There the married couple lived the days. And they lived long and up to the end were engaged in vigorous economic and public work. Vasily Stepanovich died on the 89th year of life in the house and was buried in the village Big Mechetnya of the Podolsk province. But after a while its grave was thrown, and in Soviet period his name was tried not to be remembered once again. And only in 1985 the local teacher Valentina Mironova found burial, and researches proved that it is a tomb of the former governor of Kamchatka. Ashes of a married couple of Zavoyko reburied the Curve Lake of the Nikolaev area in the town. In the former estate of Zavoyko there is a kindergarten now.
In spite of the fact that Zavoyko`s monument in Vladivostok was dismantled in 1930, many inhabitants Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky still remember “the Russian Columbus“. In his honor streets, settlements, a bay, the cape, the island and the peninsula are called.