Rus Articles Journal

To whom did the admiral Kolchak pay in the Russian gold?

“All that could paralyze revolution, all came to the rescue of Kolchak. And all this failed because the Siberian peasants who least of all come under influence of communism received such lesson from Kolchak that we can tell: Kolchak gave us millions of supporters of the Soviet power in the areas, most remote from industrial centers, where it would be difficult for us to win them …“ (V. Ulyanov - Lenin).

There was in our Soviet, now almost sunk Into oblivion, cinema a solid set of the settled stamps. If on the screen “their“ rummaged in the safe with scary classified documents the uncle with a curve mug of a polecat and vile short moustaches, then we understood that “dirty will employ it and shpiyon“. If maps and documents were stuffed into pockets by ours, then it is a heroic intelligence agent. If the Russian man sported with a white bandage on a sleeve and, crookedly grinning, aimed from the German automatic machine in unfortunate fellows villager, then we understood at once that we see before ourselves “nasty politsy - the traitor“. If the German officer, having waved a hand on the Fuhrer and the oath, suddenly began to help guerrillas or prisoners of a concentration camp, then we besides knew well that before us not the traitor, and “the German patriot - the anti-fascist“. “And it was correct!“ - as known rather politsay used to say one, than the patriot …

Today “everything mixed up in Oblonsky` house“. On screens of the country the movie “Admiral“ right there called KVN players “A twist of fate - 3 was shown“ as “the same actors, only by the ship …“ TV commercial, naturally, did not stint epithets: “The best sons of Russia, brilliant noble officers - the mind, honor and conscience of those terrible years of Russia which put the lives on the Fatherland altar, etc.“ perhaps, in a row the most ancient professions, along with women of easy virtue and other, should be added also cinema-men with historians …

B 1874, on November 4, in a family of the hereditary military the boy who is known to us as the admiral Kolchak today was born. The surname of the admiral, on a legend, has the Turkish roots. In 1894 - m Alexander Vasilyevich ended the Sea case and “is congratulated by work in officers“. The young warrant officer diligently served. Along with affairs military successfully researched the Arctic under the leadership of the baron Tol whose name, by the way, is connected also with searches of the well-known Earth of Sannikov.

In war russko - Japanese proved well, as it was noted by an award and a gold St. George`s Weapon. Then there was a war already world which revolutions and war Civil followed. At the request of the Entente countries Kolchak at that time serving on a twist of fate, “great Britain“, becomes “The Supreme governor of Russia“ and struggles with “the rebelled slaves“ - the Siberian peasants and Bolsheviks. Fight ended with the fact that friends are allies “sold the admiral red“ and the Omsk governor was shot on February 7, 1920 …

the Name of Kolchak was always connected with a set of legends in which were most often mentioned “a saber, a cigarette case, gold“. The most confused legend tells how in the spring of 1917 - go the admiral at that time ordering the Black Sea fleet without wishing to give “red“ the gold weapon deserved in fights threw it overboard with words: “The sea gave it to me, let it also will take! “ The mass of versions of beautiful words, and about the weapon … Here both the saber, and a sword, and a dirk - unless the fighting axe of Vikings is not mentioned. So and to understand I do not advise - “you can be unwell“. Let there will be a saber - it flies to rough waves at cinema and is most often mentioned in sources.

Now the cigarette case handed on behalf of the Sovereign in 1916 - m … One of versions says that Kolchak presented it to the soldiers who in a minute shot it. This hardly! As well as the fact that before execution the admiral sang the romance “- Burn with Gori, My Star …“ which authorship still V. Pikul attributed to Alexander Vasilyevich. Pikul is echoed also by M. Zadornov, but … It is thought, not to songs was to the admiral those minutes and if nevertheless and the white officer before execution sang, then he sang the romance, in 1868 written by Bulakhov on Chuyevsky`s words … And about a cigarette case of more probable version Yu seems. Klarov, the author of one of books about Kolchak: before death the former governor presented it to the warden who treated the prisoner with deep respect and respect.

Is known of destiny of “a gold echelon“ of Kolchak enough, but it would be desirable to highlight that the admiral generously paid in the Russian gold to the invaders helping it to be at war with own people … It is thought, this phrase can become key for understanding of a role of the admiral in our history. When Alexander Vasilyevich thrashed Germans during World War I and received for it the St George`s Cross - it is one, honor to it and praise. When he in Civil ordered to shoot, burn down, hang up and to beat ramrods of the Siberian men and women is, you see, already another …

is Told, in St. Petersburg on the building of the Sea case the memorial board is open in honor of the admiral, and in Irkutsk the monument is established. Plan to establish one more in Omsk. Hm when “brothers are Estonians“ put monuments to legionaries - to SS-men, and Ukrainians cast in Stepan`s bronze to Bander, we are indignant. You will tell that “it is absolutely different things“? Perhaps. But tomorrow we can see a monument to the baron Ungern, and the day after tomorrow - to the general Vlasov … Who following?

That for one Kolchak - “reptile“, and for others - the heroic officer, warm and fuzzy, there is nothing surprising: everyone is free to choose the heroes. The position of our state in which still there are no good textbooks of history surprises slightly. Perhaps, will be enough to drive in “an infinite wedge“ between red and white into whom we will probably be divided anyway not one more decade?

Frankly speaking, the greatest bewilderment not the official position of the state to which not to “historical trifles“, and even not a position of the intellectuals known for the art to trim the sails to the wind causes and with pleasure to echo anyone. What descendants of those who white were hung up and shot surprises, today with such enthusiasm sing of the white movement! If to reject aside fairy tales so favourite today, then the majority of us - just descendants of those workers and peasants, Communards and commissioners, “we are children of those who attacked white groups …“, and not descendants of chamberlains, manufacturers, officers and other noblemen in any way.

So we so easily betray memory of the grandfathers and we uplift on a pedestal of those who cut out red stars on their backs, shot and burned down in locomotive fire chambers?! What we as the grandfather Nichipor from “A wedding in the Robin“, we remove a budenovka, put on? Isn`t it time to be defined what nevertheless power in our Robin, to pay a tribute of respect and memories everything which fell “on far on Civil“, and to close this question as were good both red, and white …

Creators of the movie into the forefront put a love story of Kolchak and A. V. Timireva, his common-law wife who voluntarily divided imprisonment with the admiral. After Kolchak`s execution Anna Vasilyevna spent many years in camps and died in Moscow in 1975. Here for whom just properly it is sincerely a pity. Too terrible victims were demanded from the unfortunate woman by such love, beautiful on the screen, … with

Let over each of fallen in those terrible and very hard times the star burns, and we let`s bow silently to their graves and … we will leave them alone. All of them - our, Russian. Everyone had the truth, everyone died for the Russia …

the most sad, misters and companions, that, seemingly, despite all terrible lessons, we and continue to share on red and white, did not learn to listen and understand each other … Really we will never learn?