What bear not in the fairy tale, and in the nature?As far as there corresponds the “cultural“ shape of bears to their natural nature? Let`s begin with the fact that today in the nature 7 species of these animals which unite in Ursidae family, from armor meet. Ursus - “bear“ (from here and a female name - Ursula).
Despite distinctions between species of bears, it is difficult to confuse them with other predators. All bears are the quite densely put animals with dense wool, the massive head, a short tail and powerful sharp-clawed paws. They go, leaning on all foot and rolling over (for what they were nicknamed “clumsy“). However visible awkwardness is very deceptive - if necessary bears can quickly run, gathering speed to 60 km/h.
The most known bear is brown, widespread in the woods almost on all Northern hemisphere. Purely brown he is not always - some individuals are lighter (reddish), some are more dark (almost black). And at old bears the noble gray hair is at all shown.
By the way, quite so - “gray-haired, grayish“ - the name “grizzly“ - one of the largest subspecies of a brown bear is translated. However, the Latin name “horribilis“ (“awful“) is much more impressive than it.
One of tourists saw the Georgian hunters bearing carcass of the killed bear and shouts, pointing a finger:
- Grizzly!!!! Grizzly!!!!
One of Georgians with advantage answers:
- Slyushy, daragy! Zachem gnawed! Hands crushed! other subspecies - Kadiak which received the name from the island of the same name and living in the North of Canada and on Alaska Are even larger than
. The weight of kadyak can reach 750 kg, and growth - 3 m.
It is easy to guess that at such dimensions a bear at all not that good-natured clodhopper to what it is presented in animated films. To meet face to face this predator not especially pleasantly because his behavior is unpredictable. Usually at a meeting with the person the bear retires, but if the animal is hungry and is (God forbid) wounded, he can easily attack. Everything is used - the mighty force supported with weight, huge canines and 12 - centimetric claws.
I. A. Krylov “Peasant and Worker“:
the Peasant did not manage to gasp,
As a bear pressed it...
R. Kipling “World with a bear“:
Toothless, bezguby, beznosy, with the broken speech, without eyes,
Asking a handout from gate, he mutters the story -
the same since morning to deep darkness Again and again: “Do not conclude
world with the Bear that goes as we“.
Joke: the Prosecutor showed to
the certificate, but the bear was not frightened …
So, in 1823 the huge grizzly attacked the captain Smith - at first lifted up under it a horse, and then seized the rider by the head. Though the animal could be shot down, he managed to tear off to the captain an ear and almost removed a scalp from the head. It was necessary to Smith directly on the place to sew a skin tatter to the head a usual needle with a thread...
Other grizzly - known as Old Mozes - was more successful and the State of Colorado the whole 45 years - from 1869 to 1914 frightened. During this time he managed to zalomat eight hundred cows and to kill five people (the truth, only those who tried to shoot it). He left even more people stutterers because quite often liked to organize “acts of intimidation“ - crept to a fire, suddenly jumped out and with a roar rushed about on camp.
Fearlessness of bears is quite proved - in the nature they practically have no natural enemies. Quite often predators people “corrupt“: for example, despite a ban, feed up them in national parks. And then are surprised why bears visit their tents or beg, stopping cars directly on the highway.
They say that the law forbidding to awake a bear that with it is on the State of Alaska even... to be photographed (it would be desirable to look at the “hero“ who created similar precedent). Quite eloquent posters can be met also in settlements of Canada where not only brown, but also polar bears quite often visit: “Do not become object of statistics. Do not go around an animal. Do not tease it. Keep at“.
Joke: On Alaska for protection against bears the hand bell and pepper spray recommend to carry
with themselves. As a result, it is easy to distinguish a dung of a grizzly from a dung of an ordinary bear: at usual in shit the shell of nuts and fish bones, and shit of a grizzly smells of pepper, and in it hand bells come across. has enough
cretins and in Russia. Literally in a time of writing of this article on the Internet there was a video shot by some bastards from the Sakhalin region who tried to run over a bear the SUV, and eight a time in a row. However, the wounded animal managed not only to escape from - under wheels of torturers, but also in rage to tear a wheel. Hooligans were, it seems, caught, and now look for a poor bear who can quite revenge people - and absolutely innocent...
It is necessary to tell, we were already lucky that a bear not a pure predator. Like deer and boars he hunts big game infrequently. It is much simpler to use less quick production - to find drop, to catch for fish at the river during a spawning season, to find in a rotten tree of larvae, to ruin a bee nest or “to thin out“ an ant hill (found several kilograms in a stomach of one of such “gourmands“ muravyyov). It is a lot of in a bear diet and plants - leaves, berries, fruits, nuts...
To touch food to a bear at his dimensions not from a hand. By fall it is necessary to manage to acquire a solid grease layer which will “feed“ an animal during long wintering in a den. Bears suit dens where it is necessary - under a windbreak, in a cave or the hole dug in the earth. In October - November clumsy will get there and will depart to a dream.
Full hibernation it to call difficult - the body temperature of an animal falls by only 3 - 5 degrees. Therefore the bear can easily wake up from a strong irritant, unlike the same gopher who sleeps like the hardened corpse. If the woken bear does not manage to fall asleep again, then he turns in “rod“ - nervous, hungry and therefore especially dangerous.
Joke: “You love
tags, love also a chill!“ - drunk bees shouted, pulling out from a bear den on snow. by
It is surprising, but childbirth at she-bears takes place in the same winter. In fact, they represent only small “break“ in the middle of bear dreams. The born cubs remind future owners of a taiga a little - in comparison with mother they are extremely small (500 - 800 grams) and in addition are blind and deaf. In medieval “Bestiaries“ even wrote that newborn bear cubs are born shapeless, like a piece of clay, and the form to them is given by a female, licking language.
Actually after the delivery cubs crawl to maternal nipples then all family continues to sleep sluggishly and immoderately blissfully till spring. At the same time during hibernation bears do not even defecate not to dirty a den. They have a peculiar safety valve - a butt plug, and accumulated kcal once again is processed.
On spring the she-bear gets out to light with already half-meter bear cubs. Quite often to this brood (fingerlings) it is beaten last year`s (pestuna) which helps mother to look after younger.
In the following article I will tell about why the bear began to be associated, first of all, with Russia.