What is soap nutlets and why they are necessary?the mother - the nature Is generous: not only feeds - gives to drink to the person, dresses - warms, but also cares for his hygiene. Not without reason in midlatitudes she lodged a mylnyanka which roots our ancestors long since used, and in warm regions - sapindus, a soap tree.
For a long time in places of growth of a sapindus people used its fruits for washing of a body and ware, washing of clothes. Also fruits applied in traditional medicine as effective cure for skin diseases.
A soap tree - the sort of small evergreen or listopadny trees or bushes, is included into Sapindov` family. It is widespread in tropical regions of Asia and America. Karl Linney, knowing about the washing properties of this plant, appropriated it the scientific name “sapindus“ (the Indian soap) derivative of the Latin words “sapo“ - soap, and “indicus“ - Indian.
Sometimes a soap tree call a kyolreyteriya panicled of the same family which bark contains saponina. This tree is cultivated as it is decorative - garden. Kyolreyteriya is beautiful during blossoming and during fructification.
Sapindus is also good for gardening: the next long leaves, 15-40 cm, give lightness to krone. The yellow flowers collected in long to 30 cm, whisks, supplement a dress of a tree.
But the main value of this plant in fruits - berries, depending on a look they 1,5 in size - 2,5 cm. Fruits are often called soap berries, or soap nutlets. The washing properties are caused by existence in fruits of a large number (to 35 - 38%) the saponin containing foam-forming ingredients. In a fruit there is a stone having very strong cover. Locals make various jewelry of stones: brelka, necklaces, earrings.
Wood is used in shipbuilding.
The plant adversely influences the elementary organisms and insects, this quality is used for fight against harmful insects (louses, fleas) and for treatment of diseases of skin. Many medical supplies contain components of a sapindus.
Fruits of a soap tree possess poorly - sour reaction therefore are good for a body and hair - do not irritate skin and do not wash away a natural protective cover. Also they perfectly are suitable for washing of products from natural fibers.
Today people begin to be tired of a synthetic environment which promotes emergence of allergic diseases. Even more often the person remembers the forgotten recipes of far ancestors.
If climatic conditions are suitable for life of a soap tree, it can easily be grown up. Sapindus well breeds seeds. Prefers open solar places, the fertile water-permeable soil. Adult plants well transfer a drought, it is necessary to water only young trees. Soap tree with gratitude of signs periodic top dressing by organic fertilizers.
Sapindus it is possible to grow up and indoors, but it is necessary to remember that this tree and it grows to 10 - 15 meters. Only the person who has a greenhouse or a winter garden is able to afford such pleasure.
In the nature the soap tree begins to fructify in 9 - 10 years, lives till 100 years. One tree gives 25-100 kg of dried fruits a year.
Now fruits of a soap tree are on sale, as a rule, under the name “soap nutlets“. Producers after harvesting split fruits, throw out kernels, skorlupk dry up, they are up for sale. Most often on counters fruits of two types arrive: a sapindusa of Mikorossi - the North Indian look, and sapindus Trifoliatus - a dikorosly view from the South of India.
The expiration date of a soap nut is unlimited. It is necessary to store it in the dry place. At storage in the conditions of high humidity it darkens and becomes sticky, but it is not reflected in the washing qualities.
Fruits at a sapindus of Mikorossi are larger, have a slight smell of dried fruits, it is better to use them for washing, and fruits of a sapindus of Trifoliatus are suitable for washing of a body and hair more - do not dry skin.
Soap nutlets are recommended to be used to the persons having allergic and skin diseases and also children. Hair at regular washing by broth of fruits of a soap tree become silky and obedient, their growth improves, dandruff disappears.
It is possible to apply soap nutlets at a hand and machine wash. They are on sale complete with sacks in which it is necessary to presoak skorlupk.
At a hand wash it is necessary to wet in hot water about 10 skorlupok. It is desirable to cover capacity that water did not cool down longer. Minutes through ten several times to squeeze a sack that foam appeared. To wet linen, to close a cover. In 15 - 20 minutes to erase. Strongly polluted places are recommended to be rubbed as soap, a sack.
Water after washing and rinsing can be poured out in a kitchen garden, a flower bed. The same skorlupk are suitable for numerous use (4 - 5 times), after washing they need to be dried.
At a machine wash the tied sack should be placed in the washing machine drum. White clothes are recommended to be washed fruits of a sapindus of Mukorossi. Also it is necessary to consider that when washing by soap nutlets of a sapindus of Trifoliatus the linen needs to be taken out at once after the end of washing that spots from contact with a sack did not appear. Get rid of spots by means of rinsing.