Terrible and stupid or lovely and wise? The moral shape of a bear in culture ofShould be told that initial ideas of character of a bear were far from that soft and improved image which dominates in modern fairy tales and animated films.
To take at least the Russian national fairy tales where this animal looks quite terrible (“A bear the Lime leg“), but at the same time not very clever (for example, tries to get into a small teremok). Are capable to carry out it not only the Fox (“A cat and a fox“) and the peasant (“Vershoks and backs“), but even the little girl (“Masha and a bear“).
Besides, by a word “bear“ called the clumsy or rough person. For example, in N. Nekrasov`s poem “General Toptygin“ of a bear took for the general.
N. Nekrasova “General Toptygin“:
... The starichishka wants to help the barin of
Here in all bear can
our bear Began to roar!
And the inspector jumped aside:
“My God, pardon!
Forty years I served
Belief, the truth, by force;
Saw on a path
of Generals strict much, there is no
an edge, there are not enough teeth in a mouth
A of it did not see,
My God to Isusa!
the Unknown general,
Is visible, in new taste!.“ Or to take
the crude landowner from the play A. Chekhov “Bear“ according to which in 1938 the movie of the same name was shot:
“P about p about in and. You man! Rough bear! Bourbon! Monster!
With m and r N about century. How? What did you tell?
P about p about in and. I told that you a bear, the monster!
With m and r N about in (coming). Allow what you have the right to offend me?
P about p about in and. Yes, I offend... well, so? You think, I am afraid of you?
With m and r N about century. And you think that if you poetic creation, then have the right to offend with impunity? Yes? To a barrier! To be shot! It is time to be released, at last, from a prejudice that only one men are obliged to pay for insults! Equal rights so equal rights, devil take it! To a barrier!“
Well, and the most widespread fairy tale on a “bear“ subject, likely, is a story about three bears to whose house the uninvited guest appeared suddenly.
It is considered that this story gained popularity in 1830 - e years when it was published by the English poet Robert Sauti. In this transposition by the uninvited guest there was an old woman - it is necessary to tell, extremely rowdy-dowdy. The acquaintance Sauti - Eleanora Myur - even brought this history to enchanting absurdity. In its option the action takes place in Rome therefore at the end the harmful old woman jumps out of a window of the multi-storey building and... will come across a spike of the Cathedral of St Paul!
Only in 1850, thanks to Joseph Kandel, the fairy tale takes a form familiar to us and the place of the old woman is taken by the little girl (later the fairy tale will be called “A goldilocks and three bears“). In Russia a story about three bears was “untwisted“ by L. N. Tolstoy. However, in its retelling the girl remained anonymous, but all bears received names: Mikhail Ivanovich, Nastasia Petrovna and Mishutka...
The first - frankly nice - the image of a bear was published in 1894 in “the Book of the Jungle“ of Rudyard Kipling. The speech, of course, goes about Balu - the wise teacher of the Law of the jungle and good-natured (though grumbling) the adopted child`s trustee - Mowgli.
R. Kipling “Hunting of Kaa“:
“- Throw the dead netopyry on my head! Let`s me gnaw the blackened bones! Roll me in honeycombs of wild bees that they to death bit me, and bury my body together with a hyena because I am the most unfortunate bear in the world! Oh, Mowgli, Mowgli! Why I puzzled to you, but did not warn you against the Monkey People? Perhaps, I beat out the lesson set to it for today from his mind, and it will remain in the jungle one, having forgotten Great Words!
Balu pressed paws to ears and with groan rocked back and forth“.
the Second nice fantastic bear appeared 30 years later. However he is obliged by the emergence not only to the writer, but also the sick girl Margaret Shtayff from the German town of Gingen.
Chained by poliomyelitis to a wheelchair, she did not lose courage and began to make children`s toys. Soon on them there was a demand, and the girl opened a workshop, and then and the whole factory under the name of “Steiff“. The well-known teddy bear filled by sawdust and able to move paws descended from its conveyor in 1902. The toy received an award at an exhibition in Leipzig then one of Margaret`s relatives decided to win and the American market.
It with success managed it. Moreover, in the USA the bear got the world famous nickname - Teddy Bear, Teddie`s Bear cub, in honor... American president Theodor Roosevelt. Why in honor of it, it is still precisely unknown.
One assume that at a wedding of the daughter Roosevelt there was a great number of teddy bears, and they attracted to the president. According to other version - all a raspiarenny story about how during hunting Roosevelt regretted the bear who is tired out with dogs and considered unsportsmanlike to kill with fault a half-dead animal. However, the press held back that the bear as a result all - was shot down - that did not suffer. But overblew a touching story where the place of an adult predator was taken by a bear cub. Said also that the bear cub softened heart of the skilled hunter, and after that the president became the big defender of the nature. There were even cards with Roosevelt and bear cubs where the last spoke: “Thanks, Teddie!“
demonstrates To popularity of teddy bears also the fact that after death of “Titanic“ the factory let out a special series of “mourning“ toys - black color.
You not small to sleep with a teddy bear. Be a man, sleep with the present!
the teddy bear was also at Christopher Robin - the son English writer Alexander Alan Milne. We have to be grateful to this Trinity for emergence of fairy tales about Blame Down. For the first time this slowcoach inclined to poetry appeared in children`s verses of Milne. Then he was called still magnificently - an ironic name Eduard. The bear cub received the new name, thanks to two inhabitants of the London zoropark - Winnie`s she-bear (from the Canadian Winnipeg) and to a swan known as Down (actually English “Pooh“ sounds, as “Pyu - yu“ - imitation of an exhalation).
From this point nice bears and bear cubs just captivated books and screens. Especially the Soviet animators tried. Thanks to them, even adult bears practically got rid of negative lines. Yes, these animals could be ingenuous and clumsy, but mostly represented quiet, judicious good-natured persons. Quite often fantastic bear acted as a certain arbitrator or the defender weak and offended. It was not recommended to anger him, however, anyway.
In the following article you learn about what character of a bear actually...