Buttermilk: where “porcelain“ cotton grows?When I studied at school, an integral part of our education was the labor discipline. On summer vacation school students had to work the knowledge gained in a year without fail: to water flowers, to hill beds and even to do renovation.
Who then understood whether correct was “to exploit“ children? Put, on the one hand, very useful: would not accustom children to work then who know, “what would grow from us“? Especially as it is not potato to which sent to youth of my parents - only month of work in the fresh air within the city.
But the trip “on potato“ was more romantic: obligatory labor working off brought working “hands“ which were always not enough in collective farms and state farms. At the same time both cleaning of wheat, and a mowing, and even collecting cotton where in youth there went my mother-in-law, the native of Uzbekistan could become that “potato“. She told about how them, students, without fail for two months sent far to the country that they collected the cotton which is growing ripe on fields. The hard, tiresome, exhausting work - the sun mercilessly bakes, heats the head, getting thirsty, and fields boundless as the sea: where throw a look, boxes from which the snow-white soft down hangs down are visible everywhere...
White gold, blue gold...
Cotton was white gold of Uzbekistan therefore to this day it is brightly reflected in architecture, art and traditions of nice east people. As in Azerbaijan the carpets which became an integral part of great heritage of this country, so in RUZ - cotton which patterns cover with an ornament of metro station, a wall of houses and elegant dresses of beautiful east women.
For this reason one of the most beautiful farfor released by the former Soviet republic, very strongly similar to the Russian Gzhel was called so tenderly, gently and with love - “ïàõòàãóëü“.
It is not just a cotton flower on a blue background, this whole art, a milestone in the history, traditional life and life of Uzbeks and an integral part of any dastarkhan. Yes attentively in the crockery case both most likely you what is it? Look and there you will find a reminder on buttermilk - lyagana, drinking bowls, plates, teapots. Pakhtagul was on sale across all USSR and in many houses remained to this day.
Gzhel and buttermilk - the sisters called
China is in general classics. Since that moment when it for the first time appeared in China, there passed many years: only 10 centuries later cunning representatives of Celestial Empire decided to remove the ware in the Old World.
Europeans, greedy to beauty, then were ready to tear and spend her hands and teeth for porcelain purchase a fantastic sum - for this reason such ware was a sign of the status, wealth and situation in society. Only in the 18th century, thanks to efforts of the German alchemist Betger who, at last, revealed a great secret of his production porcelain began to appear at first in Europe, then in Russia, and after and across all USSR.
I not without reason mentioned Gzhel with unique Xing - a white decor and magic lists. For the first time this porcelain appeared in a handicraft look in the 17th century, industrial scales of its production belong to 1812 when in Gzhel 25 large plants were started.
Skillful masters painted porcelain with blue paint: stripes, small patterns, bright colors - it left very elegant as the marriageable bride in gently - blue “dress“. Same, as well as magic buttermilk - the Uzbek porcelain, nothing conceding Gzhel on beauty.
East people are already hospitable: come on a spark into any house - and for you all will put on a table, than owners are rich, but will never release hungry. And if you are a long-awaited guest, then dastarkhan will cover to you directly in cotton palms - in buttermilk, traditional for Uzbekistan.
Later and after collapse of the USSR buttermilk still make years cotton Patterns on your palms, however, already without the sign “Anko“ that means on Farsi a fantastic bird - a mythical symbol of beauty, flight and, of course, the quality characterizing production of the well-known Tashkent porcelain plant. It was constructed in 1953 that from now on and forever (?) to provide with qualitative ware of the republic of Central Asia.
How there was a wish, today “Buttermilk“ is not possible to find out authorship of a unique Uzbek pattern: both masters, and plant, and the sacraments connected with production of ware sank into oblivion - only buttermilk remained.
Certainly, in Uzbekistan create also other services with own drawing - cotton, fiery, fantastic, but remains to the most recognizable pakhtagul. And though some confuse it to buttermilk - cream - the product which is formed at oil knocking down, directly buttermilk is absolutely another.
It is marvelous, thin and gentle flowers, unique east lists Xing - white color which as if hide in depths of crockery cases, these are the indestructible and checked by time traditions, it is long history of the blossoming, hospitable and smiling east people.
It is the most real holiday on your table, magic and a miracle into which with ease simple tea drinking turns if to season it with sweet of a food and abundance of the viands which are laid out on a palm of a surprising, fantastic and touching flower of the cotton waving on wind. And a name to it - pakhtagul.