Dog soap. How to use this plant?In ancient times the root of a mylnyanka (saponariya) was held in high esteem: it was applied to washing of a body, washing of linen, washing of ware, treatment of many diseases, in cookery as cosmetic. Today decorative forms of a saponariya decorate gardens, and adherents of natural production cook shampoos and soap from a root of a medicinal mylnyanka.
Saponariya received the Latin name from the word “sapo“ - soap. In the people it call dog soap, a soap grass, a soap root, chistukhy, a mylnik that fully reflects old use. Saponina, in a large number contained in roots, in water form alkaline foam. The root and rhizomes of a saponariya are called “red soap kornen“.
Rod Saponariya is included into family Clove. About thirty of its types grow in Europe and Asia. White, pink, less often yellow flowers are collected in golovchaty or panicled inflorescences.
The most known to us the mylnyanka medicinal, in a wild look grows in valleys of the rivers, on edges, waste grounds. She is a frequent guest on rural farmsteads where are glad to it - especially for an evening fragrance. Blossoming is long: from June to September. If after the first wave of blossoming to cut off stalks on two thirds, the mylnyanka will plentifully blossom after a while again.
In floriculture, except a mylnyanka medicinal, the mylnyanka bazilikolistny - a low, evergreen, pochvopokrovny plant is widespread. In a wild look it meets in the Southern and the Central Europe on slopes of mountains, in stony districts, in the pine woods. In culture this look is unpretentious, perfectly feels on solar fertile sites. Does not love stagnation of moisture. There is enough zasukhostoyek, but in a dry season for preservation of decorative effect it is better to water.
Wreckers avoid a mylnyanka bazilikolistny, diseases also avoid it. If in severe winters freezes, then it is quickly restored by the showered seeds which perfectly remain in the soil till spring.
Flowers it is not enough - fragrant, pink, red, white are more rare, reveal at the beginning of summer. If after blossoming to cut stalks to 5 cm, then in August - September there will come the second wave of blossoming. It is possible to make multiple copies seeds, division of a bush, a cherenkovaniye.
Mylnyanka bazilikolistny well is suitable for stony sites, fixing of solar slopes, borders. Kamnelomk, a sage, yaskolka, solntsetsveta, hand bells can be her neighbors.
In culture use also other decorative types, such as:
- Olivan`s mylnyanka - the low plant, to 5 cm, forms dense small pillows, one-time - lilac flowers decorate them in June - July;
- Lemperdzhi`s mylnyanka - to 40 cm, has arcuate escapes, flowers is red - orange reveal in July - August;
- a mylnyanka yellow - 5 - 15 cm high, flowers faintly - yellow.
In traditional medicine the soap root is used as excellent expectorant means, sudorific, diuretic, krovoochistitelny, glistogonny, at diseases of joints and integuments. Roots dig out in the early spring or late fall, wash out and dry up.
Saponariya - a toxic plant, it is possible to use her for treatment only after consultation with the attending physician. At a proglatyvaniye of seeds there comes poisoning.
I think that it is more interesting to try a soap root as raw materials for preparation of natural shampoos. Use of the shampoo welded on the basis of a mylnyanka root will make your hair more live, soft, obedient, will improve their growth and will stop excessive loss.
So, we take 30 - 50 g of a soap root, we crush, we fill in with the purified boiling water, densely we close, we wrap up and we leave at several o`clock. After that we bring to boiling and we boil on slow fire about 15 minutes. We remove from fire, we add the grass suitable for your type of hair, we close, we draw minutes forty. Then we filter and we use. Such shampoo can be stored in the refrigerator within a week. It is possible in ready broth to add an oil teaspoon jojoba and 15 - 20 drops of the favourite essential oil.