Modern technologies. What professions will replace robots?robots in life seemed Until recently a fantasy from an era of “star wars“. However technologies are improved, and already today any can go to shop and buy the robot - the vacuum cleaner which will clean the apartment. What further how soon the robot will replace you on a workplace?
Almost each of us is pleased by improvement and development of technologies. 10 years ago recognition of the conjoint speech seemed inaccessible to computers, and today my tablet with Android quite surely distinguishes voice inquiries (and in Russian). Until recently the pocket computer was only able to display the text and simple graphics, and today and 8 - nuclear processors not a rarity any more.
Recognition of images, speeches, persons, gestures - now is already quite solvable technical tasks. Processor power in phone or a house router, perhaps, surpasses today the power of supercomputers of NASA which counted flight of the person on the Moon.
All this is good, but there is also a reverse side - what systems become more perfect, subjects the most part “human“ they will be able to perform works. Certainly, this is not about “revolt of cars“ - no, people also with great pleasure will put robots on workplaces. It is much more favorable to owner of any firm to establish “piece of iron“, than to employ the person who should pay a salary, the sick-list and who can leave at an inopportune moment. It is only a question of the price and payback - as Americans, “tell nothing personal, to just business“. What to do to the person who was left without work? Well, rescue of drowning...
However, nothing in this world is new - revolts of workers which broke sewing machines, were 100 years ago. What can robots today?
On a habit it seems to much that the robot is the bulky car capable only to put the clamps on the conveyor, however it for a long time not so. For example, according to geektimes, IBM Watson supercomputer capable to understand the speech in different languages replaced in the Canadian city of Surrey the whole information bureau - really, information search can do the computer much quicker than the person (by the way, the similar computer won in 2011 in The Game broadcast, having answered questions it is better than “living“ participants).
And even the supercomputer is not obligatory at all. The simplest example - the order of a taxi. Before people called the dispatcher and ordered the car. Already the smartphone suffices: the program on the smartphone transfers the coordinates to the server which automatically selects the next free car (the driver has a similar program which transfers coordinates of the car) and transfers the order to her driver. Whether it is necessary to say that the dispatcher sitting at phone is not necessary here any more? Cheaper system allows drivers to dump or even to use illegal schemes - as a result only in France the wave of massive strikes of taxi drivers from which mobile applications take away profit already swept.
And it only the beginning - in the form of prototypes there are also pilotless cars capable to go independently on the city (systems of recognition of obstacles and road signs are already developed). Analysts from Morgan Stanley believe that within 20 years such cars will be widely adopted. So, alas, taxi drivers are waited by sad prospect... In the subway, for example, such systems already work - automatic transfer lines of the subway are in Paris (see a photo), London, Barcelona, Rome and some other the cities.
Which - that changed already now. In some supermarkets of St. Petersburg there are automatic cash desks - the client brings goods to the reader a stroke - codes, then invests money, the automatic machine gives change. In the subway also automatic machines for sale of counters appeared - here it only begins to take root, and in the German cities, for example, there are no cashiers in the subway at all. According to some forecasts, in the next 20 years can disappear (or strongly to change) to 47% of the existing professions.
The problem in general is rather global. Scientists from Oxford analysed and made a rating of professions which can be replaced with automatic machines. By their calculations, to “the first five“ of risk groups cashiers, judges, accountants, drivers of buses, bartenders and waiters get. In the middle of the list - drivers of trains, pilots and (strangely enough) actors. And, at last, professions to which automation practically does not threaten are doctors, surgeons, veterinarians, choreographers and engineers. More complete list can be found in the comment to article.
In general it is possible to assume that “revolt of cars“ not far off. And it will be not flying “Liquid Terminator“ from the fantastic movie, and an ordinary-looking box with the inscription “Intel Inside“ which your chief will connect to a network and will tell that it does not need your services any more.
However, it is obvious that creative or technically difficult professions will be actual always. So to the young people especially only choosing where to go to study, it is worth thinking of it seriously: if the chosen profession can be easily automated, there is a serious occasion to look for something else. For the present time is.