The queen of aromas - a tuberose. What is it attractive by?the Tuberose, refined and modest, sung by Byron, was a favourite in the Versailles park at the time of Ludovic the Fourteenth government. It was appreciated by perfumers, in the east named the queen of night, the queen of aromas, the king of smells.
Practically all flowers have a smell on which they can be recognized even blindly. Not to confuse a fragrant rose with fragrant aroma of a mattiola, honey - a thyme, unique, spicy - lavenders, charming - lilacs. There are plants, for example, a stapeliya having such unpleasant smell that only flies enjoy it.
And here the tuberose is interesting that it during the day changes the aroma three times: will turn back a gentle gillyflower, a delightful acacia, a charming hyacinth. Aroma is so saturated that in the warm windless evenings extends to 10 - 15 meters around the blossoming plant.
The main advantage of a tuberose - white fragrant flowers which appear on the tsvetonosa extended to 50 - 60 cm and are collected in friable kolosovidny inflorescences. Flowers quite large, to 6 cm in the diameter, reveal in July - August. In cut remain about two weeks.
Aroma of flowers difficult, exotic, sweet. Extract of flowers is widely used in the perfumery industry. Many French perfume thanks to a tuberose has unique, pleasant aroma. Tuberose oil - one of the most expensive. For receiving one liter it is necessary to process about a ton of flowers.
Except perfumery qualities the tuberose is allocated with medicinal properties. It is applied in dermatology, oil humidifies and refreshes skin. Also promotes elimination of developments of stagnation in a small basin, it is applied at a menopause, an impotentnost, frigidity. According to phytotherapists, aroma of a tuberose removes a nervous tension, a stress, helps to relax, improves mood.
Though at the name of this plant there is a word “rose“, with the queen of flowers it has nothing in common. The name is given as root system: tuber - with Latin “tuber“. Singaporeans gave it the interesting and romantic name “hinkhiao“ that means “on what have a rest at the night of a butterfly“.
A tuberose, or Poliantes, - the tuberiferous, perennial plant, belongs to family Asparagus. Experts consider that its homeland is the territory of present Mexico, to Europe is delivered only in the 17th century. Indians called it “a bone flower“ probably for white wax flowers.
The tuberose was very popular in old times, today interest in it grew cold. On Gavayakh decorated with garlands from a tuberose the groom and the bride, in India - the bride`s sari.
The queen of aromas admired many poets and inspired on the birth of romantic lines.
A. Gradsky spoke:
“The gentle smell of tuberoses
Casts sweet of dreams“.
And here B. Pasternak wrote about it with grief:
“I drink bitterness of tuberoses...“
B. Zhukovsky saw in it beauty symbol:
“And a tuberose - an emblem
of Pure beauty“.
In language of flowers the tuberose means love to risk and dangerous pleasures, it is also considered a love symbol.
In our regions this plant does not winter in an open ground. But bulbous tubers in February - March can be landed in pots on depth about one centimeter, previously having wetted for about thirty minutes in growth factor solution.
When average daily temperature will be established within 15 degrees, it is possible to land in an open ground on the solar place. The tuberose loves moisture: during the hot, dry period it is regularly necessary to water. Well responds on top dressing.
If the plant did not blossom, then with cold weather approach it should be replaced in a pot and to bring to the room. In house conditions it, as a rule, blossoms.
Bulbous tubers and children it is necessary to store in the apartment or the dry cellar at a temperature of 10 - 18 degrees, having poured sand.