How the sunk galleon became the main exhibit of the museum? Tragedy and greatness of the royal ship “Vaasa“. Part 2the Royal galleon of “Vaasa“ which passed on water of only 1300 meters was based upon a bottom exactly 333 years. And at last found immortality...
History of the sunk fighting vessel which was not fated to take part in one fight is surprising.
Found it nearby islands Bekholmen in 1956, and five years later, in 1961 - m - lifted upward and placed in the certain building. Nearly twenty next years were devoted to carrying out thorough reconstruction of a galleon.
Started construction of the new museum intending for the one and only exhibit in 1987. Process continued three years. The ceremonial opening of the Museum “Vaasa“ took place on June 15, 1990.
The sunk galleon was found by one of chief specialists on voyenno - the sea history XVI-XVII of centuries of Sweden - Anders Fransen. The whole five years he was engaged in studying of archives that allowed it to define location of the fighting vessel. For successful searches it made a special probe. It brought quite good result: On August 25, 1956 this device rose by a surface, having taken together with itself a piece of strongly turned black oak wood.
Several days later on coordinates which were specified by Anders Fransen the diver by the name of Per Edwin was sent to Felting. In utter darkness of deep waters he managed to feel something, having very large sizes. Existence of the gun ports located in two ranks did not leave the slightest doubts - the well-known royal galleon of “Vaasa“ was a find.
Now the raising of the four-deck giant on a surface was a paramount task.
“Save “Wasu“!“ - such loud and laconic name was carried by large-scale campaign which immediately captured all Sweden. Nobody remained indifferent: various enterprises, large influential funds and ordinary individuals helped who as could, providing necessary materials and sums of money. In addition, the saving company “Neptun“ absolutely free of charge provided reliable lifting devices, and the Swedish fleet - necessary vessels.
It is possible to present in what dangerous and heavy situation divers as the sunk ship was surrounded with ground deposits and layers of silt had to work. For a raising of “Vasa“ it was necessary to punch not less than six tunnels in these deposits and to pass through them under the bottom of the vessel filled with stone ballast, the most powerful ropes made of the strongest steel.
In 1959 successfully lifted ship appeared between a surface and a bottom. Thus, it was possible to begin a restoration stage. It should be noted that all wooden parts of a galleon, thanks to characteristic of the Baltic Sea, remained in perfect tune. From - for the fact that its waters differ in low degree of salinity it is extremely adverse for the dangerous enemy of natural wood - a cockleshell - the grinder. And here the stern of a galleon needed partial restoration. Besides, it was necessary to establish strong bolts for a fastening of wooden details and reliable hatches for gun ports.
The solemn moment of a raising of a royal galleon of “Vaasa“ on a surface took place on April 24, 1961 and was recorded by numerous TV cameras. Thanks to the ideal safety the ship floated right after water was pumped out from its huge case. Having towed off it in dock, began to carry out the subsequent restoration works.
Each kilogram of the oak case of the vessel contained one and a half liters of water. To protect wood, the ship began to be irrigated with solution of polymeric substance of polyethyleneglycol. This compulsory procedure was carried out for the whole seventeen years. However, and now the galleon remains too sensitive to influence of light, and also fluctuations of temperature and humidity - for this reason examine it in the darkened room. The museum with the steel masts established on a roof, the appearance bears a faint resemblance to the ship.
One of museum halls is devoted to the moment of leaving of “Vasa“ on a bottom. Also huge place in an exposition is given to fascinating history of detection of the vessel and its rise.
Huge interest in visitors is caused by several tens of thousands of various objects which were onboard “Vasa“. Among them - home decoration of the ship, officer trunks, board games, clothes, tools, and also the small ring from gold which is the only remained jewelry.