Whether there are in Russia places with “peace“ atomic explosions?Opposition of the USSR with the USA turned back, as we know, race of arms. At the same time special emphasis was put on tests and accumulation of nuclear warheads.
Data on tests on grounds are already declassified. They concern not only tests in the Semipalatinsk area of Kazakhstan, but also on the archipelago Novaya Zemlya. Respectively, also data in the USA are made public. But the signature stamp “confidentially“ there still remains on some documents. In particular, data on the atomic explosions made in the “noble“ purposes are not in full open. In the territory of the former USSR such explosions were too. Where exactly and how many they made?
We will take the declassified documents to which there is free access of journalists for a reference point. It is officially recognized what with 1965 and till 1988 in the USSR was carried out 124 “it is national - economic“ blasting. At the same time, at least, three of them proceeded in an emergency situation. Explosions “the Globe - 1“ (Ivanovo region), “the Craton - 3“ and “Crystal“ are referred to emergency (both in Yakutia). According to the academician Alexey Yablokov, in the USSR carried out 186 “noble“ peaceful explosions from 196 planned. Just not still, he considers, it is declassified.
In particular, almost nothing leaked out into mass media about an emergency at explosion “Taiga“. And situation there and now not simple. In total Tsniiatominrform in 1994 (when there was a declassification) reported that pollution by dangerous radioactive materials (on a surface and in the atmosphere) happened to their emission in 24 cases.
In what regions of Russia peace nuclear charges were undermined? (Whom data in general across the USSR interest - you look on the Internet). Here list in alphabetical order.
In the territory of the Arkhangelsk region - 4 explosions, Astrakhan - 15, Bashkiria - 7, Ivanovskaya - 1, Irkutsk - 2, Kalmykia - 1, the Kemerovo region - 1, Komi - 3, Krasnoyarsk Krai - 9, Murmansk region - 2, Orenburg - 4, Perm - 8, Stavropol Krai - 1, the Tyumen region - 8, Chita - 1, Yakutia - 12.
For what purposes all this became? Problems were solved the following: geological investigation of new fields by means of seismography; activization impoverished petro - and gas-bearing layers; formation of long-term underground storages for oil and gas; suppression of the underground fires; creation of underground capacities for dumping into them of chemical waste; a soil sketch for dams; trim of methane in coal mines.
From this list it is visible that the part of problems could be solved also without nuclear explosions. However, it would demand considerable amount of time. Nuclear explosions the spent time for the decision “contracted“ about one minutes. “Went off with a bang“ and is not present a problem, everything is solved. But there were other problems. About them still it is a little told and written. Let`s address elementary conclusions of experts in nuclear power (everything available on the Internet too).
Main conclusion. During nuclear underground explosion on the ground there is almost full allocation of energy, all components of a warhead are destroyed almost completely. In other words, showiness of explosion approaches 99%. But, of course, there is very high radiation. If she escapes from a well with gases, then there will be radioactive infection of the district (so happened at Semipalatinsk Test Site). It is clear, what safety requirements on the ground tried to observe as it is possible more strictly.
One more conclusion. Peaceful nuclear explosions were often conducted in densely populated territories. At the same time it was not absolutely clear as as will occur in a subsoil after explosion at a depth of one - two kilometers. At Semipalatinsk Test Site a subsoil is rather stable and there the sparsely populated district. It turns out, underground nuclear gin in other territory of the USSR was more dangerous than Semipalatinsk. However, the power of the charges used in the peace purposes was 10 times less. Nevertheless there are reasons for alarm.
At peace atomic explosions there was an incomplete allocation of energy (especially in emergency cases). Residual radioactive materials in cavities of a subsoil can be taken out by water, rise to a surface at a motion of layers. And such motions occur constantly. Besides, radioactive was oil on those fields on which production was intensified underground atomic explosion. The part of oil industry workers received a life-threatening dose of radiation. It is necessary to consider also that water can take out for a long time radioactive elements to drinking and other sources. To accurately track this process and to somehow prevent it extremely difficult.
No economic benefits reached at peace atomic explosions justify Ministry of Atomic Energy of the USSR. A question only in the one who and when will forbid on our planet use of atom in the projects which did not pass environmental assessment. However, in times when peaceful explosions were conducted, nobody thought of consequences. That “demolition men“ will go to Moscow, and the people it will be necessary to live on a flank with gunpowder. And when it “will ecologically jerk“ - it is not known.