Martiniya - claws of a devil. Why it so is called and than is useful?the African amulet, a mine of Indians and medicinal tubers can be received with little effort, having grown up in the garden a martiniya fragrant. It is called still: devil claws, claw of a devil, forest spider.
Martiniya is fragrant, the native of North America, received so frightening names thanks to the firm fruit box supplied with hook-shaped outgrowths. As historians report, Indians spun from these boxes of a basket and displayed them on tracks, arranging thus similarity of minefields on which enemies did not decide to go.
Rod Martiniya from Martiniyevye`s family is presented by one look - a martiniya fragrant. This annual plant has the hollow, strongly branching stalk. Leaves are large, to 25 cm, settle down on long scapes. All parts of a plant are covered with dense sticky omission.
Pink or whitish, it is dark - red, dark-violet with it is red - florets are collected by lilac specks in clustery inflorescences. By the form the flower reminds a gloxinia.
In 18 - 19 centuries the martiniya was delivered to Africa, Australia, Europe and Asia. In Africa she well fitted into local landscapes and was appreciated by locals - its tubers apply more than a quarter of the millennium there in the medical purposes. Tubers have no smell, but possess pleasant taste, also use them for preparation of tea under the name “devil claws“.
Industrial thickets of a martiniya fragrant are in the steppes of Namibia and areas bordering on the Kalahari Desert.
Apply devil claws at various diseases, but their main appointment - treatment of joints. They are especially effective at arthritises and the deforming osteoarthroses. This plant renders anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic action on joints.
Martiniya fragrant is included in a pharmacopeia of some countries of Europe under the name “garpagofitum“. Glycosides, carbohydrates, flavonida are a part of its tubers. Researches showed that preparations from a martiniya work like a cortisone - reduce joint pain and connecting fabrics, strengthen skeletal system. In medical practice the extract of tubers and various biologically active agents emitted from them is applied.
Before accepting martiniya preparations, consultation of the attending physician is necessary for . Also it is necessary to know that it is contraindicated at pregnancy, ulcer diseases of a stomach and duodenum.
In our regions the martiniya fragrant is grown up as decorative culture and for receiving horned boxes which can be used as an original amulet.
Cultivation of this plant does not present special difficulties. For the best germination flower growers recommend to file slightly seeds an emery paper and for the night to wet in warm water. To land in an easy fertile soil. After emergence of shoots it is regular to water.
When kids will get stronger, to land them on the constant solar place in a friable fertile soil. For receiving more magnificent copies of a plant it is desirable to water once a week.
Martiniya treats drought-resistant plants, with ease will transfer any heat, not without reason she perfectly got accustomed in the south of Africa.