What to choose a tree? Can be a willow?....you Think what still a tree to put at yourself on the seasonal dacha? Their choice is not small, but now we will stop on willows. Especially, if you have a reservoir - the picture with a weeping willow over water is right there drawn... But not any willow will well feel in a midland, and especially in Siberia.
But such grades are. Namely, it is willows of Sverdlovsk selection, they are absolutely unpretentious and frost-resistant.
Authors of these grades Veniamin Shaburov and his daughter Irina Belyaeva working in the Botanical garden of the Ural office of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Sverdlovsk (nowadays Yekaterinburg).
I want will stop on grades of a willow twisting as the willow of such grade grows in my garden already many years.
Sometimes gardeners confuse them to a willow of a matsudan (S. matsudana) of `Tortuosa` which often meets on sale. This grade is frosted over at us on the snow level, a tree to grow up it will not turn out. The disappointed summer residents, having faced this phenomenon, cease to dream of an interesting tree with a twisting trunk, branches and even leaves. Upon purchase it is necessary to specify a grade“ twisting“ and to buy Sverdlovsk willows which in our climate feel excellently are absolutely frost-resistant and grow to the declared sizes.
Willows twisting several grades, they differ in height, a form of krone and still some characteristics.
Here the quote about them from the Encyclopedia of plants.
‘Sverdlovsk Twisting 1’ Salix babylonica var. tortuosa x S. x ‘Pamiati Mindovskogo’ (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 1’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). Small, harmonous tree about 4 m high. Twisting branches and escapes form spherical or wide oval, average density krone. Escapes it is reddish - brown, umerennoplakuchy. Tortuosity of escapes is expressed stronger, than at parental forms. The willow does not blossom. Breeds short, to 5 cm, shanks. Ukorenyaemost of shanks about 70 - 100%. The willow is a little damaged by wreckers and diseases. Well transfers change and cutting.
‘Sverdlovsk Twisting 2’ Salix babylonica var. tortuosa x S. alba var. recticapus (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 2’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). High, harmonous, fast-growing, to 12 m, a tree. Combines a krone piramidalnost with tortuosity of escapes and leaves. Escapes olive to it is reddish - brown color. Leaves light-green, poorly trimmed. Ukorenyaemost of shanks of 100%. It is poorly damaged by wreckers and diseases.
‘Sverdlovsk Twisting 3’ Salix babylonica var. tortuosa x S. pentandra (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 3’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). Tree up to 5 m high. Krone widely - pyramidal average density. Both escapes, and leaves are twisting. It is moderately damaged by wreckers and diseases. Has high, up to 100%, an ukorenyaemost of shanks.
‘Sverdlovsk twisting 476’ Salix x [S. babylonica var. tortuosa x (S. alba x S. blanda)] (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 476’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). A tree 2,5 m high with oval krone. Branches twisting light-olive, are covered with the peeling film of a wax raid. One-year escapes very thin, short, it is reddish - brown. Leaves are dense, twisting, strongly narrowed to a top. The Ukorenyaemost of shanks to 90%. Differs from initial parental forms in bigger winter hardiness, the best ukorenyaemost of escapes, low-tallness and thinner escapes.
‘Sverdlovsk twisting 576’ Salix x [S. babylonica var. tortuosa x (S. alba x blanda)] (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 576’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). A tree with plakuchy krone and twisting escapes, according to the characteristics very similar to the previous kultivar. Undersized willow.
‘Sverdlovsk twisting 676’ Salix x [S. babylonica var. tortuosa x (S. alba x blanda)] (S. x ‘Sverdlovskaja Isvilistaja 676’ V. Schaburov et I. Beljaeva). A tree with plakuchy krone and twisting escapes, according to the characteristics very similar to two previous kultivar. Undersized willow.
I bought the willow as it is simple “Sverdlovsk twisting“ without number. In May on it nice yellow ear rings appear. The krone initially at it grows piramidalno. But in what a charm of all willows, it is possible to cut and give them mercilessly any form what you want.
I grow up the tree on a shtamba about one and a half meters high. Very nice ball on a leg with the branches which are hanging down almost to the earth turns out. For this purpose 2 times during the summer, early in the spring and in August I cut its branches directing up. In the first years by means of a wire formed the direction of branches.
Shanks of this willow easily give backs in water and well get accustomed.
Except spherical shape, these trees can be grown up in pyramidal, plakuchy and sprawling. It is possible at small distance from a specific point a soliter that its strange twisting forms were visible, it is possible to land the whole avenue or with the tops directed in the sky, or to cut and force kroner to be closed among themselves that arches turned out.
Willows twisting are good at all seasons of the year as they are unusual and interesting by “tortuosity“. Everything I recommend to plant at myself in a garden such wonderful tree, it will take the worthy place and will cause many delighted responses.