Rus Articles Journal

Who constructed sugar plant, the first in Russia? E. I. Blankennagel in this case a priority testified

Unlike other ancient economic innovations which authors it is sometimes difficult to establish the reskript the emperor Alexander I. In October, 1803 he signed the decree on granting privileges the general - to the major Blankennagel who founded in the village of Alyabyevo of the Chernsky County of the Tula province “the first sugar plant in Russia“.

This Egor Ivanovich Blankennagel (apprx. 1750 - 1813) was a curious figure there is a son of the Russified German who located in Russia at Catherine II, the graduate of artillery military school. Contemporaries characterized it as famous adherent about domestic housekeeping. And on an economic path it was put, one may say, by Ekaterina - the decision to send at the end of 1770 - x years three - four hundred soldiers for leading of spring water from Yauza to Moscow.

“The water team“ was headed by the engineer - the captain Blankennagel. At this work he not only grew up in ranks to the general - the major, the gentleman of the Order of Saint George 4 - y degrees, but also acquired extensive communications and acquaintances, found organizational, economic and technical experience. Well and, of course, it could not refuse business intuition in any way. And it prompted that production of sugar can become very profitable business.

Then in Russia there were active searches of substitute to imported reed of which did this sweet product. It cost, naturally, much and was on a pocket only to wealthy people. Egor Ivanovich watched closely the course of experiments on import substitution and one of the first visited: inventor Yakov Stepanovich Yesipov (? - 1805) in the manor situated near Moscow for the first time received sugar from beet, having purified its juice lime - this method, by the way, is applied and today. Without thinking twice, Blankennagel also drove to him with the offer in common to construct plant: your technology, my money, construction experience and communications - in other words, representation. Hit on hands, and by the beginning of a season of sugar refining of 1802 - 1803 on the bank of the rivulet Studenets appeared plant on production of beet sugar. For the first year it made three hundred poods of a sweet product.

In what - what, and in own communications Egor Ivanovich of the partner did not deceive, punched - the imperial decree on privileges to plant. However, Yesipov in this reskript it was not mentioned in any way. You should not blame in the emperor`s volume, of course, - hardly he could know about the difficult relations which developed between partners therefore “appointed“ the founder of plant of one Blankennagel. And gave preferences to it such that just right to envy modern businessmen: 50 - the thousand returnable loan for 20 years with repayment from treasury of percent in the first 10 years, the right to sell everywhere “at the free prices the alcohols manufactured by it to 1000 buckets“ and other very essential privileges.

Cooperation of the capital and intelligence came to the end with a rupture of the contract: “Incongruity of our customs forced us to disperse“, - Yesipov delicately wrote about it. Yakov Stepanovich, in particular, did not like aspiration of the partner to attribute itself merits in prosperity of the innovative enterprise. However business was already generally adjusted and Blankennagel could swing profit alone. “This production reached deliberate degree of perfection there“, - professor of the Moscow university chemist Fedor Fedorovich Reys in the book of 1808 of the edition devoted to plant in Alyabyev wrote. However, the monopolist Egor Ivanovich stayed not for long: in 1810 10 sugar plants in the Tula, Oryol, Ryazan, Tambov, Penza and Kaluga provinces worked.

… In July, 1812 the prince Dmitry Mikhaylovich Volkonsky (1769 - 1835) made in the diary record about a lunch with Blakennagel in club. At a table they spoke “about means to protivustat to Napoleon`s plans“: Egor Ivanovich as if felt that he will cost much to him personally. And it is valid, when burning Moscow the warehouses hammered with production of a sakharozavodchik died. Blankennagel did not give a sign that finance it came to frustration - he continued to rotate in light, in the spring of 1813 was even elected the foreman of the English club. But did not manage to rise to the feet and here still came it is time to return 50 - the thousand credit …

Egor Ivanovich died, without having managed to satisfy a debt. The plant in Alyabyev endured it on half a century and burned down in the middle of 1860 - x years.