Rus Articles Journal

How fed the soldier in World War I? And in the Second?

Speak, at the end of 19 century the mass of peasants lived in poverty so that many peasants for the first time tasted meat in army. Well, we got acquainted with modern army giving meat recently. For “to try“ it, maybe, and there is enough. And how it was “at the tsar“? And a little later, “at communists“?

Recently I spoke about recent changes in food of the Russian soldiers. According to reviews, new norms plus “buffet“ are quite good. But everything is learned by

in comparison. And how fed army earlier? Let`s take the sign periods: 1941 - 45 g and the beginning of 20 century, before World War I. Russian and Red army. Especially, food is and preparation, supply, and actually providing troops with ready food.

Army norms share on:

- barracks and marching

- peace and a wartime

- front and rear

the Ration 1899:

- provisions (was given products)

- privarochny

and

- tea money

Everything is given for a company; where prepares.

Norms of delivery (grams, peace time); 19k/days; 70 r / year: Rye bread - 1230

or Crackers - 819

or Flour - 927

of Grain - 136

Privarochny money:

Myaso307gr.

Vegetables, pepper, fat, oil, flour, seasonings - 2. 5 kopeks

Tea money:

Tea - 2

Sugar - 25 gr.

Norms (wartime):

rye bread / Crackers - 2254/1539

of the Croup - 238

Privarochny money / in kind:

Meat / Meat + canned meat - 716/307+409. 5

Vegetables fresh / dried - 255/17gr.

Oil cow / fat - 21

wheat flour - 17

Tea money / in kind:

Tea - 2

Sugar - 25

With transition to dragged-out war (1915) meat could be replaced with corned beef.

But it for the lower ranks. Officers received an allowance money (rub/year):

- junior officers in all types of military forces - 96

- chiefs of machine-gun teams and the Art. officers of art batteries - 180

- commanders of companies, squadrons, educational teams - 360

- commanders of separate field companies and separate hundreds - 480

- commanders of battalions, room of the commander of a regiment, commanders of companies of serf artillery, junior officers of artillery crews - 600

- the commander of the art battery - 900

- the commander of detached battalion, an art. a division - 1056

- the commander of a regiment, the commander of not separate crew - 2700

- the commander of art crew - 3300

- the chief of separate shooting, kavleriysky crew - 330

- the chief of a division - 4200

- the commander of the case - 5700

At impossibility to buy products from the population, to officers was allowed to get products to a regiment for all-round price on soldier`s norms.

In a wartime also the rations to families of recruits and rebels including were allocated.

“Meat pound“ of a soldier`s diet - meat, without bones. Well … on norm. Naturally, in practice it, as well as quality of other food, depended …

A in Soviet period?

of Norm of 1941 are accepted before the war, in May 41. In the fall 41 - are reconsidered from - for shortages of the food and further were corrected on a situation. And in 1915 the ration was reduced!

a diet Basis - bread, grain, macaroni, potatoes and vegetables. meat and fish, and also tea, sugar, salt, seasonings and spices (a tomato - paste, pepper, bay leaf, vinegar, mustard).

Products - approximately the same that in 1914. A difference in a proportion: in 1940 - x there is much less meat / fish. But there is a lot of potatoes which were almost not earlier, and vegetables. Before war in a diet there was a white bread, in the fall 41 replaced rye. In military units it was limited to it, the diet of others was still reduced.

So, pre-war (they military for military units) norms (gr / days):

- bread - 800 g (in a cold season - 900)

- potatoes - 500

- fresh / sauerkraut, carrots, beet, onions, greens - 320

- grain and macaroni - 170

- meat - 150

- fish - 100

- compound lard and fat - 30, vegetable oil - 20

- sugar - 35

- makhorka - 20 monthly - as

paper - smoking books (paper) - 7/month, matches - 3 boxes.

In cold areas in addition: - fat - 25

the Average / highest komsostav in addition received

:

- butter / fat - 40

- fish canned food - 50

- cookies - 20

- cigarettes - 25

- matches - 10 boxes. / month

In noncombat parts the diet was reduced (gr. / days):

- bread - on 100

- meat - on 30, fish on 20

- grain / macaroni - on 30

- fats - on 5

- sugar - on 10

Aircrew, military units:

- bread - 800 (on 400 rye and wheat) - grain and macaroni - 190

- potatoes - 500 385

- vegetables - 390

- meat and a bird - 390

- fish - 80

- 90 -

sugar - milk is fresher than

- 200, condensed - 20

- cottage cheese - 20

- sour cream - 10

- egg - 0,5 90

- butter - 5, vegetable - 5

- cheese - 20

- dried fruits for

compote - fruit extract

Since 1942 non-smoking instead of tobacco is given 200 gr. chocolate / 300 gr. candies in a month.

is natural, if necessary the dry ration was given.

Though the organization of supply, cooking and its delivery to actually parts - a subject, worthy separate article.

I Think, everyone also will compare to - and after - revolutionary diets. Only we will consider: 1913 - economic recovery peak; 1941 - hardly stabilization after “hole“. And at all difficulties, in World War I nevertheless there was no so heavy situation, as in the Second. By 42nd year of the USSR lost nearly a half of acreage …

still the nutrition value of a diet of 1941

the Nutrition value, military norms Is.

Military units, / at: 103 67 587, caloric content is 3450

the Back: 84 56 508, caloric content of 2954

Flight parts: 171 125 694, caloric content 4712

did not find norms of caloric content of 1913, but it is possible to compare diets. At the same time to compare, for example, to modern.

That! It became better to live, to live it became more cheerful!