Rus Articles Journal

How the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto and a vase are connected by Sava?

of VAZ of Aalto, with her soft bends and graceful lines, and look today is so delightful, as well as nearly 80 years ago. History of its creation is unusual. Also the production technology which can be seen personally, on travel through towns and villages of the Republic of Finland today is not less interesting.

In 1936 the Finnish artists Alvar Aalto and his wife of Ayno Marsio developed design of a vase, innovative for the time, which has Iital`s (Iittala) name since then. The name of a vase also has the history. The first experiences with glass in Finland about which there are authentic data belong to 1881 when Petrus Magnus Abrakhamsson opened own workshop in the small town of Iitala. The name of the district was also assigned to the enterprise of the owner.

And here later half a century, in 1936, the developing company looked for new interesting design ideas - before the World Fair in Paris planned for 1937. One year prior to this time the designer Aalto and his spouse offered the original project and … won a competition. So it developed that next year copies of their glass work of art already decorated each table of elegant restaurant with Sava in Helsinki.

Why this restaurant? Yes because its interiors the little were also developed earlier by Alvar Aalto. This circumstance influenced the name of a vase: someone calls it by name the author, someone - according to the name of the district, and someone - “a vase Sava“ - according to the name of restaurant. All these names do not spoil general impression from a subject of high art at all.

The vase which played a significant role in formation of the Finnish art style in Aalto`s hands turned out so unusual that it almost at once was considered as an icon of the Scandinavian design. Today it is possible to tell that it is not subject to spirits of the times, and variability of several shades in color scale only confirms relevance of its design. The form bent unusually in a combination to structural clarity and transparency of glass at that time were the innovative, pioneer decision, and in some way even defiant.

But from where the inspiration of the artist of a unique silhouette came? It appears, long leather skirts of indigenous people of Scandinavia - Sami - had the similar form and exerted impact on the designer who a long time studied life and customs of these people. The wavy line, a distinctive sign of a modern vase of Aalto, received through expansion of glass at a vyduvka.

Even today process of work on a vase remains labor-consuming: seven different masters work with preparation of nearly 30 hours. The technology is broken into 12 steps - stages. And only after that the vase appears in new color scale, but with the same form, as well as during lifetime of her author. From - for features of a method and form process of production of a vase can be compared to “smooth choreography“ where each movement in work is carefully synchronized.

To receive liquid glass, mix of clean river sand, soda and a carbonate of calcium heat to temperature of 1100 degrees Celsius, then by means of a wooden rake the turned-out weight is filled in a glass-blowing tube and try to obtain a uniform consistence, using a thick cardboard and a tree for hashing. After that liquid glass is placed in a cliche of that of the ancient, developed still by Aalto form and, at last, cooled, clear edges and polished. Certainly, each of the listed stages is realized exclusively manually; from here both high price, and prestigiousness of a product.

And today this product of art which fairly appeared in a cohort with the best design solutions of world level is let out at the same factory in Iitala having ancient history.