Rus Articles Journal

What is known of modern life of the New Valaam man`s Valaam Monastery?

Rather young on the Finnish earth the New Valaam man`s Valaam Monastery which center the main temple in honor of Lord`s Transformation built in northern Byzantine style considerably is considered differs in arrangement and life from orthodox monasteries in Russia. What there special?

There is the main spiritual treasure of orthodox church of Finland - a wonder-working Konevsky icon of the Mother of God. History of its “acquisition“ is unusual.

The monastic brotherhood of quite famous Valaam monastery (the archipelago of Valaam islands, the Republic of Karelia, Russia) after the end of Winter war was oppressed as the Soviet government had own plans of arrangement of Valaam subsequently embodied in reality. So ancient Spaso`s brotherhood - Preobrazhensky of Valaam Monastery left islands on Ladoga and located in the Finnish town Hyaynyavesi that in 65 kilometers from the city of Joensuu - in the old estate of Pappiniyemi. It was redeemed by monks. Gradually constructions of the estate were adapted for temples, private cases and economic rooms where Valaam monks accommodated.

In this monastery existing still there are no Russian monks and monks long ago, but the shrines which are taken out from Old Valaam remain. But this place was chosen by monks with an ulterior motive: the orthodox icon was found in Pappiniyemi whose former owners are Lutherans. Saw a God`s sign in it. From old Valaam it was succeeded to take out an iconostasis, the ancient worshipped icons, pieces of church utensils and the most valuable library of Valaam Monastery which contains about 20 000 volumes. All this, including ancient bells, today carefully remains in Finland in different orthodox monasteries, and books of library mostly - in Sloviansk fund of the Helsinki university.

But also on the new place monks went through difficult times. From - for intra concession conflicts the monastery nearly stopped the existence. Updating came in 70 - x years of the XX century when the Finns preaching Orthodoxy joined brotherhood. The monastery really recovered. 1977 built the temple to its territories on the project of the Finnish Russian-speaking architect Ivan Kudryavtsev. Explain these noticeable architectural similarity of the Valaam temple to the Novgorod and Pskov churches today. Since the same time the heatcenter works here, to this day the monastery is heated by wood briquettes.

New Valaam in the territory of Finland became a symbol of orthodox culture and religion. The bishop Yoyensussky Arseny who in the spring of 2015 acted with lecture in Consulate general of Finland in St. Petersburg and did the honor of personal acquaintance, considers that every year to the monastery there come more than 150 thousand believers from all countries of the world, including from Russia.

The brotherhood makes original goods: the berry wine of own preparation and a candle of handwork produced from honey honeycombs. Services pass daily: morning - at 6 o`clock, on Sundays - a bit later, in 9, and evening - at 18 o`clock. Besides several times a year Valaam Monastery together with the Valaam Higher school of arts will organize for all comers courses of an iconography, various crafts and history of Orthodoxy. For pilgrims, guests and trudnik there will be places in Valaam hotel, the student`s hostel at all seasons of the year, or in the hotels (them a little) combining in interiors a cosiness of the Finnish comfort with ascetic minimalism. Here you will not see in cells of brotherhood of TVs and radio receivers, and in hands - cell phones. In the territory of the monastery it is necessary to follow the established rules: in all rooms it is forbidden to smoke. After 21 hour there comes almost complete silence, it is so accepted to prepare for a dream.

In the territory there are shop of souvenirs “Tuokhus“, help “Infotochka“, building of Valaam secular orthodox academy, a conference - the hall on 300 places, the museum in which the values which are taken out from old Valaam, “national“ university, separate division are presented - the Center of preservation and restoration of icons, the library, available to all, specializing in orthodox divinity with very democratic conditions of use of literature (the book can be taken for reading for all the time of your stay in monastery) and other establishments. Such “set“ of different establishments in borders of one monastery is not accepted in the Russian conditions.

In the cultural center on a constant basis the History of Valaam exhibition is shown. In a restoration workshop are restored written on a tree and on a canvas of a work of art, the professional assessment and examination of damages is carried out here and recommendations about care of the values which do not have the price are developed.

The public university is nice for several specialized courses - from spiritual subject to especially applied art. In the same building, except educational audiences, I saw a smithy, workshops, office and the room for rest of pupils - the room of psychological unloading, will not meet it also in the majority of the Russian not religious higher education institutions. In hotel of public university (40 one - and double rooms) there is a sauna and a gym. Twenty one double rooms were succeeded to count in separate monastic hotel, in it two two-room representative apartments. In small hotel of 6 more numbers with the general conveniences and a sauna.

Once old shed for vehicles belonging to former owners of the estate of Pappiniyemi is remade to the Red guest house with several numbers, everyone long ago - for two - five people; there is a winery and a tasting room. Even at the beginning of formation of the monastery the old stable was converted in the brotherly case, and since 1969 it serves as one more guest house in which are available 36 one - and triple rooms.

The dairy farm serves also as summer grocery store. The old brotherly case is the former “human“ estates. The modern brotherly private case on the bank of the lake Yuoyarvi has 16 monastic cells used by brotherhood. In not heated coastal izba there live trudnik of the monastery in the summer. There is a consecrated walking track conducting to the Bow cross which is actively used in the winter as a ring ski track 4,5 km long. For small groups of guests and pilgrims there is a coastal sauna. The isolated guest house “Sillankorva“ is intended for researchers, artists and writers.

The living conditions organized in the monastery are rare for similar monasteries in Russia. In this territory there is no Russian monk for a long time, but of “the Russian spirit“ smells.