Whether fly over waves scarlet sails now? It Turns out, the romantic story of Alexander Green about the ship floating under scarlet sails, not the fairy tale. In the world there is a ship bearing sailing equipment of red color. It is the only remained brigantine of “Eye of the Wind“ in the world.
At the beginning of 1960 - x years in the Soviet Union there was very popular a word “Brigantine“. On the main youth radio station “Yunost“ Yury Vizbor sang a song about a brigantine which lifts sails.
This song was written before the Great Patriotic War by the poet Pavel Kogan and the composer Georgy Lepsky. Execution of Yu. Vizbor provided to “Brigantine“ long second life. Fans of marching romanticism and songs at a fire to the guitar esteemed Yu. Vizbor. On the other hand, execution of a song on the Central radio meant that in certain limits for youth of the romantic it was permitted.
Approximately in the same years revived Alexander Green`s creativity for the general reader. “Scarlet sails“, the beautiful film fairy tale about beautiful love played by beautiful actors came out. And “Scarlet sails“ began to argue in the popularity with “Brigantines“. Even perfumery combine in the city Nikolaev called by this romantic name. By the way, in assortment of its production there were spirits “Brigantine“.
“Brigantines“ began to call everywhere youth cafes, clubs of an amateur song, pioneer camp, movie theaters and hotels. The song “Brigantine“ almost became the anthem of the arising movement of an amateur song. It was sung, not too thinking of beautiful words. The majority from singing hardly would distinguish the creed, a brigantine, among a set of other sailing ships.
And therefore - an educational program. For a start we will tell what is a brigantine.
The brigantine is a two-mast schooner. That is small ship. The crew of a brigantine totaled no more than 50 people. On a forward mast, i.e. fok - a mast, the brigantine has direct sails. On a back mast, on a grotto, - sails slanting. Direct sails catch a lot of wind because stand perpendicular to a vessel axis. And here slanting sails stand parallel to a vessel axis. They allow a sailing vessel to maneuvre, that is to move under a considerable corner to the direction of wind.
What we receive as a result? Light, fast and maneuverable vessel. Dream of pirates.
The brigantine was also the piracy vessel. Already in 13 - m a century these ships appeared on the Mediterranean Sea. The ship poorly, was armed with several guns of small caliber. But brigantines easily caught up with the big and hard loaded merchant ships. The boarding, a fight, a robbery - and already the piracy ship bolts with production, having lifted all sails.
If wind was not, sailors took oars in hand. On a brigantine was otvosm to twelve couples of oars. When the ship moved on oars, sails lowered that did not slow down the movement. Masts were put simply on the deck. An opportunity to quickly hide masts with sails was useful if the brigantine disappeared in coastal bays.
What origin of the name “brigantine“? An origin at it Italian. The word “brigantino“ meant “the robber, the pirate“.
It is not sophisticated that the word this Italian. The Adriatic Sea, in particular, numerous bays and gulfs in Illyria and in Croatia was the known nest of pirates. These children “hunted“ the ships going from Venice to Istanbul and to Cairo.
Piracy brigantines came for robbery and at 15-17 centuries at coast of North Africa. Continually pirates appeared too much, and their attacks on merchant ships became a serious hindrance to navigation. Then some big power gave the fleet and on pirates arranged hunting. The caught bandits were judged on the place and ruthlessly killed. Put the last blow to pirates of Tunisia and Algeria in 19 - m a century the American squadron which came for this purpose from - for the ocean.
Brigantines with a little changed equipment well got accustomed in the American colonies. Not only pirates used them (in particular, pirates of the Caribbean Sea). Easy and maneuverable brigantines served for investigation, communication and for maintenance. They were also used for fast transportation of goods. As the loading capacity of brigantines was ranging from 50 to 200 tons, they could not transport big consignments. But these small schooners had a good mobility. They could even come on shoal.
In 19 - the m to sailing fleet came a century the end. It, of course, did not mean a total disappearance of sailing vessels. They continued to be built, using for transportation of goods and for training of young seamen.
The last “real“ brigantine became a sea legend. It was constructed in 1911 on shipyard in the German city Braque, near Bremen. The ship received the name “Friedrich“ as Johann Friedrich Kolb was its owner and the captain. At the subsequent sales the brigantine every time changed a name. One American even wanted to turn the ship into a pothouse, but its plan was not successful.
In 1973 the group of enthusiasts, fans of the old ships, decided to restore a brigantine in the previous form. After restoration it was called by “Eye of the Wind“ (“A wind eye“). In 1978 the brigantine made the first global cruise. Along a route of the captain Francis Drake, “Eye of the Wind“ made the second global cruise in 1979. On its board there was a team which members arrived from 28 countries. This travel took place under the patronage of prince Charles, and on a flagstaff of the ship the royal pennant fluttered.
“Eye of the Wind“ was very beautiful and cinematic. It was removed at least in four movies about sea adventures.
In 2000 the ship was bought by the Danish businessman. The new owner completely restored an original form of a brigantine and cleaned a modern control system of sails. In 2009 “Eye of the Wind“ was got by the German media group FORUM. The brigantine which in 2011 was 100 years old is used as the training ship now. Any person who even does not have experience of long sea voyages can get this experience onboard an old kind brigantine which in a year of the century acquired the right to go under red sails.
So if against it is dazzling the blue sky and is dark - blue water you suddenly will see the ship under scarlet sails, trust the eyes. The fairy tale sometimes comes true. Not often, but comes true.