Rus Articles Journal

Holiday romance of Pushkin: was or was not? The Donzhuansky list

Mnogolyubivy heart of Pushkin was always open for new love. Its naughty character and self-irony became a reason for drawing up the donzhuansky list by it which turned into a subject of fixed studying later. Donzhuansky list of Pushkin (perhaps, joke of the poet!) became a peculiar key for solving of its feelings during the different periods of life, a subject of serious disputes of literary critics and biographers.

In 1820 Pushkin left St. Petersburg on waters to the Crimea. Its state of mind was sad and tired, in St. Petersburg it conducted loose life and society of St. Petersburg continually spread ridiculous rumors about it.

In the Caucasus (in Pyatigorsk) Pushkin met Rayevsky` family which consisted of four daughters and two sons, the general and his wife. Later Maria Nikolaevna Volkonskaya (in girlhood Rayevskaya) so will characterize in the diary Pushkin`s behavior during this period: “As the poet, he considered as a debt to be in love with all pretty women and young girls which it met... In effect he adored only the muse and poeticized everything that saw“.

Maria was a fifteen-year-old daughter of the general and at that moment looked as the swarty and ugly teenager, but, despite it, Pushkin paid attention to her and imprinted her attracting image in the verses:

As I envied the waves,

Running a rough succession

With love to lay down to her legs!

As I wished to Touch then with waves

lovely legs lips!


Certain researchers challenge the fact that Pushkin was passionately in love with the girl - the teenager, however others are almost sure that Maria Rayevskaya`s image passes through many works of Pushkin (including of the poem “Bakhchsarai Fountain“ and “Eugene Onegin“).

While researchers argue, we will address the facts of the biography of the poet and his donzhuansky lists.

In the first of them one more name - Ekaterina III appears. There are all bases to believe that the speech goes about Ekaterina Rayevskaya, the oldest daughter of the general here. Pushkin got acquainted with it in Gurzuf. Hobby it was rather fleeting as, except the Pushkin list, it has no certificates. In a year after acquaintance to the poet, Ekaterina marries the general M. F. Orlov who often invited Pushkin to the house to stay for a while.

However and this frivolous love postponed a print for Pushkin`s creativity. Characterizing Ekaterina Nikolaevna, it will compare her to the heroine of one of the poems Marina Mnishek. She was the same proud, ambitious, cunning and sharp, as well as Polish princess. As one of researchers notes, in a family album of Rayevsky it was represented in a caricature - with a bunch of birches in hands, and the husband - the general was kneeling to it. The caricature had comic character, but precisely noticed features of relationship of Ekaterina with the husband.

One more sister Rayevskaya - Elena - according to descriptions of contemporaries was the most beautiful of sisters. During a time of acquaintance to the poet it executed 16 years. Elena was often sick and therefore used special attention of parents. Pushkin imprinted Elena Revskaya`s image in the poem:

Alas why she shines with

Minute, gentle beauty...


In the elegy “Desire“ Pushkin hints that he “loved, the Exile unknown“. And here whom exactly of sisters Rayevsky really loved deeply and seriously, still remains secret for his biographers who put forward different versions. In the Donzhuansky list Pushkin points to Ekaterina, but modern literary critics put forward also one more version: the poet was in love not in some one of sisters Rayevsky, and with everyone gradually, with a female half of a family of Rayevsky.

This Lyubov was not only, and reminded a holiday romance. The analysis of the poem “Bakhchsarai Fountain“ leads researchers to thought that Maria and Zarema were written off by Pushkin from the sisters Rayevsky who showed in return rivalry and jealousy of the poet in love.