Whether find new minerals presently?In the world are about four thousand (there is no mistake) the minerals opened and studied by scientists. The figure is very big if according to the school program acquaint with two - only three tens. Certainly, at geological institute the volume of knowledge of minerals significantly extends. But also in this case not all becomes known. Only in special databases about minerals the picture takes fuller form stunning with richness of a subsoil.
The most surprising is what new minerals continue to open. Leadership here on a global scale is occupied by geologists of Russia. On the second place - Americans. On the third - Chinese. Annually several tens new minerals are entered in the list of the scientists opened by common efforts. What ways they are found?
First of all, it should be noted that gradually geologists “make the way“ to places of our planet remote before. In Russia it is, of course, the territory of Siberia. Here still a subsoil is studied insufficiently. In the geological relation they were formed very peculiar. Something was taken out on a surface by volcanoes, something left at tectonic motions, and something simply connected in impossible (in chemistry) minerals. Examples?
In 2014 the group of scientists of Tomsk university opened two new minerals. The fact that they were unknown before to science, S. I. Konovalenko defined. One of minerals was presented by needle crystals darkly - violet color to five centimeters to length. The second looked as a crystal of black color of diamond-shaped irregular shape. The International Mineralogical Association (IMA) under the chairmanship of the scientist from Australia P. Williams approved the found minerals as new. Except the staff of Tomsk university, scientists from a number of scientific centers of Russia and Germany took part in studying of the found minerals.
By the way, in Western Australia not so long ago it was found purpurno - the pink mineral which forced scientists to break the head. It in general strongly differed in the crystal lattice from all known minerals. Putnisit (such name the mineral received) it was created in volcanic breeds in the form of very small kristallik millions years ago - all on half-millimeter in length. Whether it is worth being surprised then to the fact that the find managed to be defined as a new type of minerals only under a strong microscope? The mineral received the name in honor of the Australian scientists - Andrew and Christina Putnis.
In general it should be noted that it is already tradition - to give open minerals names in honor of scientists who in the homeland caused a stir in devotion in service to science and achieved much.
In the museum of the Moscow state Mining University there is a big collection of minerals. Over thirty in it - recently open. Here the mineral fedorovskit. It is called so in honor of one of founders of mountain academy Nikolay Mikhaylovich Fedorovsky. Or the mineral ershovit. He received the name in honor of professor Vadim Viktorovich Yershov - the large expert in mining. And here feklichevit. The mineral received a name in honor of one of the most famous mineralogists - Vladimir Georgiyevich Feklichev.
Certainly, in other countries the system with names. But in certain cases scientists “specialize“ in finding of new minerals. Five open minerals on the account of the employee of institute of crust (The Siberian Academy of Sciences) Leonid Reznitsky. In its asset and the mineral kalininit which meets extremely seldom. It is called in honor of professor investigating Cis-Baikal - P. Kalinina.
The world of minerals - very unusual. You can be convinced of it, having visited any mineralogical museum.