The Russian child at the British school: an instructionSecondary education in Great Britain are presented to parents by 4 systems: English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish. They differ in approach and examinations. The largest is the English system about which the speech will go below.
For the Russian parents should not be news that the basic principles of system of British education differ with similar at schools of Russia. Academic year in England also begins in September, however lasts longer - up to June or even the beginnings of July. Year is divided into 3 trimesters, and at the overwhelming number of schools - boards you will pay the bill for training three times in a year.
The autumn trimester covers the period from September to December then children are waited by vacation for Christmas. After a spring trimester Easter holiday begins. The last trimester is called as summer and comes to an end closer by July.
For transition to the following class students do not need to take annual examinations, transition is carried out automatically. So proceeds to the 11th class, his children reach in 16 years. Thereby they graduate compulsory secondary education. Further they have an opportunity to continue to study within 2 more years, than most of students and uses.
To receive the document on compulsory secondary education, 16 - the summer student needs to pass traditional examination of GCSE not below F assessment. In general the system of estimation represents 8 - component gradation: A *, A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Only the last assessment in this list is chanceless. However only estimates are higher than C allow the pupil to continue training in the program A - level. At the best and oldest schools, such as Charterhouse, accept the students having estimates of A and B.
Earlier entrance examinations in universities were less diversified, than now. And popularity of the program A, habitual for British, - level does not decrease. In 1 - y year students are engaged in studying of 4 - 6 disciplines, in the second study 3 - 4 subjects, and in a number of schools are offered professionally - the focused courses. For example, in Harrow school students can study history of arts, the right, management, etc. The system of estimates is a little another: A, B, C, D, E. There are chanceless estimates below.
Now gained popularity and alternative examination systems. In particular, the speech about system of the international bachelor degree of IB. Its advantage in bigger number of objects to delivery which are offered at choice to students. Thanks to bigger flexibility this system allows one student to combine history of arts or business - strategy with mathematics or physics. Training in IB also makes 2 years, and students do not need to take intermediate examinations upon termination of the first year. The biennial program of preparation without intermediate examinations appeared also at university of Cambridge.
At what age is the best of all to be admitted to the English schools? One of the main requirements of system of secondary education in England is connected by
with age. As for the Russian students, most of teachers considers as optimum age for receipt 13 years. As academic year begins on September 1, to the arriving child for this date 13 has to be executed. At the English schools treat age of children extremely scrupulously. Even if birthday fell on August 31, the student will get to a class below. In other cases it automatically enlist in 9 - y a class.
Why this age and a class are most optimum to start training at school of England? The matter is that 9 - y the class is a peculiar transition by two years of the GCSE program and will help the child to adapt as much as possible to an education system, new peers, a situation. Within this year will offer it a set of various objects: the English and additional language, history, geography, mathematics, informatics, chemistry, physics, biology, religious studies, science about health and sport. Thus, he will smoothly pass to the examination GCSE program and will be able to choose on what will take examinations subsequently from all objects.
The system of training in England is constructed in such a way that after the admission of several occupations it is extremely difficult to student to catch up with schoolmates. Therefore it is not recommended to start objects categorically. Especially it concerns the GCSE program, the chosen objects of the exact sciences cannot be replaced then with others. Though to history, business and geography this rule does not belong - they can be changed in the course of training.
If you decide to send the child to the English high school in 14 years, before him the difficult dilemma of the choice of 7 - 10 objects for training according to the GCSE program will be at once put.
The heaviest age to start study in England is 15 - summer. At this time schoolmates already completed exactly a half of a program course, and again arrived student falls into the hardest state. There are schools which suggest to finish the GCSE program for 1 year, however the absolute majority will refer to the standard rules and will offer training from first year.
In 16 - summer age of the student can accept in the program A - level, however it will be comprehended by the same problems, as at receipt in 14 - summer age. Moreover, now it is waited by even more difficult choice of specialization from 4 - 6 objects.
At the English schools approach examinations extremely strictly and tasks are kept a secret up to the beginning of delivery. The Russian parents and students should consider that examination process can differ considerably from habitual for them here. The first part represents test passing, and the second - check by the special commission. In particular, in Brighton College the structure of examiners is formed of scientists with high degrees, and process is regulated to details. Results of the examinations passed in May - June, are published not earlier than August.
What problems expect at schools of England of students from Russia?
the Most widespread problem is insufficient language training of the Russian students. There are also distinctions in rules of conduct. So, at the English schools always speak “please“ and “thanks“, whether it be the paid work or an order of the teacher.
There are significant differences and in educational process. Charge of points to the student is conducted both for the correct answers, and for attempt to give the answer. For example, at a lesson of mathematics it is possible to be limited instead of the answer to the detailed solution of a task.
Perhaps, a maximum of difficulties the pedagogical paradigm applied at high schools of England causes in students from Russia. Here huge significance is attached to independence of thinking of pupils - it allows to achieve considerable results in study. Teachers often are interested in personal opinion of students. For this reason the pupil should penetrate into an essence of the studied objects deeply. It should be taken into account that the majority of universities select students not so much by results of A - level how many on the basis of interview during which the pupil should state and protect the opinion on various questions.