Rus Articles Journal

Cannes - the plant which left fire. What is it interesting by?

Left fire - it is so possible to tell about Cannes, blossoming ognenno - red flowers. In nature Cannes is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Africa, Asia. These excellent plants with success grow up also in our climate. The agrotechnology of their cultivation is not more difficult than cultivation of gladioluses and dahlias - refined leaves, smart long blossoming will be an award to the flower grower.

Mysterious, solemn, majestic - it is possible to continue the list of epithets to Cannes, to a plant from tropical and subtropical regions of South America, Asia, Africa. Effective leaves and bright large flowers of Cannes steadily draw attention of the one who will see them for the first time. And the flower grower by all means will want to lodge the tropical beauty in the possession.

On one of Indian legends, Cannes grew on the place of a fire into which the leader of one of the conflicting tribes threw vampum. This vampum contained articles of the peace. Tongues of flame absorbed hope for the world, between tribes long bloody war was launched. Bright ognenno - red flowers of one of views of Cannes remind tongues of flame and the shed blood.

The name of “Cannes“ comes from the Greek word “kanna“ that means “reed“. Apparently, such name received a plant for similarity of a structure of stalks and an arrangement of leaves on them. From Latin “kanna“ it is transferred as a tube - a flower structure tubular.

Cannes, the perennial grassy plant, is the only sort of family of Kannovye. Cannes prefers solar places and damp fertile soil. Mainly grow near reservoirs, in seaside valleys and mountain gorges. In a sort there are about fifty types. Now the set of the grades intended for landings in flower beds, containers as a houseplant is removed.

For a long time and till present the local population grows up some views of Cannes as vegetable, fodder and medicinal culture. Tuberiform rhizomes contain about 25% of coarse-grained starch, eat them in a baked look. On a forage to cattle there are leaves and stalks.

It is supposed that curative properties of some views of Cannes were known to shepherds of South Africa a millennium ago. The Dutch colonialists observed how natives often chewed flowers Cannes then they in a favorable condition of spirit broke into a dance. At surplus of the use of juice there came the state of intoxication and calms. Subsequently it was established that Cannes contains the alkaloids operating as antidepressants.

Cannes treats the “crying“ plants which forecast the rainy weather: if in the morning on leaves water drops appear, then rain will expect to fall in the afternoon.

In the 17th century Cannes was delivered to Europe, at Peter I they got also to Russia. These elegant plants were highly appreciated by gardeners for decorative effect of leaves and long, since July to the first autumn frosts, effective blossoming.

Flowers at Cannes large, 4 - 10 cm in the diameter, asymmetric, are similar to a flower of a gladiolus or an orchid, are painted in various shades of yellow, orange, red colors. Views with white flowers meet. Flowers are collected in the clustery inflorescences which are settling down on long tsvetonosa. The only lack of flowers Cannes - they have no aroma.

The set of grades with red, violet, purple, striped leaves is removed.

At the initiative of the Nikitsky botanical garden Cannes in 2014 became a flower symbol of Yalta.

One of widespread types - Cannes Indian, is an ancestor of a view of Cannes garden. Indian Cannes has the long stalks which are densely covered light-green or with red strips glossy leaves. Tubular flowers are painted in red or is bright - a pink color.

Rhizomes land in an open ground when threat of frosts passes. Such composition of soil is suitable for Cannes: humus, the sheet earth, peat, coarse-grained sand - in equal parts. Experts recommend to make for receiving more magnificent blossoming a layer of organic fertilizers 20 - 25 cm thick. From above to fill a layer of earth of 20 - 25 cm. The distance between plants has to be 50 - 70 cm

Cannes loves the damp earth, but before emergence of the first sprouts it is desirable to water them moderately. During blossoming it is necessary to provide plentiful watering. Once a week to feed up liquid complex fertilizer. In the fall watering is reduced.

Before approach of frosts Cannes digs out, with soft winter it is possible to leave in regions in soil. To store at a temperature not lower than 10 degrees. During winter storage it is regularly necessary to examine rhizomes to prevent their rotting or drying.

If Cannes undersized, them it is possible to replace in flowerpots and to move in the room. They will continue blossoming and will keep leaves all winter. But to provide magnificent blossoming for the next season, it is necessary to give two-month rest. For this purpose it is necessary to reduce watering, to cut off leaves to 10 - 15 cm from the basis and to place in the cool room. To take out, replace to the fresh earth, then when threat of frosts passes in the spring, - in an open ground.

Cannes also grows up from seeds. Before crops seeds need to be wetted for 2 - 3 days in warm water, then several hours to sustain on snow then to drench with boiled water. To sow on depth of 1,5 - 2 cm, to contain at constant humidity and temperature of 20 - 25 degrees. The first real leaflets will appear in 1,5 - 4 months. After that to seat in separate pots, in May it is possible to land in an open ground. Young plants blossom at the end of summer, an early autumn.

Cannes seldom is ill, they are avoided also by wreckers.

In room conditions it is possible to grow up dwarfish grades, but for successful blossoming they need a lot of light and sunshine.

In culture Cannes is rather unpretentious, at observance of the basic rules of cultivation they will thank you the refined look and magnificent blossoming.