What is the sounding stones? Karaundzh, Armeniain the territory of Armenia Karaundzh - the most ancient observatory and the most unusual of all similar megalytic constructions is located. Many stones in the top part have round openings probably for supervision over stars.
In 200 km to the south of Yerevan, near Sisian on the plain at the height of 1770 m on the area of seven hectares the unusual monument - a set of stones in which top part there are round openings settled down. Old residents of these places call them “the sticking-out stones“ (“it is wild - it is wild - a karer“, an automated workplace.), including what the monument had religious value, and in openings observed stars.
The archeologist Onik Hnkikyan in 1984 the first assumed that the monument is intended for astronomical researches.
The monument has two names: Karaundzh - the sounding stones (“carat“ - a stone, “óķäę“ - to sound, an automated workplace.) and Zorats Karer - force stones (“ēīšąö“ - force, “karer“ - stones, an automated workplace.). Names speak about different purpose of this object. Near it there is a village Karaundzh. On North - the East, in Karabakh, there are two villages with the same name. In rocks near one of them yet not studied man-made openings are found.
In the book “History of Syunik“ the historian Stepanos Orbelyan (1250-1304) translated the name of the village Karundzh as “stone treasure“, or “fundamental stones“.
Paris Geruni called a construction of Karaundzh and defined it as a prehistoric huge monument. For the purpose of studying of a monument of Karaundzh the Armenian scientist, the radio astronomer, the radio physicist and the radio technician P. Geruni in days of equinoxes and solstices organized a number of expeditions from 1994 to 2001.
Geruni, using laws of a precession of Earth, proved that Karaundzh - the most ancient observatory which age more than 7500 years, and served it in this quality till 1 millennium BC. These are not just stones with openings and without, these are high-precision astronomical tools. Geruni came to such conclusion.
During expeditions 223 stones numbered, measured, defined their states and entered in the catalog. Performed a set of measurements, including azimuths and corners of the place of the directions of openings. The detailed card of an arrangement of stones is made. Accuracy of ancient astronomical tools - their only 80 types was determined by modern devices.
Geruni believed that the monument had three functions:
1. The temple Are - and and the Shooting gallery - and.
Are (arev - the sun, an automated workplace.) - Supreme god of ancient Armenia.
A shooting gallery - the secretary of the Supreme god: god of sciences, letter and arts.
“Monument Karaundzh consists of the following parts: the central circle, a northern branch, the southern branch, North - east avenue, a chord (which crosses a circle) and separate stones “. (Paris M. Geruni “Armenians and the Most ancient Armenia“)
All stones of a monument from basalt, from one and a half to three meters high, weighing up to 10 tons. The majority are established upright. Stones collapsed time, weather, are covered with a moss and we deprive. Many stones are broken - did not enter them in the catalog.
All stones are got in a nearby stone quarry at the river Gift, brought to observatory where in them did round openings, having turned them into astronomical devices.
In the center of a monument stones form the circle extended in egg, is directed by an edge to the West - only 40 standing stones. In the center of egg ruins - it is possible, there was a religious temple. Its proportions coincide with the sizes of the temple of god of the sun of the Mitre in Garni constructed on the place more ancient devoted to god Ara. The central circle and North - east avenue could be a venue of ceremonies in honor of god Ar.
From a circle stones reach for the North and the South, two rows as if form wings. Stones of the central circle have no openings.
49 stones form a northern branch, in them there are openings, at the end two branches depart from it: east and western.
26 stones form the southern branch, in them there are openings. The branch comes to an end with round tombs with the sizes from 3 to 8 m
of 8 stones form North - east avenue, 2 stones lying with openings. This avenue is turned to a sunrise point in day of a summer solstice and lifted over the earth on half-meter.
6 stones having openings form the chord crossing the central circle from the South on the North.
Separately stones, one of lying stones with an opening stand apart.
These stones the arrangement remind aim adaptation, maybe, used them as a gun front sight - a sight.
There are stones in which two openings. There are stones which drilled not through - perhaps, these tools did not manage to make.
Some stones are taken out from the earth, inclined or overturned, some are broken even in the place of their openings.
Northern and southern branches have the stone paths from one to one and a half meters wide which are laid out by plates. Along paths low stones which could serve as benches for observers lie. There are stones in a form similar to people or animals.
In openings the sky or different points of the horizon is visible. Openings with a diameter of 4 - 5 cm, settle down 15 - 20 cm below than tops, on both ends are expanded in the form of a cone with a diameter up to 12 cm. In an opening are smoothly polished, perhaps, are made the tool with the obsidianovy end.
Karaundzh it is not similar to one of all similar megalytic monuments of the world. Only this monument has openings in stones. Upright - about one hundred stones with openings.
Geruni with participants of expeditions calculated passings in this place through a zenith of the brightest stars of this hemisphere for the last several thousands of years, among them there is a Deneb, Arktur, Vega and the Chapel. Scientists watched heavenly bodies, conducted a photo - and video filming at the moments of rising, calling and culmination of the Sun and Moon; compared results of the supervision received by means of calculations.
Among stones of Karaundzha there is “periscope“ - its opening with a bend. If on the place of a bend to insert a mirror, the periscope will turn out. As a mirror ancient used well polished obsidian. About 7630 years ago through this “periscope“ it was possible to observe the brightest star of Cygnus constellation - the Deneb. It was possible to observe long, till 100 years, time suffices to manufacture the tool and to watch a star.
“The fact that in the sky, and on the earth“, - ancient said. Some researchers came to a conclusion that stones of Karaundzha in accuracy repeat a Cygnus constellation structure, and the stone at number 200 corresponds to the brightest star of constellation - to the Deneb. Some stones of Karaundzha not of a vryta to the earth, and are established on stones - pedestals, in the past they were mobile, as well as the stars corresponding to them.
Locals say that sounds are heard at night - it the brownie drives away people from an entrance to other civilization. And it is possible, strong wind, passing through openings of stones, causes sounds and stones really sound.
In article material from Paris M. book is used. Geruni “Armenians and the Most ancient Armenia“.