Rus Articles Journal

Cornelis Trost`s physicians. What are they famous for?

Artist of “the Golden Age of the Dutch painting“ Cornelis Trost wrote among other several portraits of doctors - contemporaries. For whom by whose order these works were made - it is unknown. Probably, the part was ordered by characters, part - the organizations in which they worked.

Cornelis Trost (Cornelis Troost, 1697-1750) is the Netherlands artist of times of “the Golden Age of the Dutch painting“.

Among a set of the portraits written by Cornelis Trost there are several portraits of physicians - contemporaries. For whom by whose order these works were made - it is unknown. Probably, the part was ordered by characters, part - the organizations in which they worked.

Our time was reached by small - 40õ49 cm - a cloth of “The inspector of medical board of Amsterdam“ (possibly, it was only the sketch and why the big picture - not clearly did not appear). History kept names of these people: Hendrik von Bronckhorst, Ieronim de Bosch, Daniel van Buren, Martinus Hesbert, Kasparus Kommelin and Yost ter Pelkvik (from left to right). The medical board was supervisory authority at town council and monitored observance of health regulations, and also work of drugstores.


One more picture - “A lesson of anatomy of doctor Willem Ryuel“ (Willem R ö ell) - was written in 1728. On a table - a body with the opened knee joint, at a table - not students, not the doctor`s colleagues. The doctor costs at the left, he holds a clip which he delays a muscle up in the left hand, and his right hand indicates something. Behind the doctor - the assistant, holds a box with tools.

At the time of writing of a picture to the doctor of 28 years (he lived from 1700 to 1775). At this time in his life Johannes Boorman appears. Boorman was a many-sided personality: doctor, biologist, botanist. The last played an important role in further life of Ryuel: he was fond of botany. Was fond so that later, in 1735 when he met Karl Linney, helped it to collect George Clifford`s collection - the well-known herbarium which exists still.

Willem Ryuel was a successful businessman: it had two plantations in that area which is called the British Guiana today. At the end of life he was “only“ the managing director of mining company of Surinam. Kasparus Kommelin is the outstanding botanist and the specialist in mushrooms.

One more portrait - the contemporary Cornelis Trost, the most famous doctor of the eighteenth century Herman Burgave (1668-1738). It was incredibly talented person: professor, physician and botanist, author of several compositions, founder of hospital, Netherlands first specialist in eye diseases. Its glory, speaking the modern language, read off scale: when after half a year of absence from - for diseases it appeared on the street, the city noted it illumination - as far as it was necessary to be knowing, available, benevolent that it to deserve!

Herman Burgave, among other things, is known also that he for the first time described such disease: “a spontaneous rupture of a gullet“. Very unpleasant and extremely rare disease which managed to be diagnosed nearly hundred fifty years later (that is before the rupture of a gullet was fixed only after death of the patient). And this illness bears his name: syndrome to Burgava.

(In Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam there is one more portrait of Herman Burgave of work of the artist Aert de Gelder. It is a family portrait and what! The husband and the father sits with the wife and the daughter, both of them look at it enthusiastic eyes. But besides: as their hands are weaved! It speaks about much: respect, adoration, love! And he reciprocates to them. And his love not only in views and handshakes - as is written by “Wikipedia“, it left to the daughter in inheritance 4 million francs).

It is unknown whether Cornelis Trost at these doctors was treated. Most likely and...