Rus Articles Journal

How Ferdinand Magellan went to the glory? The captain Magellan

on October 21, 1520 Magellan`s ships entered the narrow passage leaving deep into South America. From South side fire reflections in the dark sparkled. Magellan who decided that it is volcanoes called this earth Fiery. The ships continued a way and on November 28, 1520 left to the ocean called by Magellan Tikhim. It was the first pass of the ship from the Atlantic Ocean in Silent. The first geographical discoveries of Magellan were so made.

For a short time from the soldier Ferdinand Magellan became not just a captain, he turned into the person with whose opinion began to reckon. The question submitted for meeting - about expediency of use for replenishment of a squadron of merchant ships, was solved negatively. It is known that Magellan protested too against this idea as it was possible to pass a monsoon and then merchant ships could get stuck for a long time in India.

Warships successfully was successful operation, and in 1511 Magellan takes part in a campaign of 19 ships of the kingdom to Melaka. The city was occupied, and Magellan goes home. In July, 1512 it already in Lisbon where it is granted pension, and the smallest of possible, in only 1000 reals which were not enough for worthy life.

Magellan had to put on a military uniform again. In 1514 in one of fights under the Moroccan city of Azemmur it was wounded in a leg then limped for the rest of the life, in another under it shot a horse. Limping moreover and to the officer who lost a horse charged to protect the cattle fought off Moors, but soon accused that he secretly sold to the former owners part of herd.

The offended Magellan left without the permission an arrangement of part and went to Lisbon, but could not achieve an audience from the king. Besides, the monarch was revolted by Magellan`s behavior, and that was forced to return to Morocco. By then the thief was caught, all charges from Fernan were dismissed, but he resigned and came back home.

Apparently, then Magellan had a thought of travel which will glorify it. Old stuff was already peddled, but not investigated almost. Fernan studies cards, talks to skilled seafarers and astronomers. Soon he was finally assured that there is a pass through the continent which will reduce distance to India and “islands of spices“ many times over, and began to act. The king of Portugal Manuel I at whom Fernan asks to give him the chance to return to fleet and to go to travel, refuses, but does not object if such opportunity is given to Magellan by other lords. Future great seafarer had to move to Seville.

Juana de Aranda, from the Seville chamber of contracts which is engaged in the organization of expeditions for 1/8 from possible profit on travel organized Magellan`s meeting with the king of Spain. Subsequently de Aranda was pushed aside from participation in the section of profits, and the new contract between Magellan and his partner by the astronomer to Faler - on the one hand, and the king of Spain Charles I - was signed on March 22, 1518 with another according to which both seafarers could receive 1/5 part of net income from swimming, the rights of a namestnichestvo in open territories, 1/20 part from the profits got on new lands and the right for two islands if those not less than 6 are open. Having received good, Fernan starts expedition preparation.

On September 20, 1519 the squadron in five ships with 265 members of crews on boards headed by a leader “Trinidad“ with Magellan on the captain`s bridge left the Spanish port located on the bank of the Atlantic Ocean and went towards the New World. When crossing the ocean due to use of the warning system developed by Magellan the ships of a flotilla of any time did not lose each other from a look.

Two months were required to a flotilla to reach coast of Brazil, and one more - a wide reservoir which will be the river La Plata. Low speed of movement is caused in coast of South America by care of inspection of any gulf which is deeply pressing in the land. A lot of time left also on La Plata`s inspection before Magellan was not convinced that it is not the passage, but the mouth of the huge river. The squadron slowly moved to the South, carefully investigating the coast. During one of parking seamen the first of Europeans saw penguins. Seafarers decided that it is natives, and continued to trust in it until during wintering did not meet the people inhabiting Tierra Del Fuego. Later the species of penguins opened in expedition received the name “magellanovy“.

The winter came nearer, and on March 31, 1520 the flotilla had to rise on wintering in the bay which received the name in honor of Saint Yulian. Nowadays it is the province Santa - Cruz in Argentina.

By May the sea calmed down a little, and travelers decided on active actions. Magellan sent the small ship “Santiago“ in the southern direction, but that suffered ship-wreck and died. The team, except for one person, managed to escape and go on the coast towards other squadron. Passed several weeks before they managed to unite. Loss was very heavy, and business even not only the considerable part of the food which was in hold of “Santiago“ was gone in death of the vessel which is specially constructed for carrying out investigation. It was necessary to continue wintering, observing the mode of the most strict economy.

While the ships stood in a bay, natives approached them. It were people of very high growth who for warming wound legs with hay. Seafarers nicknamed them Patagonians, that is people bolshenogy, or given rise with paws. The country by analogy received the name Patagonia. Executing will of the king - to bring representatives of all people met on the way to Spain, travelers managed to capture two Indians, but any did not manage to live up to return to Europe.

At last the winter ended, and the ships started at way. On October 21, 1520, that is in a year after the beginning of swimming, before travelers the narrow passage leaving deep into the continent seemed. From South side at the nights seamen often observed fire reflections. Having decided that it consequences of volcanic activity, Magellan called this earth Fiery. Two ships sent to investigation soon returned with a message about a possibility of through pass through the continent. Magellan decided to risk, and the flotilla goes to a way.

In 38 days before seafarers the quiet boundless ocean was spread. On November 28, 1520 forever became world history as an expiration date of the first pass of the ship from the Atlantic Ocean in Silent.

The passage was called by Magellan in honor of a holiday of All Saints, but subsequently was renamed by the king of Spain and since then by right bears a name of the pioneer - Magellan. The ocean which met the seafarers who got out of passage whirl, a full calm with fine weather was called by Magellan Tikhim.

Be continued.