Travel to Argentina. What is the delta of the Parana River well-known for?Parana that in translation from language of Indians guaramo is meant by the “Big river“, one of the largest rivers of South America. At a confluence with Rio - - la - to Plath she forms the impressive picturesque delta with a set of constantly populated islands. A trip on the boat with the subsequent pedestrian walk on coast of the islands connected by wooden bridges, one of favourite entertainments of tourists and locals.
What is the delta of the river, many learned at school. As far as I remember, the delta, that is spread of the mouth of the river in breadth and transformation of one course into tens of only smaller, is formed in some rivers at their confluence with the sea. The delta received the name from - for similarities to the Greek letter of the same name. But there are deltas and at the rivers flowing into other more powerful rivers that is at inflows.
Such river is Parana, the second for length after Amazon the river in South America. The name to the river was given by Indians guaramo and be in a stupor which from time immemorial lodged on its coast. In translation from one language Parana means “the big river“, and from another - “big as the sea“. And Indians of a guayaka from - for abundances of falls called it “the river of misfortune“. Besides such name as “mother of the sea“ is known. All these phrases are united by recognition by the people which were once inhabiting these lands, greatness of the mighty river and its value in their life.
Near Buenos - Ayresa Parana falls into Rio - - la - Plath. There - that also begins, or comes to an end rather, its well-known delta.
Parana - the river big (4880 km are not a joke), and the delta at it too impressive: having stretched in length at 130 km, it spread on 65 km, having formed at the same time a set of islands. Large sleeves at it 11, main of which - Parana - Guasu, and smaller - number almost incalculable.
Islands grow in the delta constantly. The river bears millions of tons of sand, clay and silt collected from the huge territory. In total in a year Parana moves about 160 million tons of soil. Generally it is silt (about 60%), clay (to 25%) and sand (about 15%). The most part, certainly, rushes through the delta in transit, but the part gets stuck in it, washing new islands and expanding existing. In the beginning banks on which rapid growth of reed, a cane and other water plants begins are formed, then the eritrina which strengthens coast takes roots there, giving thereby the chance of emergence to other plants there. Thanks to it every year the delta is extended on 40 - 60 meters.
It is curious that all islands have the coast raised over river water with slightly lowered center in which the lake which is gradually turning into a bog is quite often located. A long time of the island were not populated or a little mastered. However at the end of the XIX century mass arrival of needy emigrants from the European states including from Eastern Europe, caused rapid growth of dwellings on the islands, adjacent to the continent, which are gradually moving further and further deep into deltas.
Settlements in habitual value of this word on islands did not appear though the total number of the population which is constantly living there reached by the beginning 30 - x years of last century of impressive figure in 25 thousand people. Houses were under construction mainly on coast a channel, often on small islands on one house, at the same time building density practically did not exceed figure - 15 houses on 1 sq.km
Originally the population generally were engaged in preparation and processing of wood, cultivation of fruit, beekeeping, cultivation of nutrias and water pigs in spite of the fact that those were found and continue to live in those places in significant amounts. However outflow of the population changed a kind of activity of the population which is constantly living on islands to the mainland of the country a little. Now that three with small thousands of people who still constantly live in the delta of Parana make a wicker furniture, household items and souvenirs, best-selling during a tourist season. Many of them went to services industry of a considerable tourist stream which literally fills with island life in the local summer.
It is necessary to consider also that the part of the houses which are available on islands is used only as dachas now, for summer holiday of citizens, but at the same time requires constant attention. It is one of types of employment of resident population too. Cultivation of flax popular once with the subsequent its processing in fiber is almost not demanded from - for emergence of the huge range of chemical fibers. Many continue to hold cattle, on islands lives to 35 thousand heads of cows.
The majority of houses stands on piles. It is caused by high floods and frequent to floods, arising after pouring rains. As a rule, near houses there is a parking lot of the boat or boat which in the absence of owners lift on the coast. In the shop located on the neighboring island, inhabitants of the delta swim on the trip boat, brings children to one of four schools located on islands school parokhodik. The police, the ambulance and firefighters move only on water too. For those to whom the trip to shop is for various reasons complicated on the delta several mobile outlets continuously ply and though the prices are slightly higher there, than in stationary shops, floating benches still enjoy popularity.
Elementary household conveniences are available on many islands. However because their gasification is not expected, the specialized firm provides persons in need with cylinders with gas, the situation and with drinking water also is. On some islands the electrical equipment, there with conveniences is still not installed, of course, it is worse, especially, if you have no own diesel power plant. And here with telecommunication and the Internet on all rendered habitable islands everything is all right.
Not so for convenience of inhabitants as it is rather for involvement of tourists, on islands of the first line several walking tourist routes are laid. Wooden paths run on the high coast, moving from the island to the island bridges, and sometimes highly fly up in air not to stir passing of yachts under them with tall masts and to tourists the bigger review from that upper part which they should climb up opens.
Here the part of one of days which we spent to Buenos - to Ayresa and was devoted to this entertainment which became rather popular beginning from the small mooring of the coastal town the Tiger. At our guide Maxim everything was grabbed and there. We were waited by a small katerok with the real old salt at a steering wheel, and travel on the delta of Parana began. Several hours spent onboard the boat and on wooden paths of islands to us appeared not in burden at all, and gave the expected pleasure.