Rus Articles Journal

Russian general Denis Davydov. Whether it was happy in love?

Despite dazzling successes in poetry, Denis Davydov was still lonely. His last love visited him at the age of 50 years after which loss it not only did not find personal happiness, but also lost ability to write fine verses. The muse forever left it!.

Despite dazzling successes in poetry, Denis Davydov was still lonely. Its hussar verses were not printed anywhere, but they immediately dispersed in hand-written lists among the hussar. The name of Denis Davydov and his creativity was familiar to A.S. Pushkin who stated the delight from its verses. However in usual life and in love Denis Davydov was still not lucky.

The monetary issue was also not resolved, and Denis Vasilyevich`s desire to marry was not supported financially. While relatives strove on his welfare, he fell in love and hoped for luck.

Elizabeth Antonovna Zlotnitskaya who during that time was 16 years old became his darling. He got acquainted with it in Kiev. She treated it favourably and even agreed to marriage. Denis Vasilyevich scribbled it verses and strove on the device of the apartment and receiving rent.

But while Denis Vasilyevich was away on affairs, the forthcoming wedding fell apart. Young Lizonka fell in love with the prince Pyotr Alekseevich Golitsyn and decided not to marry Davydov. Denis wanted to duel with the rival, but in time thought again. In its situation it would be silly. The most humiliating was the fact what he should write the tsar that he is rejected by the young bride. To be forgotten, Davydov decided to return on military service and to be engaged in writing of “Experience of guerrilla war“. There was 1817.

On March 17, 1820, in three years after the described events, Denis Davydov retired after twenty-year military service. He could not be reconciled with an arakcheevshchina in army any more. Then he wrote in the letter to the friend: “Thank God, I am free! Nearly zadokhsya; now I in the open air“.

Denis Vasilyevich met the destiny in the same 1820. Davydov`s wife is Sofya Nikolaevna Chirkova - with hunting undertook housekeeping of which Denis Vasilyevich was discharged, having turned into the simple landowner. He admitted to the wife that he has no talent for management.

The first child of a family couple, having hardly been born, died, and family life of Davydov began with grief. A bit later Sofya Nikolaevna gave birth to the second girl to whom mothers - Sonechka named, and then - and the son Vasily.

Life of the simple landowner did not satisfy Denis Vasilyevich, and he started over again asking on military service.

During this period he actively is engaged in creativity, sorts Napoleon`s notes. Also loses the little daughter Sonya who got sick with a diphtheria and died. Denis Vasilyevich is in despair. The personal grief amplifies the events which are taking place in Russia: revolt of friends - Decembrists suffers crash. In many houses of his friends there is a groan and crying. The tsar satisfies Davydov`s application to return on military service. And, being the head of family, the father of three sons, Denis Vasilyevich leaves the house and goes to service to the Caucasus.

Worrying close to the tragedy of wives of Decembrists, Denis Vasilyevich was sure that there is he on their place, his wife Sofya Nikolaevna behind it would not go, would not throw children. Between spouses cooling grew. And Denis Vasilyevich even more often left from the house - for hunting, on a fair.

The trip to Saratov was marked for the poet by new impressions and new love. Sofya Kushkina became a new muse of Davydov. But for a while.

In 1834 to it 50 years were executed. It summed up the results of past life. He was pleased by thoughts of Pushkin who became his friend, memories of Griboyedov. He understood that happiness fell to its lot to participate in different historical events of the homeland. The wife Sofya Nikolaevna understood that life of the simple landowner weighs her husband and insisted on his trips to friends - writers.

At the age of 50 years Denis Vasilyevich for the first time had feeling of reciprocal love. In the house of friends in Penza it met with 23 - the summer beauty Evgenia Zolotareva, the pupil in a family of the friends. The girl sincerely fell in love with it. History of their love was reflected in Denisov`s romance of Davydov “Do not awaken“ and some other verses. For the first time in life Denis Vasilyevich felt happy! Its previous novels were incomparable with what he endured now. At last he met a soulmate! He tried to persuade Evgenia to leave not to compromise her, but the girl fearlessly reciprocated.

The novel lasted all summer and all fall while the wife was with children in Moscow. In November Davydov returned to Moscow, but correspondence with Evgenia continued all winter. Evgenia was tormented by gossips and a gossip, and she, on the advice of the girlfriend, tries to put the end to the relations, offers Davydov friendship. However Davydov objects now. In the spring he arrived to Penza and felt that it had a rival - Nikolay Ogarev.

The wife, having learned about new hobby of the husband, arranged an explanation and it was ready to leave with children, having left its one. But Davydov did not allow a complete separation with a family. The affair with Evgenia proceeded in letters and found the end after one of the Penza authors made an open hint on this novel. Denis Davydov was brought in the satirical play in image “the guerrilla - a podagrik“. In society scandal was about to happen.

As a result of these events Evgenia`s relatives agreed to her marriage with old and ugly Vasily Osipovich Matsnev. Denis Davydov hardly elicited opportunities to say goodbye to Evgenia. He wanted to take away from it the letters, but she refused to return them.

After a gap with Evgenia eloquently tells its last poem about a state of mind of Denis Vasilyevich:

There took place fight of my passions,

the Illness of soul of my rebellious...

The poem comes to an end with lines: “But kaplt blood from a wound, / And the breast tired both aches, and hurts“.

This love was the last in destiny of the general Davydov. The poetic inspiration also left it forever. After this poem Davydov did not write more than any poetic line. And only correspondence with Pushkin and work on “Guerrilla war“ gave him some sincere calm.

But ahead there was a new tragedy - Pushkin`s duel and his death which should be worried too...