Why the tango is considered national Argentina dance?Originally pair man`s dance which appeared at the end of the 19th century in Argentina which was danced by the men who were whiling away time in turns in brothels enchantingly quickly extended all over the world. Tangomaniya, that is the fashion on a tango, many years demented all. Laid the hand to popularity a tango and cinema. Birthday of Carlos Gardel called by “the king of a tango“ is celebrated in Argentina as Put a tango.
Tango! Who does not know this gentle, romantic and at the same time incendiary and erotic dance. At school in the middle of 50 - x years we diligently tried to remember its simple pases, listening attentively to a bewitching melody. Then to us recommended to dance, besides the Russian national or known ball, only a waltz and a tango, including all the rest the nasty taste got by the decaying West.
Certainly, that tango which we studied and tried to reproduce was the most chaste and innocent of all tango on light. To anybody then could not come to the head that it is possible to embrace and press to itself the girl. The classical pose - a male hand on the partner`s waist, it is on the leader`s shoulder, two free hands are connected and extended forward or polusognuta. The distance between dancing has to be sufficient that between them there passed the soccerball. Here so we danced a tango those far years.
Now after many decades when it is possible to dance that to whom only in the head will climb up, a tango remained same concerning and darling. Its popularity, of course, decreased a little, but on any dance floor it is possible to see the dancers of a tango who are closely closed by bodies or, on the contrary, their hands which are discharged from each other nearly at all length.
So in what popularity of this dance, when and where it arose and why about a tango say that it is the Argentina dance? Precisely nobody can answer these questions, but is standard to consider that in the middle of the XIX century in Argentina there were African slaves who entered the word “tango“ meaning “the closed space“ on one of the African dialects into use. So began to call the place where slaves and free Blacks danced.
By the end of the 19th century Argentina was overflowed by a wave of emigrants. Within forty years the population Buenos - Ayresa grew from 180 thousand people to one and a half million. People went from all countries, in the majority, of course, Spaniards with Italians, but was also Poles, Russians, British much. There was a rough merge of cultures, the nations borrowed each other customs, culinary recipes, clothes elements. Also dances did not stand aside.
The majority from arrived there was poor with an adventurous vein the young men hoping to grow rich then to come back home to Europe or to transport families on the new homeland. It is supposed that there was a new dance on Afro-the Argentina dancing-parties visited by the young poor Argentineans wearing soft felt hats with the wide freely hanging fields and tying on a neck instead of ties scarfs. Exactly there the African rhythms faced milonga - the fast Pole extended in those days in Argentina with Spanish a flamenco, the Cuban habanera, the Italian and French dancing motives. All this and many other things also gave rise to new musical rhythms and new dancing pases. Creole milonga, originally playful cheerful song which turned over time into dance was executed to the accompaniment of an accordion. And when joined a guitar with a violin, a mandoline and a flute it - there was a tango. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a new musical instrument - the bandoneon sounding like body. With its emergence the tango became slower and lyrical.
Essentially differed in a tango from everything that existed in dancing culture to it. So many opportunities for improvisation are assumed there that each couple dances it in own way. There are no accurate canons performed by, there are only a few Basic Elements and installations, such as: the partner should not both to transfer weight to both legs, and to tear off them highly from a floor, and is obliged to hold constantly them slightly bent in knees. Originally it was man`s pair dance, and most often it was danced in hours-long turns in brothels.
The matter is that there were catastrophically not enough women in the country, on average there it was the share of 50 men to about one free woman that caused the prostitution growth unknown before. Here waiting for the released man`s woman also whiled away time under accordion sounds, inventing all new and new pases. Business reached that peculiar dancing tournaments began to be arranged and winners received honor of extraordinary service by women of easy virtue.
Some time the Argentina establishment tried not to notice emergence of new popular dance, including it dance of the poor and slums. The tango became more and more popular and in the first half of the XX century became known and loved by all sectors of society not only in Argentina, but also worldwide. Substantially it was promoted by unexpected popularity of a tango in the legislator of fashion - Paris. Possibly, there was it at the beginning of the second decade of the 20th century because in 1913 the tango was danced not only in Paris, but also London and Berlin.
Enchanting distribution of a tango began. There was even such concept - a tangomaniye, that is fashion on a tango and everything that was in style of a tango: parties and tea drinking, drinks and cigarettes, footwear and clothes. Not always and not everywhere it went an official way. So, the father Pius X opposed a tango, the Austrian emperor forbade to dance it in army, and the British queen told that she will not dance “it“. In Russia in 1914 even the mention of a tango was forbidden. But after in 1914 the father withdrew the ban, the tango quite officially became recognized dance.
In the young Soviet republic originally the tango appeared in disgrace too, but the national love was stronger, and soon Kozin and Leshchenko, Sokolsky and Vertinsky`s gentle voices executing a tango sounded everywhere. And remember songs of a wartime, the majority of them were a tango - the Russian tango.
In Argentina the tango quickly became national property and when it appeared at cinema, “Golden Age“ of the Argentina tango began. The Hollywood singer and the actor Carlos Gardel recognized y U-00AB he king of a tango“ and who died in plane crash in 1935 became the national hero of Argentina. Monuments are established to it and the museums, and are open on December 11, day of its birth, is recognized in Argentina in the Afternoon of a tango.
However in the fifties interest in a tango fell around the world, new modern rhythms and a pas began to force out it. And by the second birth of a tango it is again obliged to Paris. Exactly there in 1983 the show Tango Argentino which returned dance to masses opened. And again pilgrimage in dancing clubs, all wanted to learn to dance a tango. Show became so popular that dance rushed off on the world again and again was among the most popular dances.
To be fair it should be noted that the first known tango of “La Morocha“ - “Unfading“ - the Uruguayan author Enrique Saborido created, and the tango of “La Cumparsita“, most known and popular in the world, was also composed by Uruguayan Gerardo Rodriguez therefore Uruguayans by right also consider a tango national dance.