Rus Articles Journal

When and how shoulder straps in Red Army were entered?

V were entered 1943 into RKKA shoulder straps which almost did not differ from a shoulder strap of imperial army. Shoulder straps and in general a form were entered by the Supreme Commander I. V. Stalin. Earlier, summer of 1942, the military awards called by the names of great Russian commanders - Suvorov, Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky were founded. At the end of 1942 in production of the weapon the Soviet Union overtook Germany with all Europe working for it.

About introduction and a new form the Chief marshal of aircraft A. E. Golovanov wrote a shoulder strap: “I want to stop here on one event of 1943 - introduction a shoulder strap. Talk on a new form already was. I knew that Andrey Vasilyevich Hrulyov had a task to give samples of such military uniform which would be beautiful commanded respect and at the same time was simple, convenient in a sock and did not bring a lot of trouble at its putting on.

When various samples were ready, brought them to the Kremlin, and for some time Stalin`s office turned into showroom of various fashion designers of samples of regimentals sewed according to the instruction. What here was only not, up to uniforms with epaulets of times of the 18th century.

Stalin attentively considered the presented samples and shook the head - whether from surprise, whether from bewilderment. Eventually, he asked:

- And whether there is here no uniform of the Russian army which was worn by simple Russian officers?

Turned out that such form is had, but there is it somewhere aside therefore it is imperceptible. When this form was presented, there was it very modest: a single-breasted coat with shoulder straps and trousers navypusk - daily; a soldier`s blouse from khaki with shoulder straps and trousers in boots - field. Full dress - same, but embroidered by gold.

When Stalin asked to tell how many years to this form what changes it underwent, it turned out that this form was improved many and many years. As an example, it was specified that on a single-breasted coat there were six buttons earlier, and there were five that it was quicker possible to clasp it, but there passed decades before the majority recognized that the single-breasted coat with five buttons is more convenient, than with six, and such single-breasted coat was finally entered into armies.

- And how many time the form in the Russian army was improved in general? - Stalin asked workers of the back.

- the Form in the Russian army was improved during the whole time of its existence, - the answer followed.

- And other form presented here?

- Everything that here is presented, - new, just created.

- Why we will enter not tested yet when there is already checked? - Stalin told.

also settled Upon it. The form which was already existing earlier was so entered, and it completely was repaid during all war“.

Pay attention that Stalin entered the form of the Russian army existing at the tsar on the eve of revolution in the Soviet army. Since 1930 - x years thousand-year Russia slowly but surely came back to the Russian house.

The liberals who came in 1991 to the power not only began to destroy the Russian army, but also to destroy the Russian military uniform created centuries on experience of conducting continuous defensive wars by Russia. Took the form of the state of (USA) which does not have historical roots which is not knowing big wars, the army which did not test the form in bloody fights in lesisto as a basis - the marshland which did not fall down in entrenchments in a severe frost, not battling in cold, blown from all directions steppes, and got used to be at war in absolutely other conditions with the small unarmed countries.

Also our small soldiers not a ceremonial step in overcoats started walking, and to bend double in frosty day, the put-on in careless, cold, sewed from artificial material jackets. In the form of 1991 not only it is difficult to conduct battles in the conditions of the Russian climate, but it strikes with total absence of the Russian tradition and esthetic taste at her creators.

Absolutely another was the form entered in the Soviet army in 1943. It was beautiful, the Russian tested in fights a form on which each asterisk, each button were dictated by results of experience of military battles of the Russian army.

Strong connecting the past with the present causing hatred of cosmopolitans and discontent of some military leaders participating in Civil war the introduction fact a shoulder strap was especially revolutionary.

The chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR M. I. Kalinin told: “We remember an old regime, and the youth does not know it, and gold shoulder straps, in itself, for it nothing bad is meant“.

Appearance the shoulder strap remained in many respects same, as well as twenty five years ago: same gold sewing, gleams, asterisks. Kardashov and Semanov wrote that fighting traditions should be kept even in external manifestations that the Great Patriotic War incontestably proved it.

Beautiful, issued with high art taste many of military awards too kept fighting traditions of the Russian army.

In particular, summer of 1942 the military awards called by the names of great Russian commanders - Suvorov, Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky were founded. These awards intended for rewarding of command structure of Red Army.

The status, appearance of the awards and the list awarded by representations from fronts were determined by the Supreme Commander I. V. Stalin. The first Order of Alexander Nevsky of a military leader awarded the commander of a battalion of the marines battling near Stalingrad, the senior lieutenant I. N. Ruban.

The army was updated not only a form, new awards, but, first of all, the new weapon. At the end of 1942 in production of the weapon the Soviet Union overtook Germany with all Europe working for it. Tanks, tools, self-propelled artillery installations, Guards jet mortars, planes, easel machine guns of Goryunov, automatic machines of a design of Sudayev and other weapon of the last developments came to army all in large numbers.

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