Lapazheriya. What can tell the Chilean hand bell about? Ourlovely native hand bells inform on occurrence of heat, about beauty terrestrial ring all summer. What can tell the Chilean hand bell about - lapazheriya? For this purpose it is necessary to grow up houses this beauty - a liana and to talk to it. Perhaps she will tell nothing, but by all means will please with the excellent blossoming.
Our lovely hand bell the gentle ringing announces approach of summer. Plants of family of Kolokolchikov to us are well-known - grow everywhere in a moderate zone of Europe. And here on the American continent, in Chile, the Chilean hand bell with large, wonderful flowers - the truth, it not from Kolokolchikov, and from Fileziyevye`s family grows.
Besides, this Chilean hand bell yields unique fruits - edible berries of green color for what the plant is called sometimes the Chilean cucumber.
The Chilean hand bell was for the first time described at the beginning of the nineteenth century, a lapazheriya he received the scientific name in honor of Josephine - Napoleon Bonaparte`s wife, in girlhood - La Pageria. To Europe the lapazheriya was delivered in the middle of the nineteenth century by the English gardener Lobb. Since 1856 it is successfully grown up in a botanical garden of St. Petersburg.
Lapazheriya is the only type of a family of Lapazheriya. It is a long-term evergreen liana which escapes in nature reach 10 meters. Lapazheriya is considered a relic plant. Also she is an endemic - grows only on slopes of the Andes in dense rainforests. In the summer average air temperature in this zone of 15 degrees, in the winter - 8 degrees. Rainforests of Chile - a unique ecosystem. There is an equal climate, is almost always cloudy and is foggy, sunny days there are only about fifty in a year.
Lapazheriya pink is a favourite flower of villagers of Chile, it is a national flower of Chile. The Chilean hand bell since 1977 is under protection of the state - from - for deforestation it is threatened by disappearance.
Stalks of a liana are densely covered with longitudinal brilliant leaves which length reaches 15 cm. Stalks strongly branch, braid bushes and trees. When drowning on the earth form roots - thus the liana breeds.
Smart kolokolchaty flowers, 8 - 10 cm, have six accrete petals located in two circles, coloring of petals varies from brightly - crimson to pink. Petals are dense as if made of wax, are covered with light specks. The version meets white flowers.
Bright large flowers attract humming-birds who pollinate them. Fruits, berries of green color, at Chilean hand bells are similar to small tolstenky cucumbers. These fresh “cucumbers“ juicy and tasty, sold them in the markets under the name “Chilean cucumbers“ earlier. When maturing the fruit becomes firm. Seeds carry birds that also promotes moving of a plant.
Fleshy roots lapazheriiispolzutsya in traditional medicine at treatment of the diseases caused by a metabolic disorder.
The Chilean hand bell attracts flower growers with effective large hand bells, plentiful blossoming, slow growth. In room conditions escapes of a liana reach in length no more than 2 - 3 meters.
In a temperate climate the Chilean hand bell can be grown up in greenhouses as a container plant. It maintains fall of temperature to minus 5 degrees.
Lapazheriya will need the nutritious, sour, water-permeable soil, easy shading and surely increased humidity of air.
More often the Chilean hand bell is made multiple copies seeds. Before their landing it is necessary to wet for several days, to change water daily. To plant the bulked-up seeds in sour soil, they sprout at a temperature about 20 degrees within six weeks.
The first two years the liana grows slowly, will blossom on the third - the fourth year of life. Grown up from shanks blossoms earlier. Blossoms usually since the end of summer and till fall, but happens that blossoms when takes in head.
Adult plants will demand change of times in 2 - 4 years. It is better for Lapazhery to pass - it painfully reacts to damage of roots.
About our hand bell V. Stepanov wrote sincere, warm lines:
About what the hand bell
ringed All summer?
that the words
Tell was not able:
As a dawn
Dew washed forest,
As a rainbow
the Rain became a time.
O what will be told to us by a relic Chilean hand bell? Perhaps, about ancient civilizations, about flora of those far times. To whom will have the luck to grow up in house conditions this fine liana, perhaps, and will hear its revelations.