Rus Articles Journal

For what Alexander II sent “to the bay“ the count Bobrinsky? When “Alexander II passed

by the Warsaw railroad, he was met by the count Bobrinsky who at the same time was dressed in an inappropriate form. Having seen it, the Emperor Alexander II ordered it to go on a guardroom; Bobrinsky went to a guardroom, but then, of course, resigned“, - the author of “gold reform“, the Minister of Finance of Russia Sergey Witte remembered.

By the way, at the suggestion of Bobrinsky Witte began the career. The count knew the vigorous young man from the province through his uncle - the general. Having invited the provincial to the St. Petersburg house, Alexey Pavlovich Bobrinsky offered: “To you, Sergey Yulyevich, it will be interesting to work on the railroad. This business now violently develops“.

So, on a patronage of the minister, Witte held a low position of the cashier: it should prove the right for career development work. Understanding it, Sergey Yulyevich treated Alexey Pavlovich with great respect. “It was the most noble and most honest person“, - Witte wrote subsequently.

Catherine II and Grigory Orlov`s descendant, the count Alexey Pavlovich Bobrinsky (1826-1894) became history of railway branch of Russia.

It was the Minister of Railways about two years, since September 2, 1872 - go till July 10, 1874 - go, but managed to reorganize during this time qualitatively a puteysky network and to begin construction of 18 new roads. Its contribution, really, is huge. But then why the emperor from - for formal a trifle actually pushed Alexey Pavlovich to dismissal and easily left the recognized expert on the business?

On construction of the railroads enormous fortunes were knocked together in those days. As - about it Nekrasov wrote in the poem. Bobrinsky was an opponent of private railway construction and resolutely stood up for laying of new roads by treasury that allowed to control strictly quality of works and to provide tolerable working conditions and life to builders. Its project of reorganization of railway economy caused the mad resistance of the Minister of Finance Reytern who constantly “dug“ under Bobrinsky, but could not “dump“ - the minister worked honestly, was not engaged in bribery and from “railway pie“ did not pinch off though in such a way could satisfy, of course, the family debts which remained from the first count Bobrinsky.

Even at the solution of a question of laying of a branch of Ryazhsko - Vyazemskaya Road which on the project had to pass near patrimonial count possession in the Tula province Alexey Pavlovich kept in the background. It “though did not help us with our strengthened efforts on carrying out a way, but also did not slow down business“, - the prince Dmitry Obolensky “punching“ building at the request of local producers wrote. At the same time within the competence and based on the reasoned petitions of a zemstvo, the minister helped with the solution of a number of important “road“ problems in those places. Also it is not casual upon termination of construction Skopinsky and Bogoroditsky city societies at all elected Alexey Pavlovich the honourable citizen of the cities … the First train passed

on a new branch in the Tula province after Bobrinsky`s resignation from the minister`s post. It, according to Witte, was connected with the fact that “Alexey Bobrinsky … processed case extremely independently“ and resisted providing concession on Rostovo`s construction - Vladikavkazskaya Road a creature of the morganatic wife of the emperor of the princess of Yuryevskaya.

“Here is how - that time it was in Imperial at the Emperor Alexander II; The Emperor to him started talking that, here, It gave concession to it - that, - Witte told. - And why Bobrinsky in return does not want it to make? Then Alexey Bobrinsky answered what he does not want it to do because considers that person who is supposed to give concession, the person unreliable which a lot of money will take away to itself in a pocket and that he considers impossible to spend the state money so. Then Alexander II became angry about Bobrinsky and told him a lot of unpleasant. Eventually, He told: “Well so you in that case choose the concessionaire from people whom you consider honest, and present him today that a question of that, the lump will be given concession, today it would be over“ and that He does not intend to wait for … But actions of this sort to Alexey Bobrinsky were not in vain“. the Emperor Bobrinsky`s resignation accepted

though Russia hardly benefited from it …

In memory of contemporaries Alexey Pavlovich remained as “the person of all-humanist views to whom he adhered since the childhood“. Eventually, he was fond of Protestant ideas of the English lord Redstok coming with sermons to Russia and entered into religious society of his followers. “Nobody, is never better for me spoke about belief, than Bobrinsky, - Lev Tolstoy wrote after one of meetings with it, - feel that it is happier than those which have no his belief“. Lev Nikolaevich was in the bogoroditsky manor of Bobrinsky removed in “Anna the Kareniny“ as Vronsky` manor more than once. Together they also worked “at hunger“ 1891-1892.

Spiritual ideals of Alexey Pavlovich and his supporters did not get accustomed in Russia. After several preventions activity of society was recognized harmful and the count was sent abroad. He spent the last years of life in France.

Alexander II drove Bobrinsky out of railway business, but in memory of descendants he remained. In October, 2012 at Zhdank`s station under the Tula Bogoroditsk where there was an entail property of Bobrinsky, Alexey Pavlovich`s bust and the museum which part of an exposition is devoted to the third Russian Minister of Railways, the general - to the lieutenant, the member of the State Council, Catherine II`s great-grandson were solemnly open.