Rus Articles Journal

How there was a career of the captain A. I. Kazarsky?

the Captain A. I. Kazarsky became known in 1829 when the brig “Mercury“ under its command could win against two Turkish frigates. From the moment of this heroic victory the ordinary naval officer became the friend of the emperor and passed to court service.

The captain Alexander Ivanovich Kazarsky (1797-1833) came from poor noblemen of the Belarusian province which was just in the middle of sushi. From here to any sea three days to jump - you will not hop. What zigzag of destiny brought Kazarsky on the Black Sea fleet?

In 1808 to Kazarsky` family there arrived the cousin of the father, Vasily Semenovich. It from Nikolaev`s city where recently received a position in Auber - an intendantstvo arrived. The cousin uncle also suggested parents to send Alexander to school of navigators which was in Nikolaev. Parents agreed with pleasure. The family was poor, only and ranks that noblemen. On the money it was impossible to learn the son and to attach on good service. Sending Sasha in Nikolaev, the father told him plain truth: “The good name is the only thing that I will leave to you in inheritance“.

By the way, from all ways, possible for the noble greenhorn, the service on fleet was the most unenviable. Ranks and ranks as in guard, here from the sky did not pour. The naval service was hard in addition and especially dangerous it was in comparison with army. It is not joyful to get wound in the battlefield, but to fall the wounded in a raging sea - absolutely gone case. Besides navigators, one of whom Sasha Kazarsky was going to become, took the lowest place in ship hierarchy. Even in officer cabins - the company them was not always allowed.

Therefore Alexander Kazarsky did not graduate from mate school, and in 16 years arrived on fleet the naval cadet. In a year he receives the first naval rank, the warrant officer. No fighting romanticism in sea service existed. Kazarsky ordered auxiliary vessels, brigantines and launches which transported freights between the Black Sea ports. To overland measures - an oboznik.

In 1819, after work in lieutenants, Kazarsky “Evstafy“ passed to a frigate. Exactly here the real service which taught him to everything that the fighting naval officer had to know and be able began. In 1828 Kazarsky is a commander of the transport vessel “Rival“ which became the fighting bombardier ship after on it established a smooth-bore howitzer. Thanks to the fact that the transport ship had small draft it approached close the coast and opened effective fire at coastal fortresses. “Rival“ participated in storm of Varna and Anapa which at the beginning of 19 - go centuries were not resorts at all, and quite serious strengthenings. Kazarsky received the next rank for capture of Anapa the captain - the lieutenant, and for participation in storm of Varna he was awarded with the gold weapon “For Bravery“.

In 1829 Kazarsky appointed the commander of a brig “Mercury“. This ship was well familiar to Alexander Ivanovich. Several years earlier it served on “Mercury“.

Under A. I. Kazarsky`s command a brig “Mercury“ became history voyenno - sea battles. On May 14, 1829 he accepted unequal battle with two Turkish frigates. Superiority of Turks was indisputable. But courage of the captain, proficiency of team and - what there to speak - good luck allowed “Mercury“ to win a brilliant victory. Skillfully maneuvering and shooting back, the ship which was ordered by Kazarsky, forced both frigates to disengage. Despite the torn rigging and 22 holes in boards, “Mercury“ joined the Russian squadron.

For a brilliant victory the lieutenant commander Kazarsky was made in captains 2 at once - go a rank, passing the next rank of the captain 3 - go a rank. Besides, the emperor awarded him with the Order of Saint George of the IV class and - the most important - paid the attention to the brave seaman and appointed his wing - the aide-de-camp.

And it was, perhaps, the most important award. Alexander Ivanovich Kazarsky, very mean nobleman, passed to court service where many aspired. At court both ranks, and awards, and ranks were released more generously, than on any other service. But, as they say, “there are a lot of invited and few electees“.

In a court rank “a wing - the aide-de-camp“ which Kazarsky was awarded misleads the modern person both “wing“, and “aide-de-camp“. “Wing“ in this case - at all not a lodge in a silent garden, and the army flank. And “aide-de-camp“ that in translation from German is meant by “assistant“, - the real assistant to the commander, but not serving parquet sharkun. The wing - the aide-de-camp was called the officer for special instructions at the emperor. A wing - aide-de-camps were elected personally the emperor and enjoyed his boundless confidence. Therefore this position was at court very influential.

A. Kazarsky came to Nicholas I`s suite in 1831, already in a rank of the captain 1 - go a rank. It executed several orders of the emperor harder and harder. The position assumed high personal devotion to the tsar and faultless honesty. All this was, and these qualities led the hero - the seaman to premature and tragic death. But not from hands of spiteful enemies, and from intrigues of compatriots.

The Soviet history was negative to Nicholas I, certainly. It suppressed Decembrist uprising. Already for it on it hung all possible dogs. And it ruined Pushkin, and suppressed revolts in all neighboring countries. Lev Tolstoy nicknamed it contemptuous “Nikolay Palkin“. And its monument at St. Isaac`s Square at the Soviet power escaped only because harmonized space of this big area, but also, was a unique equestrian statue in which the horse leaned only on two points.

Now other fashion went and the words “the sovereign-the emperor“ are pronounced with love aspiration. The former minuses become suddenly fat pluses. Both Decembrists - conspirators and rebels, and Pushkina the emperor on - fatherlike sponsored, and after his death paid all considerable debts of the poet. And yes to Hungarians and it is necessary to the revolting Poles. There is nothing to revolt against legitimate authority.

Actually, in Nicholas I`s biography as in the biography of any acting governor, any good is enough. What from it you will not take away - clever there was a governor and sharp-sighted.

It is undoubted that Nicholas I well understood what country he rules. Not without reason the well-known play of N. V. Gogol “Auditor“ was allowed to representation only on personal permission of the emperor. From the point of view of censorship this play was absolutely “not a checkpoint“ and had chance to share lot of “Woe from Wit“, that is to disperse on quotes, without being put. The emperor was present at the first representation and in the same place told very self-critical words: “Well, playlet! To all got, and me - more all!“

Play “Auditor“, as we know, comedy. Nikolaev it would be possible to call the last inspection trip of A. I. Kazarsky to the city “Auditor“ too, but to put on the stage as the tragedy. The tragedy with mysterious, detective, a plot.