Rus Articles Journal

The Tilsit world and war of 1812 - why left as left? Part 2

I the French revolution, and Napoleon`s expansion infringed on interests of Russia. Let in the beginning and indirectly, revolution export threat. Then economically, creating intensity at the seas. And only much later - approach of borders of the empire of Napoleon.

Still Paul I participated in counterrevolutionary actions. But it was more flexible, in time having seen pluses of the union with Napoleon. Most likely, and the Russian economy would be reconstructed.

And begun was expansion on the East (Khiva, India) was far more natural to us. France here not the competitor, is the traditional sphere of interests of Russia and England. And the blow went against this main competitor …

the Similar situation developed in Tilsit.

Napoleon gave Russians a free hand for actions in the south and in the north - Russia was given Finland. If we are able to take Sweden, then and it. The Russian groups (at direct insistance of the representative of the tsar, Alexey Andreevich Arakcheev) passed with sudden blow to ice the Gulf of Bothnia. Operation unique at that time! Also appeared in the territory of Sweden, threatening to break to Stockholm. It roused Swedes to agree to annexation by Russia of Finland.

Napoleon was ready to concede also a sphere of influence on the Balkans. However, without desired passages, dream of the Russian tsars.

Alexander took Finland, but did not observe own obligations... And a fine opportunity to turn the recent opponent into the powerful ally opened. Having besides other direction of territorial growth and influence.

Ambitions, dream of glory and the European recognition and personal hostility to Napoleon are considered as one of the main motives of Alexander. Also it seems, he did not forgive to Bonaparte of hints on participation in patricide.

At all importance of economic relations with England, many historians call solving personal motives of the tsar. Alexander, at all care of decisions, is skillful to try to obtain the. And perfectly passed unpopular decisions in ruling class. For example, the well-known promise that “everything will be as at the grandma“, was observed by it very conditionally., It seems, suspicions and rumors of participation of the successor in plot did not get to anywhere. And Alexander was not torn to a throne; also dreamed of liberal reforms, and prepared them; also said that the power weighs it … But in real persistently pursued own policy. From time to time not liberal. Just usually he acted not outright, and from - for backs of assistants. Which were “guilty“ … Of which it was possible and to get rid if necessary. Speransky, Barclay, Kutuzov, Arakcheev (it is not set aside, but the despot and the suppressor of freedom became history as “scarecrow“).

Society is dissatisfied with retreat and blames Barclay? To set aside, appoint popular Kutuzov! However, retreat continued... according to the plan of the tsar.

So be at Alexander desire to follow the contract - as the nobility, there would be no opportunities also? A lot of things were “not so, absolutely not so“, as in official textbooks. The victory which discovered to broad masses of the nobility Europe “is too untwisted“. Napoleon won by Russians is too great.

Many historians incline that Alexander not so much forcedly violated agreements how many intentionally irritated Napoleon. Judging by correspondence of the tsar, he long before Patriotic war was adjusted to fight up to the end and by all means. Alexander perceived Napoleon as the personal enemy. To Tilsit new “claims“ collected: defeats beat the authority and Alexander`s popularity. To the nobility own ofrantsuzhennost did not prevent to hate Napoleon. That is in Russia there was no special force wishing the world.

Alexander`s ambitions cost the country in the ruined economy and tens of thousands of lives. The main weight laid down, as usual, on the people. The weight, whose opinion of very few people interested and which did not receive almost any pluses and prizes. “Almost“ - because some number of soldiers (we will remember: soldier`s weight almost completely consisted of peasants), having thought, ran up, having considered that their working hands it is more necessary … there

But Europe was visited by wide layers of “public“. However, “tourism“ came out expensive … the close acquaintance with the European liberal ideas turned back

In years speech of Decembrists (nobody of which suffered directly during revolt, and under a case-shot set up ordinary soldiers again) and the subsequent long-term reaction of Nicholas I. Who very much can even be understood …