Travel to Chile. What legends and myths shroud Cape Horn? Any mysterious and hard-to-reach spot acquiresLegends and myths. Cape Horn an exception is not. Here about several such legends and real events there is a speech in this article.
Any mysterious and hard-to-reach spot quickly acquires the mass of the diverse legends, legends and often unclear the profane person of customs. Cape Horn an exception is not.
Some customs I mentioned in article about Drake Strait, they are identical. Among the sea “wolves“ floating at will of waves and sails it is still possible to meet people with a gold or copper earring in an ear. And, how many the similar goods are on sale in the souvenir shops scattered at “world`s end“ - just eyes run up! Means, still romantics on the old woman were not translated to Earth.
And so, for an explanation of this custom there is an ancient legend which says: found the body of the dead cast ashore in the ocean of the seaman has to inter it, and to take an earring to itself in payment for.
Another, not less ancient, the legend of Cape Horn says that in that place where Quiet and Atlantic oceans meet, long ago, when people did not appear in this world yet, the lord of the seas and oceans ordered to chain the most powerful chains to a seabed of the terrible demon. All the life this monster tries to tear chains therefore there oceans constantly storm and artful winds, and everything that is connected with Cape Horn blow, promises travelers the mass of surprises.
According to one more known legend, souls of the sailors who died when passing Cape Horn turn into the tireless albatrosses who are eternally soaring over furious elements.
But the most known legend connected with Cape Horn about which heard, probably, everyone is a legend of the Flying Dutchman. There are many variations on this subject. History of the skipper of the Dutch ship - a sailing vessel of Van der Deken which could not round the artful cape in any way is the cornerstone of all of them, all the time it was disturbed by weather. The skipper angered in the end swore that he will try to round the cape though till doomsday. As soon as he cried out in a fit of temper these words, from the sky sounded: “Yes will be so, float“. Here also he swims still in vain attempts to round the cape. Sometimes it even rises by the deck of the oncoming ship to transfer letters home.
Why the Dutch seaman moreover with a concrete name became the hero of a legend, nobody, of course, knows. But it is obvious that to it got to prototypes or the captain Skhauten, the Dutch on a nationality who named extreme as long time was considered terrestrial go on in the south of the South American continent, or his numerous followers.
Not all managed to round Cape Horn from the first calling, some had to repeat the attempts over and over again, some were lucky - and they achieved the objectives, but many paid with lives in this fight against elements. Here all this also laid down a basis in this surprising legend more than three hundreds years ago. To sell the soul to a devil in exchange for a fair wind is as it was necessary to seek to achieve the dream to doom itself to eternal wandering on sea open spaces!
The “Flying Dutchman“ appearing on the horizon promised to all seamen fast death, the legend said. The superstition, as we know, very hardy, here was also multiplied amount of rumors about a meeting with the ship - the ghost. Tens of written reports of captains of the ships forced the government of Argentina to send at the beginning of the 21st century a special scientific expedition which had to find in the passage of Le - Mer where this ghost was to seamen most often, the real reasons of its emergence.
What strange it would not seem, but rumors were true: a certain sailing vessel in the face of the amazed scientists rushed in full sail, suffered disaster. Fortunately, all this was optical deception. Just at a certain provision of the sun against the sublime coast of Tierra Del Fuego this illusion was shown. Now the special amendment about possibility of this phenomenon is made to sailing directions.
Illusions by illusions but to meet in the ocean the vessel without uniform person onboard was not a rarity. According to reports of the Lloyd insurance company during the period from 1891 to 1893 1828 reports of captains on a meeting in the high sea with such vessels were registered. It was necessary to start their systematic destruction. Only the American warships by 1930 destroyed 267 such “ghosts“. But, though the probability to meet now “Flying Dutchman“ is minimum, to masts of many vessels horseshoes - on good luck are beaten.
Of course, speaking about the ships - ghosts, it is necessary to remember also great Richard Wagner`s opera “Flying Dutchman“. The composer on the basis of the personal impressions received during flight from creditors when its ship got to a storm, and the sailors supported with stories, and the most important - Heinrich Heine`s book “From mister von Schnabelewopski`s memoirs“ wrote the libretto, and then and music to this romantic work in the beginning.
To the greatest regret, it is difficult to carry what I want to report to readers about to myths and legends, it is avaricious so heavier statistics. Till 1914 round around Cape Horn was in almost only way for sailing vessels upon transition from one ocean to another. And so, since 17th century, near Cape Horn died, according to different data, from 800 to 1000 ships by which there were not less than 10 000 seamen of various nationalities. For this reason Cape Horn is considered the largest cemetery of the ships.
Probably, it can seem paradoxical, but certain very essential part of ship-wrecks at the time of sailing fleet happened not at strong wind, and at its total absence. Thus near Cape Horn in 1929 the vessel “Pinnas“ suffered accident. The storm storming in the ocean within several days suddenly stopped, wind abated, sails on the vessel powerlessly drooped, but the sea continuing to worry attracted the ship to reeves on which it also found the end.
Well and finally curious information. In 1830 when the schooner “Beagle“ made the legendary swimming, the captain Fitzroy landed on the island the Horn, made all necessary measurements and calculations there and rose by cape top. As proofs of the presence on the island it left the message to descendants in the form of a certain material confirmation there. The parcel left by British at peak of the Cape managed to be found only at the end of 1989. It was made by officers of the Chilean Naval Forces. Now contents of “parcel“ from the past - coins, buttons and an other similar trifle, are stored in Voyenno - the Sea museum in Valparaiso.