Maria Gmoshinskaya`s technique “Baby drawing“ of
baby drawing practices In Europe for 20 years. Baby, or it is called still infantile, creativity assumes drawing of the child paints from 6 months. Technology of drawing - fingers, palms. The kid can work both the right, and left hand. In the same place, in the West, for the first time began to carry out opening days, exposing the masterpieces written by tiny fingers. Doctors are sure that children`s pictures are capable to influence a mental and emotional condition of adults positively. Art critics speak about their similarity to equipment of artists - impressionists, based on intuitive drawing.
When to begin?shows
of the Practician that to begin familiarizing of the kid with fine follows from 6 months, it is possible later, but not earlier as earlier most often the child is not ready physically yet. Similar occupation assumes physical capacity of sitting, and also to this age at the child to become uncontrollable thirst for knowledge of the world. Finger-type manipulations promote development of the speech and mentality. Work with paints positively influences color perception and memory of the kid. The desire of harmonious development of the child (interesting knowledge, the organization of interesting wakefulness), but not desire to grow up the artist has to be a priority of occupations by drawing.With what to begin
?Children`s drawing has to be thought over and well organized by
. Preparation of working stock, workplace and clothes.
1. Working stock: Paint (in work are used the special type of paint which is not causing an allergy suitable for drawing by the child`s handles (and at desire - and legs). The child starts fingers in a convenient jar - and creates, does prints, puts blots etc. This paint does not do harm to the child even at casual hit in a mouth. Here names of several companies - the producers offering the range of these special paints: SES, Stilla. Paper (as a cloth the Whatman paper, the big size of paper - expanse for self-expression of the kid is used). To the child of chest age the sheet A4 size as small motility and coordination of movements is not rather developed suffices, and the child will begin to smear with paint everything that around it. Clothes of the child (for this type of occupation it is desirable to use the special clothes which are not constraining the child and also things at which pollution do not arise regrets); the old t-shirt and panties will be ideally suited, it is also desirable to cover a head of the young artist with a kerchief.
the Place for children`s studio.
before occupations lay a floor a polyethylene film. It is desirable to be engaged in drawing with the baby on a floor (in the presence of heating of floors) - the child will have more place for creativity and a possibility of free movement. If there is no possibility of carrying out occupations on a floor, it is possible to use a small stool and a little table. It is necessary to be engaged in drawing in the afternoon when the daylight suffices. It is not desirable to draw in the evening, most often the child has already enough impressions received in a day.
2. Organization of process of drawing. Surely warn the child that you will draw, and also explain that at first it is necessary to put on special “clothes of artists“.
For the first occupations have enough use of two flowers (paint is in jars - buckets, sets of paints consist of 4 or 6 flowers). Water when drawing is not used as the small child can pour or drink it. Give to the kid an opportunity most to choose color. In the course of drawing be patient and take the observer`s position. Accept this unusual creativity by it what it is, do not try to show how it is necessary to draw correctly. Encouragement of activity of the child from the adult is very important and a praise. Activity of the kid will depend on an emotional spirit of the adult in many respects.
After the child already got acquainted with a subject (paint), new to it, begin to draw along with the child, only on a single sheet. A necessary condition for successful creative process is the possibility of the child to watch activity of the adult.
3. Process of children`s drawing. the Child touches paint, begins to smear slowly it on paper, squeezes in a cam (investigates material). Most often vigorous activity joins only small part of children, beginning to smear intensively paint on paper. At most of children active actions arise on the second, third occupation and later. Children very much like to move a hand, at the same time the kid does the broad wide movements peculiar to this age. Draws attention of the child pachkany, new feelings at contact with paint, “chvakanye“ when tightening paint in a palm. After six months most often the kid already understands the speech of the adult and value of actions. Tell the child as objects which surround you in the course of occupations are called, pronounce all his actions during occupation and those colors of paint which the kid uses. It is also necessary to consider that at this age the knowledge is carried out by means of touch. In attempts of the child to take paint in a mouth explain mission of paint (“to draw, but not to eat“).
With growth of the child “technology“ of drawing changes, the movements of the kid gain more organized character. As the organizing beginning acts a rhythm. Repeatedly repeating cottons a palm on paint causing a bigger delight succeed active spreading. Only later time the child will pay attention to color spots - result of the work. Interest in the left mark can be considered as the beginning of the real creative activity.
Should not subject works of the baby to the careful psychological analysis and to judge its character. Undoubtedly, the internal state of the kid influences the choice of paints, but at evaluation of works it is necessary to consider not only age of the child, but also what is the time the kid draws paints whether he could choose independently colors which are necessary to it at present. The child, having for the first time seen paint, irrespective of age studies its quality in the beginning, learns to mix colors, receiving shades, and kids can express the internal state by means of color only to one and a half - two years, but these are children who passed a stage of baby drawing.
4. Frequency and duration of drawing. can suit Creative “pachkaniye“ time - two in a week. It is desirable in the first half of day, choosing the most active, emotionally positive condition of the child (naturally, excepting occupations at feeling sick of the child or in case something disturbs the child). Drawing in the first half of day will help to save the baby from information and emotional overloads. The first occupations, as a rule, the shortest will also last only two - three minutes. On condition of regular trainings to one-year-old age this time increases ten times. Very important in the course of drawing to monitor reaction and an emotional spirit and a condition of the child as he acts as temporary “barometer“ of duration of occupations. Sudden deterioration in mood or attempt to scatter jars with paints - a signal to completion of occupation. From - for development opportunities of “a cancellation syndrome“ it is not recommended to allow long breaks in drawing even during the summer period. Create on health!