Alcoholism and drug addiction at teenage age of
of One of the most burning issues at teenage age is a problem of alcoholism and drug addiction. What pushes the teenager on the way of these dangerous pleasures? Why teenagers begin to drink and use drugs?can be
of the Reason various. In total they can be divided into two main groups.
First group. The reasons of psychophysiological characterAs showed to
supervision, alcoholism and drug addiction develop more likely at the children having organic damages of a brain which reason can be a patrimonial trauma got as a result of asphyxia at appearance of the child on light; besides, adverse psychophysical effects are made also by various diseases of the central nervous system which the child has at the age of about three years; serious poisoning; cherepno - brain injuries and infections of a brain (meningitis, viral diseases).
If the child in the childhood had these or those diseases of a brain or nervous system, parents with special care need to control it as the risk of development of alcoholism and drug addiction in this case significantly increases.
Second group. Features of teenage agethe Teenage period in itself is most vulnerable
: character and mentality of the child during this period are extremely unstable, ability to resist to negative external influence is expressed poorly. Instability of mentality at this age becomes the reason not only developments of alcoholic and drug addiction, but also other violations, for example, of social character - teenage crime. The features of teenage age creating favorable circumstances for development of addictions:
- immaturity of mentality;
- extreme susceptibility to various external influences;
- aspiration to self-affirmation;
- desire to prove everything that it is already an adult;
- lack of the developed sense of responsibility for own acts and their consequences;
As a rule, teenagers begin to accept alcohol or drugs, being in group of peers or more senior teenagers. Something “to prove“ desire to be allocated or not to “lag behind“ others, tendency to imitation, aspiration to follow group standards of behavior, desire to parents, as a rule, work in a complex.
Any teenager who for the first time accepted alcohol or who dragged on a cigarette with narcotic “dope“ never allows thoughts of what can once gain painful dependence on alcohol and drugs. He perceives all this as “overindulgence“, without realizing that development of dependence begins already with the very first moment of the use of alcohol or drug. Naturally, that the teenager gets under negative influence of group there is also a wine of adults.
Absence from parents of interest in half-sprout life, neglect, a preoccupation own problems, imaginary powerlessness, a conflict situation in a family - all this in a varying degree promotes gradual “rejection“ of the teenager who is looking for possibilities of self-realization, understanding, friendly participation, recognition.
Aspiration to unite in groups - normal, healthy aspiration of the child who is in the teenage period. It is impossible to limit his communication to walls of the house and school and it is not necessary. However parents should be aware surely of what teenagers what people make the child`s environment do in the spare time.Very often teenagers in the company begin to drink
just from “inaction“. Unfortunately, it is the truth. Lack of interest in study, sport, lack of an opportunity to spend time pleasantly and is useful - this spiritual emptiness of world around and pushes teenagers on somehow “to diversify“ the life. Someone one becomes the initiator, as a rule; however owing to features of age about which it was already repeatedly told above members of teenage group begin to try to keep step with “leader“. Someone seeks for imitation, wants “not to lag behind“ others; someone, at heart understanding that he does wrong, just is afraid to be mocked by friends for the fact that it was such “positive“.the general background of mood in the company raises, becomes “more cheerful“ than
At joint acceptance of alcohol. Further the stereotype works: there is nothing to be engaged, it is boring - it is necessary just to drink, and everything will be remarkable.
It is unconditional, the teenager who is brought up in a dysfunctional family comes under negative influence of peers much easier:
In - the first because often since the early childhood has before eyes “an example for imitation“ in the person of own parents.
In - the second because has no due control from adult, accurate positive reference points. However children and from safe families in which parents do not take alcoholic drinks at all become members of similar teenage groups in which there is a development of alcoholism and drug addiction.to
Teenagers are very strongly subject to influence. Revaluation of vital values, mixture of positions and priorities can happen to any of them, including also those who belonged to the category of “safe“ for the time being. Parents should not forget about it.
Aspiration to imitation - the phenomenon which is rather steadily found at most of teenagers which not in all cases can exert negative impact. Sometimes this aspiration is useful as as object for imitation the hero gets out for the teenager. Teenagers in the aspiration to imitate reach imitation, in other words, create to themselves an idol. They seek similar to be absolute on it in everything: put on the same as it, try to imitate his gait, the speech, a conversation manner.
the Task of parents of the teenager - not to assume what he would choose as an example for imitation of the villain - whether it be the character of the movie, book, telecast or (that is especially important!) real-life person.Formation of a positive ideal, positive role model in some degree already in itself is capable to protect with
the teenager from bad influence.
Knows that own moral position at the teenager is absent, his esthetic concepts are formed under the influence of surrounding people. If for one reason or another the teenager does not receive positive influence from parents, he easily gets under influence of any person who inspires in it feeling of respect.
One more reason of mixture of ideals in the teenage period is so-called reaction of a protest. In this case it is, besides, about successful children and safe families, about a situation when, apparently, nothing portends trouble. Reaction of a protest at teenage age is shown most often. As a rule, it arises at the teenager in response to misunderstanding or the offense caused by adults, increased requirements to which he is not able to correspond infringement of vanity by close people, parents or teachers.the teenager is capable to make
In a condition of offense on parents anything, just “to spite“ to mother or the father; besides, alcohol intake is capable of some time to dull offense, to muffle it, to lighten mood, to raise the self-assessment.
Reaction of a protest arises at the teenager and in that case when he becomes the witness of the conflicts between parents.the Conflicts between parents the teenager at the level of subconsciousness often perceives
directed against themselves. In this case there is the same reaction of a protest, desire to muffle offense, as provokes further emergence of a pathological drug addiction or to alcohol.